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The Challenges of Designing a Modern Skill, Part 3

Okay, Wendy’s or Walgreens or whoever, I don’t care who you are, you’re listening to the rest.

Introduction to Part 3

Welcome back one last time to “The Challenges of Designing a Modern Skill,” a series where we discuss all aspects of skill design and development. In Part 1, we talked about OSRS’s history with skills, and started the lengthy conversation on Skill Design Philosophy, including the concepts of Core, Expansion, and Integration. This latter topic consumed the entirety of Part 2 as well, which covered Rewards and Motivations, Progression, Buyables, as well as Unconstructive Arguments.
Which brings us to today, the final part of our discussion. In this Part 3, we’ll finish up Section 3 – Skill Design Philosophy, then move on to chat about the design and blog process. One last time, this discussion was intended to be a single post, but its length outgrew the post character limit twice. Therefore, it may be important to look at the previous two parts for clarity and context with certain terms. The final product, in its purest, aesthetic, and unbroken form, can be found here.

3-C – Skill Design Philosophy, Continued

3-12 - Balancing

What follows from the discussion about XP and costs, of course, is balancing: the bane of every developer. A company like Riot knows better than anyone that having too many factors to account for makes good balance impossible. Balancing new ideas appropriately is extremely challenging and requires a great respect for current content as discussed in Section 3-5 – Integration. Thankfully, in OSRS we only have three major balancing factors: Profit, XP Rate, and Intensity, and two minor factors: Risk and Leniency. These metrics must amount to some sense of balance (besides Leniency, which as we’ll see is the definition of anti-balance) in order for a piece of content to feel like it’s not breaking the system or rendering all your previous efforts meaningless. It’s also worthy to note that there is usually a skill-specific limit to the numerical values of these metrics. For example, Runecrafting will never receive a training method that grants 200k xp/hr, while for Construction that’s easily on the lower end of the scale.
A basic model works better than words to describe these factors, and therefore, being the phenomenal artist that I am, I have constructed one, which I’ve dubbed “The Guthix Scale.” But I’ll be cruel and use words anyway.
  • Profit: how much you gain from a task, or how much you lose. Gain or loss can include resources, cosmetics, specialized currencies, good old gold pieces, or anything on that line.
  • XP Rate: how fast you gain XP.
  • Intensity: how much effort (click intensity), attention (reaction intensity), and thought (planning intensity) you need to put into the activity to perform it well.
  • Risk: how likely is the loss of your revenue and/or resource investment into the activity. Note that one must be careful with risk, as players are very good at abusing systems intended to encourage higher risk levels to minimize how much they’re actually risking.
  • Leniency: a measure for how imbalanced a piece of content can be before the public and/or Jagex nerfs it. Leniency serves as a simple modulator to help comprehend when the model breaks or bends in unnatural ways, and is usually determined by how enjoyable and abusable an activity is, such that players don’t want to cause an outrage over it. For example, Slayer has a high level of Leniency; people don’t mind that some Slayer tasks grant amazing XP Rates, great Profits, have middling Intensity, and low Risk. On the other hand, Runecrafting has low levels of Leniency; despite low Risk, many Runecrafting activities demand high Intensity for poor XP Rates and middling Profits.
In the end, don’t worry about applying specific numbers during the conceptual phase of your skill design. However, when describing an activity to your reader, it’s always useful if you give approximations, such as “high intensity” or “low risk,” so that they get an idea of the activity’s design goals as well as to guide the actual development of that activity. Don’t comment on the activity’s Leniency though, as that would be pretty pretentious and isn’t for you to determine anyway.

3-13 - Skill Bloat

What do the arts of weaving, tanning, sowing, spinning, pottery, glassmaking, jewellery, engraving, carving, chiselling, carpentry, and even painting have in common? In real life, there’s only so much crossover between these arts, but in Runescape they’re all simply Crafting.
The distinction between what deserves to be its own skill or instead tagged along to a current skill is often arbitrary; this is the great challenge of skill bloat. The fundamental question for many skill concepts is: does this skill have enough depth to stand on its own? The developers of 2006 felt that there was sufficient depth in Construction to make it something separate from Crafting, even if the latter could have covered the former. While there’s often no clean cut between these skills (why does making birdhouses use Crafting instead of Construction?), it is easy to see that Construction has found its own solid niche that would’ve been much too big to act as yet another Expansion of Crafting.
On the other hand, a skill with extremely limited scope and value perhaps should be thrown under the umbrella of a larger skill. Take Firemaking: it’s often asked why it deserves to be its own skill given how limited its uses are. This is one of those ideas that probably should have just been thrown under Crafting or even Woodcutting. But again, the developers who made early Runescape did not battle with the same ideas as the modern player; they simply felt like Firemaking was a good idea for a skill. Similarly, the number of topics that the Magic skill covers is so often broken down in other games, like Morrowind’s separation between Illusion, Conjuration, Alteration, Destruction, Mysticism, Restoration, Enchant, Alchemy (closer to Herblore), and Unarmored (closer to Strength and Defense). Why does Runescape not break Magic into more skills? The answer is simple: Magic was created with a much more limited scope in Runescape, and there has not been enough content in any specific magical category to justify another skill being born. But perhaps your skill concept seeks to address this; maybe your Enchantment skill takes the enchanting aspects of Magic away, expands the idea to include current imbues and newer content, and fully fleshes the idea out such that the Magic skill alone cannot contain it. Somewhat ironically, Magic used to be separated into Good and Evil Magic skills in Runescape Classic, but that is another topic.
So instead of arguments about what could be thrown under another skill’s umbrella, perhaps we should be asking: is there enough substance to this skill concept for it to stand on its own, outside of its current skill categorization? Of course, this leads to a whole other debate about how much content is enough for a skill idea to deserve individuality, but that would get too deep into specifics and is outside the scope of this discussion.

3-14 - Skill Endgame

Runescape has always been a sandbox MMO, but the original Runescape experience was built more or less with a specific endgame in mind: killing players and monsters. Take the Runescape Classic of 2001: you had all your regular combat skills, but even every other skill had an endgame whose goal was helping combat out. Fishing, Firemaking, and Cooking would provide necessary healing. Smithing and Crafting, along with their associated Gathering skill partners, served to gear you up. Combat was the simple endgame and most mechanics existed to serve that end.
However, since those first days, the changing endgame goals of players have promoted a vast expansion of the endgame goals of new content. For example, hitting a 99 in any non-combat skill is an endgame goal in itself for many players, completely separate from that skill’s combat relationship (if any). These goals have increased to aspects like cosmetic collections, pets, maxed stats, all quests completed, all diaries completed, all music tracks unlocked, a wealthy bank, the collection log, boss killcounts, and more. Whereas skills used to have a distinct part of a system that ultimately served combat, we now have a vast variety of endgame goals that a skill can be directed towards. You can even see a growth in this perspective as new skills were released up to 2007: Thieving mainly nets you valuable (or once valuable) items which have extremely flexible uses, and Construction has a strong emphasis on cosmetics for your POH.
So when designing your new skill, contemplate what the endgame of your skill looks like. For example, if you are proposing a Gathering skill, what is the Production skill tie-in, and what is the endgame goal of that Production skill? Maybe your new skill Spelunking has an endgame in gathering rare collectibles that can be shown off in your POH. Maybe your new skill Necromancy functions like a Support skill, giving you followers that help speed along resource gathering, and letting you move faster to the endgame goal of the respective Production skill. Whatever it is, a proper, clear, and unified view of an endgame goal helps a skill feel like it serves a distinct and valuable purpose. Note that this could mean that you require multiple skills to be released simultaneously for each to feed into each other and form an appropriate endgame. In that case, go for it – don’t make it a repeat of RS3’s Divination, a Gathering skill left hanging without the appropriate Production skill partner of Invention for over 2 years.
A good example of a skill with a direct endgame is… most of them. Combat is a well-accepted endgame, and traditionally, most skills are intended to lend a hand in combat whether by supplies or gear. A skill with a poor endgame would be Hunter: Hunter is so scattered in its ultimate endgame goals, trying to touch on small aspects of everything like combat gear, weight reduction, production, niche skilling tools, and food. There’s a very poor sense of identity to Hunter’s endgame, and it doesn’t help that very few of these rewards are actually viable or interesting in the current day. Similarly, while Slayer has a strong endgame goal it is terrible in its methodology, overshadowing other Production skills in their explicit purpose. A better design for Slayer’s endgame would have been to treat it as a secondary Gathering skill, to work almost like a catalyst for other Gathering-Production skill relationships. In this mindset, Slayer is where you gather valuable monster drops, combine it with traditional Gathering resources like ores from Mining, then use a Production skill like Smithing to meld them into the powerful gear that is present today. This would have kept other Gathering and Production skills at the forefront of their specialities, in contrast to today’s situation where Slayer will give fully assembled gear that’s better than anything you could receive from the appropriate skills (barring a few items that need a Production skill to piece together).

3-15 - Alternate Goals

From a game design perspective, skills are so far reaching that it can be tempting to use them to shift major game mechanics to a more favourable position. Construction is an example of this idea in action: Construction was very intentionally designed to be a massive gold sink to help a hyperinflating economy. Everything about it takes gold out of the game, whether through using a sawmill, buying expensive supplies from stores, adding rooms, or a shameless piece of furniture costing 100m that is skinned as, well, 100m on a shameless piece of furniture.
If you’re clever about it, skills are a legitimately good opportunity for such change. Sure, the gold sink is definitely a controversial feature of Construction, but for the most part it’s organic and makes sense; fancy houses and fancy cosmetics are justifiably expensive. It is notable that the controversy over Construction’s gold sink mechanism is probably levied more against the cost of training, rather than the cost of all its wonderful aesthetics. Perhaps that should have been better accounted for in its design phase, but now it is quite set in stone.
To emphasize that previous point: making large scale changes to the game through a new skill can work, but it must feel organic and secondary to the skill’s main purpose. Some people really disliked Warding because they felt it tried too hard to fix real, underlying game issues with mechanics that didn’t thematically fit or were overshadowing the skill’s Core. While this may or may not be true, if your new skill can improve the game’s integrity without sacrificing its own identity, you could avoid this argument entirely. If your skill Regency has a Core of managing global politics, but also happens to serve as a resource sink to help your failing citizens, then you’ve created a strong Core design while simultaneously improving the profitability of Gathering skills.

3-16 - The Combat No-Touch Rule

So, let’s take a moment to examine the great benefits and rationale of RS2’s Evolution of Combat:
This space has been reserved for unintelligible squabbling.
With that over, it’s obvious that the OSRS playerbase is not a big fan of making major changes to the combat system. If there’s anything that defines the OSRS experience, it has to be the janky and abusable combat system that we love. So, in the past 7 years of OSRS, how many times have you heard someone pitch a new combat skill? Practically no one ever has; a new combat skill, no matter how miniscule, would feel obtrusive to most players, and likely would not even receive 25% of votes in a poll. This goes right back to Section 3-5 – Integration, and the importance of preserving the fundamentals of OSRS’s design.
I know that my intention with this discussion was to be as definitive about skill design as possible, and in that spirit I should be delving into the design philosophy specifically behind combat skills, but I simply don’t see the benefit of me trying, and the conversation really doesn’t interest me that much. It goes without saying that as expansive as this discussion is, it does not cover every facet of skill design, which is a limitation both of my capabilities and desire to do so.

3-17 - Aesthetics

I don’t do aesthetics well. I like them, I want them, but I do not understand them; there are others much better equipped to discuss this topic than I. Nonetheless, here we go.
Since the dawn of OSRS, debates over art style and aesthetics have raged across Gielinor. After all, the OSRS Team is filled with modern day artists while OSRS is an ancient game. What were they supposed to do? Keep making dated graphics? Make content with a modernized and easily digestible style? Something in-between?
While many players shouted for more dated graphics, they were approached by an interesting predicament: which dated graphics did they want? We had a great selection present right from the start of OSRS: 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007. People hungry for nostalgia chose the era that they grew up in, leading to frequent requests for older models like the dragon or imp, most of which were denied by Jagex (except the old Mining rock models). But which era was OSRS supposed to follow?
Jagex elected to carve their own path, but not without heavy criticism especially closer to OSRS’s conception. However, they adapted to player requests and have since gone back and fixed many of the blatant early offenders (like the Kingdom of Kourend) and adopted a more consistent flavour, one that generally respects the art style of 2007. Even though it doesn’t always hit the mark, one has to appreciate the OSRS artists for making their best attempt and listening to feedback, and here’s to hoping that their art style examination mentioned in June 2020’s Gazette bears fruit.
But what exactly is the old school art style? There are simple systems by which most players judge it in OSRS, usually by asking questions like, “Would you believe if this existed in 2007?” More informed artists will start pointing out distinct features that permeated most content from back in the day, such as low quality textures, low poly models, low FPS animations, a “low fantasy” or grounded profile that appeals somewhat to realism, reducing cartoonish exaggerations, and keeping within the lore. Compiled with this, music and sound design help that art style come to life; it can be very hard on immersion when these don’t fit. An AGS would sound jarring if its special attack sounded like a weak dagger stab, and having to endure Country Jig while roaming Hosidius suddenly sweeps you off into a different universe.
But coming back to skill design, the art, models, and sound design tend to be some of the last features, mostly because the design phase doesn’t demand such a complete picture of a skill. However, simple concept art and models can vastly improve how a skill concept is communicated and comfort players who are concerned about maintaining that “old school feel.” This will be touched on again later in this discussion under Section 5-2 – Presentation and Beta Testing.

3-18 - Afterword

Now we’ve set down the modern standards for a new skill, but the statements that started this section bear repeating: the formula we’ve established does not automatically make a good or interesting skill, as hard as we might have tried. Once again, harken back to the First Great Irony: that we are trying to inject the modern interpretation of what defines a skill upon a game that was not necessarily built to contain it. Therefore, one could just as easily deny each of the components described above, as popular or unpopular as the act might be, and their opinion could be equally valid and all this effort meaningless. Don’t take these guidelines with such stringency as to disregard all other views.

5-0 - The OSRS Team and the Design Process

If you’ve followed me all the way here, you’re likely A) exhausted and fed up of any conversation concerning new skills, or B) excited, because you’ve just struck an incredible skill idea (or perhaps one that’s always hung around your head) that happens to tick off all the above checkboxes. But unfortunately for you B types, it’s about to get pretty grim, because we’re going to go through every aspect of skill design that’s exterior to the game itself. We’ll be touching on larger topics like democracy, presentation, player mindsets, effort, and resource consumption. It’ll induce a fantastic bout of depression, so don’t get left behind.

5-1 - Designing a Skill

Thus far, Jagex has offered three potential skills to OSRS, each of which has been denied. This gives us the advantage of understanding how the skill design process works behind the scenes and lets us examine some of the issues Jagex has faced with presenting a skill to the players.
The first problem is the “one strike and you’re out” phenomenon. Simply put, players don’t like applying much effort into reading and learning. They’ll look at a developer blog highlighting a new skill idea, and if you’re lucky they’ll even read the whole thing, but how about the second developer blog? The third? Fourth? Even I find it hard to get that far. In general, people don’t like long detail-heavy essays or blogs, which is why I can invoke the ancient proverb “Ban Emily” into this post and it’ll go (almost) completely unnoticed. No matter how many improvements you make between developer blogs, you will quickly lose players with each new iteration. Similarly, developer blogs don’t have the time to talk about skill design philosophy or meta-analyse their ideas – players would get lost far too fast. This is the Second Great Irony of skill design: the more iterations you have of a lengthy idea, the less players will keep up with you.
This was particularly prominent with Warding: Battle Wards were offered in an early developer blog but were quickly cut when Jagex realized how bad the idea was. Yet people would still cite Battle Wards as the reason they voted against Warding, despite the idea having been dropped several blogs before. Similarly, people would often comment that they hated that Warding was being polled multiple times; it felt to them like Jagex was trying to brute-force it into the game. But Warding was only ever polled once, and only after the fourth developer blog - the confusion was drawn from how many times the skill was reiterated and from the length of the public design process. Sure, there are people for whom this runs the opposite way; they keep a close eye on updates and judge a piece of content on the merits of the latest iteration, but this is much less common. You could argue that one should simply disregard the ignorant people as blind comments don't contribute to the overall discussion, but you should remember that these players are also the ones voting for the respective piece of content. You could also suggest re-educating them, which is exactly what Jagex attempts with each developer blog, and still people won’t get the memo. And when it comes to the players themselves, can the playerbase really be relied on to re-educate itself?
Overall, the Second Great irony really hurts the development process and is practically an unavoidable issue. What’s the alternative? To remove the developer-player interface that leads to valuable reiterations, or does you simply have to get the skill perfect in the first developer blog?
It’s not an optimal idea, but it could help: have a small team of “delegates” – larger names that players can trust, or player influencers – come in to review a new, unannounced skill idea under NDA. If they like it, chances are that other players will too. If they don’t, reiterate or toss out the skill before it’s public. That way, you’ve had a board of experienced players who are willing to share their opinions to the public helping to determine the meat and potatoes of the skill before it is introduced to the casual eye. Now, a more polished and well-accepted product can be presented on the first run of selling a skill to the public, resulting in less reiterations being required, and demanding less effort from the average player to be fully informed over the skill’s final design.

5-2 - Presentation and Beta Testing

So you’ve got a great idea, but how are you going to sell it to the public? Looking at how the OSRS Team has handled it throughout the years, there’s a very obvious learning curve occurring. Artisan had almost nothing but text blogs being thrown to the players, Sailing started introducing some concept art and even a trailer with terrible audio recording, and Warding had concept art, in game models, gifs, and a much fancier trailer with in-game animations. A picture or video is worth a thousand words, and often the only words that players will take out of a developer blog.
You might say that presentation is everything, and that would be more true in OSRS than most games. Most activities in OSRS are extremely basic, involve minimal thought, and are incredibly grindy. Take Fishing: you click every 20 seconds on a fishing spot that is randomly placed along a section of water, get rid of your fish, then keep clicking those fishing spots. Boiling it down further, you click several arbitrary parts of your computer screen every 20 seconds. It’s hardly considered engaging, so why do some people enjoy it? Simply put: presentation. You’re given a peaceful riverside environment to chill in, you’re collecting a bunch of pixels shaped like fish, and a number tracking your xp keeps ticking up and telling you that it matters.
Now imagine coming to the players with a radical new skill idea: Mining. You describe that Mining is where you gather ores that will feed into Smithing and help create gear for players to use. The audience ponders momentarily, but they’re not quite sure it feels right and ask for a demonstration. You show them some gameplay, but your development resources were thin and instead of rocks, you put trees as placeholders. Instead of ores in your inventory, you put logs as placeholders. Instead of a pickaxe, your character is swinging a woodcutting axe as a placeholder. Sure, the mechanics might act like mining instead of woodcutting, but how well is the skill going to sell if you haven’t presented it correctly or respected it contextually?
Again, presentation is everything. Players need to be able to see the task they are to perform, see the tools they’ll use, and see the expected outcomes; otherwise, whatever you’re trying to sell will feel bland and unoriginal. And this leads to the next level of skill presentation that has yet to be employed: Beta Worlds.
Part of getting the feel of an activity is not just watching, it but acting it out as well - you’ll never understand the thrill of skydiving unless you’ve actually been skydiving. Beta Worlds are that chance for players to act out a concept without risking the real game’s health. A successful Beta can inspire confidence in players that the skill has a solid Core and interesting Expansions, while a failed Beta will make them glad that they got to try it and be fully informed before putting the skill to a poll (although that might be a little too optimistic for rage culture). Unfortunately, Betas are not without major disadvantages, the most prominent of which we shall investigate next.

5-3 - Development Effort

If you thought that the previous section on Skill Design Philosophy was lengthy and exhausting, imagine having to know all that information and then put it into practice. Mentally designing a skill in your head can be fun, but putting all that down on paper and making it actually work together, feel fully fleshed out, and following all the modern standards that players expect is extremely heavy work, especially when it’s not guaranteed to pay off in the polls like Quest or Slayer content. That’s not even taking into account the potentially immense cost of developing a new skill should it pass a poll.
Whenever people complain that Jagex is wasting their resources trying to make that specific skill work, Jagex has been very explicit about the costs to pull together a design blog being pretty minimal. Looking at the previous blogs, Jagex is probably telling the truth. It’s all just a bunch of words, a couple art sketches, and maybe a basic in-game model or gif. Not to downplay the time it takes to write well, design good models, or generate concept art, but it’s nothing like the scale of resources that some players make it out to be. Of course, if a Beta was attempted as suggested last section, this conversation would take a completely new turn, and the level of risk to invested resources would exponentially increase. But this conversation calls to mind an important question: how much effort and resources do skills require to feel complete?
Once upon a time, you could release a skill which was more or less unfinished. Take Slayer: it was released in 2005 with a pretty barebones structure. The fundamentals were all there, but the endgame was essentially a couple cool best-in-slot weapons and that was it. Since then, OSRS has updated the skill to include a huge Reward Shop system, feature 50% more monsters to slay, and to become an extremely competitive money-maker. Skills naturally undergo development over time, but it so often comes up during the designing of an OSRS skill that it "doesn't have enough to justify its existence." This was touched on deeply in Section 3-13 – Skill Bloat, but deserves reiterating here. While people recognize that skills continually evolve, the modern standard expects a new skill, upon release, to be fully preassembled before purchase. Whereas once you could get away with releasing just a skill's Core and working on Expansions down the line, that is no longer the case. But perhaps a skill might stand a better chance now than it did last year, given that the OSRS Team has doubled in number since that time.
However, judging from the skill design phases that have previously been attempted (as we’ve yet to see a skill development phase), the heaviest cost has been paid in developer mentality and motivational loss. When a developer is passionate about an idea, they spend their every waking hour pouring their mind into how that idea is going to function, especially while they’re not at work. And then they’re obligated to take player feedback and adapt their ideas, sometimes starting from scratch, particularly over something as controversial as a skill. Even if they have tough enough skin to take the heavy criticism that comes with skill design, having to write and rewrite repeatedly over the same idea to make it “perfect” is mentally exhausting. Eventually, their motivation drains as their labour bears little fruit with the audience, and they simply want to push it to the poll and be done with it. Even once all their cards are down, there’s still no guarantee that their efforts will be rewarded, even less so when it comes to skills.
With such a high mental cost with a low rate of success, you have to ask, “Was it worth it?” And that’s why new skill proposals are far and few between. A new skill used to be exciting for the development team in the actual days of 2007, as they had the developmental freedom to do whatever they wanted, but in the modern day that is not so much the case.

5-4 - The Problems of Democracy

Ever since the conceptualization of democracy in the real world, people have been very aware of its disadvantages. And while I don’t have the talent, knowledge, or time to discuss every one of these factors, there are a few that are very relevant when it comes to the OSRS Team and the polling process.
But first we should recognize the OSRS Team’s relationship with the players. More and more, the Team acts like a government to its citizens, the players, and although this situation was intentionally instated with OSRS’s release, it’s even more prominent now. The Team decides the type of content that gets to go into a poll, and the players get their input over whether that particular piece makes it in. Similarly, players make suggestions to the Team that, in many cases, the Team hadn’t thought of themselves. This synergy is phenomenal and almost unheard of among video games, but the polling system changes the mechanics of this relationship.
Polls were introduced to the burned and scarred population of players at OSRS’s release in 2013. Many of these players had just freshly come off RS2 after a series of disastrous updates or had quit long before from other controversies. The Squeal of Fortune, the Evolution of Combat, even the original Wilderness Removal had forced numerous players out and murdered their trust in Jagex. To try and get players to recommit to Runescape, Jagex offered OSRS a polling system by which the players would determine what went into the game, where the players got to hold all the cards. They also asked the players what threshold should be required for polled items to pass, and among the odd 50% or 55% being shouted out, the vast majority of players wanted 70%, 75%, 80%, or even 85%. There was a massive population in favour of a conservative game that would mostly remain untouched, and therefore kept pure from the corruption RS2 had previously endured.
Right from the start, players started noticing holes in this system. After all, the OSRS Team was still the sole decider of what would actually be polled in the first place. Long-requested changes took forever to be polled (if ever polled at all) if the OSRS Team didn’t want to deal with that particular problem or didn’t like that idea. Similarly, the Team essentially had desk jobs with a noose kept around their neck – they could perform almost nothing without the players, their slave masters, seeing, criticizing, and tearing out every inch of developmental or visionary freedom they had. Ever hear about the controversy of Erin the duck? Take a look at the wiki or do a search through the subreddit history. It’s pretty fantastic, and a good window into the minds of the early OSRS playerbase.
But as the years have gone on, the perspective of the players has shifted. There is now a much healthier and more trusting relationship between them and the Team, much more flexibility in what the players allow the Team to handle, and a much greater tolerance and even love of change.
But the challenges of democracy haven’t just fallen away. Everyone having the right to vote is a fundamental tenet of the democratic system, but unfortunately that also means that everyone has the right to vote. For OSRS, that means that every member, whether it’s their first day in game, their ten thousandth hour played, those who have no idea about what the poll’s about, those who haven’t read a single quest (the worst group), those who RWT and bot, those who scam and lure, and every professional armchair developer like myself get to vote. In short, no one will ever be perfectly informed on every aspect of the game, or at least know when to skip when they should. Similarly, people will almost never vote in favour of making their game harder, even at the cost of game integrity, or at least not enough people would vote in such a fashion to reach a 75% majority.
These issues are well recognized. The adoption of the controversial “integrity updates” was Jagex’s solution to these problems. In this way, Jagex has become even more like a government to the players. The average citizen of a democratic country cannot and will not make major decisions that favour everyone around themselves if it comes at a personal cost. Rather, that’s one of the major roles of a government: to make decisions for changes for the common good that an individual can’t or won’t make on their own. No one’s going to willingly hand over cash to help repave a road on the opposite side of the city – that’s why taxes are a necessary evil. It’s easy to see that the players don’t always know what’s best for their game and sometimes need to rely on that parent to decide for them, even if it results in some personal loss.
But players still generally like the polls, and Jagex still appears to respect them for the most part. Being the government of the game, Jagex could very well choose to ignore them, but would risk the loss of their citizens to other lands. And there are some very strong reasons to keep them: the players still like having at least one hand on the wheel when it comes to new content or ideas. Also, it acts as a nice veto card should Jagex try to push RS3’s abusive tactics on OSRS and therefore prevent such potential damage.
But now we come to the topic of today: the introduction of a new skill. Essentially, a new skill must pass a poll in order to enter the game. While it’s easy to say, “If a skill idea is good enough, it’ll pass the threshold,” that’s not entirely true. The only skill that could really pass the 75% mark is not necessarily a well-designed skill, but rather a crowd-pleasing skill. While the two aren’t mutually exclusive, the latter is far easier to make than the former. Take Dungeoneering: if you were to poll it today as an exact replica of RS2’s version, it would likely be the highest scoring skill yet, perhaps even passing, despite every criticism that’s been previously emphasized describing why it has no respect for the current definition of “skill.” Furthermore, a crowd-pleasing skill can easily fall prey to deindividualization of vision and result in a bland “studio skill” (in the same vein as a “studio film”), one that feels manufactured by a board of soulless machines rather than a director’s unique creation. This draws straight back to the afore-mentioned issues with democracy: that people A) don’t always understand what they’re voting for or against, and B) people will never vote for something that makes their game tougher or results in no benefit to oneself. Again, these were not issues in the old days of RS2, but are the problems we face with our modern standards and decision making systems.
The reality that must be faced is that the polling system is not an engine of creation nor is it a means of constructive feedback – it’s a system of judgement, binary and oversimplified in its methodology. It’s easy to interact with and requires no more than 10 seconds of a player’s time, a mere mindless moment, to decide the fate of an idea made by an individual or team, regardless of their deep or shallow knowledge of game mechanics, strong or weak vision of design philosophy, great or terrible understanding of the game’s history, and their awareness of blindness towards the modern community. It’s a system which disproportionately boils down the quality of discussion that is necessitated by a skill, which gives it the same significance as the question “Should we allow players to recolour the Rocky pet by feeding it berries?” with the only available answers being a dualistic “This idea is perfect and should be implemented exactly as outlined” or “This idea is terrible and should never be spoken of again.”
So what do you do? Let Jagex throw in whatever they want? Reduce the threshold, or reduce it just for skills? Make a poll that lists a bunch of skills and forces the players to choose one of them to enter the game? Simply poll the question, “Should we have a new skill?” then let Jagex decide what it is? Put more options on the scale of “yes” to “no” and weigh each appropriately? All these options sound distasteful because there are obvious weaknesses to each. But that is the Third Great Irony we face: an immense desire for a new skill, but no realistic means to ever get one.

6-0 - Conclusion

I can only imagine that if you’ve truly read everything up to this point, it’s taken you through quite the rollercoaster. We’ve walked through the history of OSRS skill attempts, unconstructive arguments, various aspects of modern skill design philosophy, and the OSRS Team and skill design process. When you take it all together, it’s easy to get overwhelmed by all the thought that needs to go into a modern skill and all the issues that might prevent its success. Complexity, naming conventions, categorizations, integration, rewards and motivations, bankstanding and buyables, the difficulties of skill bloat, balancing, and skill endgames, aesthetics, the design process, public presentation, development effort, democracy and polling - these are the challenges of designing and introducing modern skills. To have to cope with it all is draining and maybe even impossible, and therefore it begs the question: is trying to get a new skill even worth it?
Thanks for reading.
Tl;dr: Designing a modern skill requires acknowledging the vast history of Runescape, understanding why players make certain criticisms and what exactly they’re saying in terms of game mechanics, before finally developing solutions. Only then can you subject your ideas to a polling system that is built to oversimplify them.
submitted by ScreteMonge to 2007scape [link] [comments]

An introduction to Linux through Windows Subsystem for Linux

I'm working as an Undergraduate Learning Assistant and wrote this guide to help out students who were in the same boat I was in when I first took my university's intro to computer science course. It provides an overview of how to get started using Linux, guides you through setting up Windows Subsystem for Linux to run smoothly on Windows 10, and provides a very basic introduction to Linux. Students seemed to dig it, so I figured it'd help some people in here as well. I've never posted here before, so apologies if I'm unknowingly violating subreddit rules.

An introduction to Linux through Windows Subsystem for Linux

GitHub Pages link

Introduction and motivation

tl;dr skip to next section
So you're thinking of installing a Linux distribution, and are unsure where to start. Or you're an unfortunate soul using Windows 10 in CPSC 201. Either way, this guide is for you. In this section I'll give a very basic intro to some of options you've got at your disposal, and explain why I chose Windows Subsystem for Linux among them. All of these have plenty of documentation online so Google if in doubt.

Setting up WSL

So if you've read this far I've convinced you to use WSL. Let's get started with setting it up. The very basics are outlined in Microsoft's guide here, I'll be covering what they talk about and diving into some other stuff.

1. Installing WSL

Press the Windows key (henceforth Winkey) and type in PowerShell. Right-click the icon and select run as administrator. Next, paste in this command:
dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart 
Now you'll want to perform a hard shutdown on your computer. This can become unecessarily complicated because of Window's fast startup feature, but here we go. First try pressing the Winkey, clicking on the power icon, and selecting Shut Down while holding down the shift key. Let go of the shift key and the mouse, and let it shutdown. Great! Now open up Command Prompt and type in
wsl --help 
If you get a large text output, WSL has been successfully enabled on your machine. If nothing happens, your computer failed at performing a hard shutdown, in which case you can try the age-old technique of just holding down your computer's power button until the computer turns itself off. Make sure you don't have any unsaved documents open when you do this.

2. Installing Ubuntu

Great! Now that you've got WSL installed, let's download a Linux distro. Press the Winkey and type in Microsoft Store. Now use the store's search icon and type in Ubuntu. Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux distribution, and seems to have the best integration with WSL, so that's what we'll be going for. If you want to be quirky, here are some other options. Once you type in Ubuntu three options should pop up: Ubuntu, Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, and Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
![Windows Store]( Installing plain-old "Ubuntu" will mean the app updates whenever a new major Ubuntu distribution is released. The current version (as of 09/02/2020) is Ubuntu 20.04.1 LTS. The other two are older distributions of Ubuntu. For most use-cases, i.e. unless you're running some software that will break when upgrading, you'll want to pick the regular Ubuntu option. That's what I did.
Once that's done installing, again hit Winkey and open up Ubuntu. A console window should open up, asking you to wait a minute or two for files to de-compress and be stored on your PC. All future launches should take less than a second. It'll then prompt you to create a username and password. I'd recommend sticking to whatever your Windows username and password is so that you don't have to juggle around two different usepassword combinations, but up to you.
Finally, to upgrade all your packages, type in
sudo apt-get update 
And then
sudo apt-get upgrade 
apt-get is the Ubuntu package manager, this is what you'll be using to install additional programs on WSL.

3. Making things nice and crispy: an introduction to UNIX-based filesystems

tl;dr skip to the next section
The two above steps are technically all you need for running WSL on your system. However, you may notice that whenever you open up the Ubuntu app your current folder seems to be completely random. If you type in pwd (for Print Working Directory, 'directory' is synonymous with 'folder') inside Ubuntu and hit enter, you'll likely get some output akin to /home/. Where is this folder? Is it my home folder? Type in ls (for LiSt) to see what files are in this folder. Probably you won't get any output, because surprise surprise this folder is not your Windows home folder and is in fact empty (okay it's actually not empty, which we'll see in a bit. If you type in ls -a, a for All, you'll see other files but notice they have a period in front of them. This is a convention for specifying files that should be hidden by default, and ls, as well as most other commands, will honor this convention. Anyways).
So where is my Windows home folder? Is WSL completely separate from Windows? Nope! This is Windows Subsystem for Linux after all. Notice how, when you typed pwd earlier, the address you got was /home/. Notice that forward-slash right before home. That forward-slash indicates the root directory (not to be confused with the /root directory), which is the directory at the top of the directory hierarchy and contains all other directories in your system. So if we type ls /, you'll see what are the top-most directories in your system. Okay, great. They have a bunch of seemingly random names. Except, shocker, they aren't random. I've provided a quick run-down in Appendix A.
For now, though, we'll focus on /mnt, which stands for mount. This is where your C drive, which contains all your Windows stuff, is mounted. So if you type ls /mnt/c, you'll begin to notice some familiar folders. Type in ls /mnt/c/Users, and voilà, there's your Windows home folder. Remember this filepath, /mnt/c/Users/. When we open up Ubuntu, we don't want it tossing us in this random /home/ directory, we want our Windows home folder. Let's change that!

4. Changing your default home folder

Type in sudo vim /etc/passwd. You'll likely be prompted for your Ubuntu's password. sudo is a command that gives you root privileges in bash (akin to Windows's right-click then selecting 'Run as administrator'). vim is a command-line text-editing tool, which out-of-the-box functions kind of like a crummy Notepad (you can customize it infinitely though, and some people have insane vim setups. Appendix B has more info). /etc/passwd is a plaintext file that historically was used to store passwords back when encryption wasn't a big deal, but now instead stores essential user info used every time you open up WSL.
Anyway, once you've typed that in, your shell should look something like this: ![vim /etc/passwd](
Using arrow-keys, find the entry that begins with your Ubuntu username. It should be towards the bottom of the file. In my case, the line looks like
See that cringy, crummy /home/pizzatron3000? Not only do I regret that username to this day, it's also not where we want our home directory. Let's change that! Press i to initiate vim's -- INSERT -- mode. Use arrow-keys to navigate to that section, and delete /home/ by holding down backspace. Remember that filepath I asked you to remember? /mnt/c/Users/. Type that in. For me, the line now looks like
Next, press esc to exit insert mode, then type in the following:
The : tells vim you're inputting a command, w means write, and q means quit. If you've screwed up any of the above sections, you can also type in :q! to exit vim without saving the file. Just remember to exit insert mode by pressing esc before inputting commands, else you'll instead be writing to the file.
Great! If you now open up a new terminal and type in pwd, you should be in your Window's home folder! However, things seem to be lacking their usual color...

5. Importing your configuration files into the new home directory

Your home folder contains all your Ubuntu and bash configuration files. However, since we just changed the home folder to your Window's home folder, we've lost these configuration files. Let's bring them back! These configuration files are hidden inside /home/, and they all start with a . in front of the filename. So let's copy them over into your new home directory! Type in the following:
cp -r /home//. ~ 
cp stands for CoPy, -r stands for recursive (i.e. descend into directories), the . at the end is cp-specific syntax that lets it copy anything, including hidden files, and the ~ is a quick way of writing your home directory's filepath (which would be /mnt/c/Users/) without having to type all that in again. Once you've run this, all your configuration files should now be present in your new home directory. Configuration files like .bashrc, .profile, and .bash_profile essentially provide commands that are run whenever you open a new shell. So now, if you open a new shell, everything should be working normally. Amazing. We're done!

6. Tips & tricks

Here are two handy commands you can add to your .profile file. Run vim ~/.profile, then, type these in at the top of the .profile file, one per line, using the commands we discussed previously (i to enter insert mode, esc to exit insert mode, :wq to save and quit).
alias rm='rm -i' makes it so that the rm command will always ask for confirmation when you're deleting a file. rm, for ReMove, is like a Windows delete except literally permanent and you will lose that data for good, so it's nice to have this extra safeguard. You can type rm -f to bypass. Linux can be super powerful, but with great power comes great responsibility. NEVER NEVER NEVER type in rm -rf /, this is saying 'delete literally everything and don't ask for confirmation', your computer will die. Newer versions of rm fail when you type this in, but don't push your luck. You've been warned. Be careful.
export DISPLAY=:0 if you install XLaunch VcXsrv, this line allows you to open graphical interfaces through Ubuntu. The export sets the environment variable DISPLAY, and the :0 tells Ubuntu that it should use the localhost display.

Appendix A: brief intro to top-level UNIX directories

tl;dr only mess with /mnt, /home, and maybe maybe /usr. Don't touch anything else.
  • bin: binaries, contains Ubuntu binary (aka executable) files that are used in bash. Here you'll find the binaries that execute commands like ls and pwd. Similar to /usbin, but bin gets loaded earlier in the booting process so it contains the most important commands.
  • boot: contains information for operating system booting. Empty in WSL, because WSL isn't an operating system.
  • dev: devices, provides files that allow Ubuntu to communicate with I/O devices. One useful file here is /dev/null, which is basically an information black hole that automatically deletes any data you pass it.
  • etc: no idea why it's called etc, but it contains system-wide configuration files
  • home: equivalent to Window's C:/Users folder, contains home folders for the different users. In an Ubuntu system, under /home/ you'd find the Documents folder, Downloads folder, etc.
  • lib: libraries used by the system
  • lib64 64-bit libraries used by the system
  • mnt: mount, where your drives are located
  • opt: third-party applications that (usually) don't have any dependencies outside the scope of their own package
  • proc: process information, contains runtime information about your system (e.g. memory, mounted devices, hardware configurations, etc)
  • run: directory for programs to store runtime information.
  • srv: server folder, holds data to be served in protocols like ftp, www, cvs, and others
  • sys: system, provides information about different I/O devices to the Linux Kernel. If dev files allows you to access I/O devices, sys files tells you information about these devices.
  • tmp: temporary, these are system runtime files that are (in most Linux distros) cleared out after every reboot. It's also sort of deprecated for security reasons, and programs will generally prefer to use run.
  • usr: contains additional UNIX commands, header files for compiling C programs, among other things. Kind of like bin but for less important programs. Most of everything you install using apt-get ends up here.
  • var: variable, contains variable data such as logs, databases, e-mail etc, but that persist across different boots.
Also keep in mind that all of this is just convention. No Linux distribution needs to follow this file structure, and in fact almost all will deviate from what I just described. Hell, you could make your own Linux fork where /mnt/c information is stored in tmp.

Appendix B: random resources

EDIT: implemented various changes suggested in the comments. Thanks all!
submitted by HeavenBuilder to linux4noobs [link] [comments]

MAME 0.223

MAME 0.223

MAME 0.223 has finally arrived, and what a release it is – there’s definitely something for everyone! Starting with some of the more esoteric additions, Linus Åkesson’s AVR-based hardware chiptune project and Power Ninja Action Challenge demos are now supported. These demos use minimal hardware to generate sound and/or video, relying on precise CPU timings to work. With this release, every hand-held LCD game from Nintendo’s Game & Watch and related lines is supported in MAME, with Donkey Kong Hockey bringing up the rear. Also of note is the Bassmate Computer fishing aid, made by Nintendo and marketed by Telko and other companies, which is clearly based on the dual-screen Game & Watch design. The steady stream of TV games hasn’t stopped, with a number of French releases from Conny/VideoJet among this month’s batch.
For the first time ever, games running on the Barcrest MPU4 video system are emulated well enough to be playable. Titles that are now working include several games based on the popular British TV game show The Crystal Maze, Adders and Ladders, The Mating Game, and Prize Tetris. In a clear win for MAME’s modular architecture, the breakthrough came through the discovery of a significant flaw in our Motorola MC6840 Programmable Timer Module emulation that was causing issues for the Fairlight CMI IIx synthesiser. In the same manner, the Busicom 141-PF desk calculator is now working, thanks to improvements made to Intel 4004 CPU emulation that came out of emulating the INTELLEC 4 development system and the prototype 4004-based controller board for Flicker pinball. The Busicom 141-PF is historically significant, being the first application of Intel’s first microprocessor.
Fans of classic vector arcade games are in for a treat this month. Former project coordinator Aaron Giles has contributed netlist-based sound emulation for thirteen Cinematronics vector games: Space War, Barrier, Star Hawk, Speed Freak, Star Castle, War of the Worlds, Sundance, Tail Gunner, Rip Off, Armor Attack, Warrior, Solar Quest and Boxing Bugs. This resolves long-standing issues with the previous simulation based on playing recorded samples. Colin Howell has also refined the sound emulation for Midway’s 280-ZZZAP and Gun Fight.
V.Smile joystick inputs are now working for all dumped cartridges, and with fixes for ROM bank selection the V.Smile Motion software is also usable. The accelerometer-based V.Smile Motion controller is not emulated, but the software can all be used with the standard V.Smile joystick controller. Another pair of systems with inputs that now work is the original Macintosh (128K/512K/512Ke) and Macintosh Plus. These systems’ keyboards are now fully emulated, including the separate numeric keypad available for the original Macintosh, the Macintosh Plus keyboard with integrated numeric keypad, and a few European ISO layout keyboards for the original Macintosh. There are still some emulation issues, but you can play Beyond Dark Castle with MAME’s Macintosh Plus emulation again.
In other home computer emulation news, MAME’s SAM Coupé driver now supports a number of peripherals that connect to the rear expansion port, a software list containing IRIX hard disk installations for SGI MIPS workstations has been added, and tape loading now works for the Specialist system (a DIY computer designed in the USSR).
Of course, there’s far more to enjoy, and you can read all about it in the whatsnew.txt file, or get the source and 64-bit Windows binary packages from the download page. (For brevity, promoted V.Smile software list entries and new Barcrest MPU4 clones made up from existing dumps have been omitted here.)

MAME Testers Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

Clones promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

Software list items promoted to working

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Merged pull requests

submitted by cuavas to emulation [link] [comments]

The Division 2 - Title Update 10 - Patch Notes

Title Update 10 - Patch Notes

*These are preliminary Patch Notes and changes may still happen until the launch of Title Update 10.

New Season – Keener’s Legacy

A new season is almost upon us! Starting on June 23rd, Keener’s Legacy offers 12 weeks of in-game activities and unique rewards. Season 2 brings a new Seasonal Manhunt, new Leagues, a new Global event and new unique rewards, as well as an Apparel Event.

New Raid - Operation Iron Horse

The True Sons have taken over a Foundry to develop new weapons and threaten to destroy everything the Division has worked for.
  • New bosses, puzzles and rewards!
  • Level 40 version available on June 30th, followed the next week by the level 30 version.
  • Discovery mode will become available at a later date.
  • Unique Rewards
    • 2 new Exotics
    • 2 new Gear Sets
    • New cosmetic rewards
  • Further details will become available closer to the raid’s release in late June.

Balance and Bug Fixes

Title Update 10 is bringing our first large balance pass following the release of Warlords of New York. Beyond the addition of new content, the update focuses on three main aspects mainly game health through bug fixes and balancing, generosity by increasing your chances to receive a high-quality item as loot and increasing overall player power. Scroll down for a full list of bug fixes, balancing changes and gameplay tweaks.

Missing Localized Audio

We wanted to inform you about an issue with localized audio that will be present when we launch Title Update 10 and Season 2. While the team was able to work from home to get this update ready, with your help testing the content on the PTS, we unfortunately were not able to record all localized audio content for TU10. With everything going on in the world, our top priority is the well-being of our teams, including our voice actors. Of course, we will start working on recording the missing audio with our partners when it is safe to do so and, in some cases, we were able to get things started already. Adding the localized files to the game as soon as we can in one of our next updates is an absolute priority for the team. This only affects Seasonal content. Operation Iron Horse audio is fully localized.
If you are currently playing with a non-English client, you don’t have to change anything going into Title Update 10. When localized audio is missing you will just hear the English audio instead. Subtitles have been localized and can be activated in the ingame options.
As work continues, we will update you on the progress of the integration here on the forums and on State of the Game.
Thank you and stay safe!

New Exotics

SRS Sniper Rifle: Mantis

  • Your scoped view displays additional information about enemies not targeting you
  • Your scoped view highlights enemy weakpoints
  • Headshot and weak point damage against enemies not targeting you amplified by 50%
  • Headshot kills reset the cooldown of the Decoy skill. This bonus will wait until the Decoy goes on cooldown if currently active

Mask: Vile

  • Status effects also apply a damage over time debuff for 10s
  • Total damage dealt is equal to 50% of your concussion grenade damage and increased by your status effect attributes

Double Barrel Rifle: The Ravenous (Operation Iron Horse)

  • On trigger-pull, fire both barrels at once
  • When fired from the right shoulder, hits add offensive primers, and defensive primers when fired from the left shoulder
  • Hits from one shoulder will detonate all of the opposite shoulder's primers when present
  • When detonated or affected enemy is killed, each offensive primer deals 100% weapon damage, while each defensive primer grants +4% bonus armor and +10% amplified damage to armor plates for 5s
  • Primer effectiveness is doubled at 10 stacks

Magnum Pistol: Regulus (Operation Iron Horse)

  • Headshot kills create a 5m explosion, dealing 400% weapon damage and applying bleed to all enemies hit.
  • High accuracy and base damage

New Gear Sets

Eclipse Protocol (Season 2)

  • Core: Skill Tier (Yellow)
  • 2: +15% Status Effects
  • 3: +15% Skill Haste and +30% Hazard Protection
  • 4: "Indirect Transmission" Your status effects now spread on kill to all enemies within 15m and refresh 50% of the duration.
  • Chest talent: "Proliferation" Increases Indirect Transmission range from 15m to 20m and refresh percentage from 50% to 75%
  • Backpack talent: "Symptom Aggravator" Amplifies all damage you deal to status affected targets by 15%

Foundry Bulwark (Operation Iron Horse)

  • Core: Armor (Blue)
  • 2: +10% Armor
  • 3: +3% Armor Regeneration
  • 4: "Makeshift Repairs" Whenever you or your shield take damage, 20% of that amount is repaired to both over 15s
  • Chest talent: "Process Refinery" Increases Makeshift Repairs from 20% to 30% over 15s
  • Backpack talent: "Improved Materials" Increases Makeshift Repairs speed from 15s to 10s

Future Initiative (Operation Iron Horse)

  • Core: Skill Tier (Yellow)
  • 2: +30% Repair Skills
  • 3: +30% Skill Duration and +15% Skill Haste
  • 4: "Ground Control" Increases you and your allies' total weapon and skill damage by 15% when at full armor
  • When you repair an ally, you and all allies within 5m of you are also repaired for 60% of that amount
  • Chest talent: "Tactical Superiority" Increases Ground Control damage bonus from +15% to +25%
  • Backpack talent: "Advanced Combat Tactics" Increases Ground Control proximity repair from 60% to 120%

New Gear Brand

Walker, Harris & Co.

  • Core: Weapon Damage (Red)
  • 1: +5.0% Weapon Damage
  • 2: +5.0% Damage to Armor
  • 3: +5.0% Damage to Health

New Named Weapons

  • Mechanical Animal (SIG 556) with Future Perfection
    • Weapon kills grant +1 skill tier for 19s. Stacks up to 3 times.
    • Weapon kills at skill tier 6 grant overcharge for 15s.
    • Overcharge Cooldown: 90s
  • Harmony (Resolute MK47) with Perfectly In Sync
    • Hitting an enemy grants +20% skill damage for 5s.
    • Using a skill or damaging an enemy with a skill grants +20% weapon damage for 5s.
    • Damage increases are doubled while both buffs are active at the same time.

New Named Gear

  • Matador (Walker, Harris & Co. backpack) with Perfect Adrenaline Rush
    • When you are within 10m of an enemy, gain 23% bonus armor for 5s. Stacks up to 3 times.
    • Cooldown: 5s
    • Chainkiller (Walker, Harris & Co. chest) with Perfect Headhunter. After killing an enemy with a headshot, your next weapon hit within 30s deals 150% of that killing blow’s damage in addition to it.
    • Damage is capped to 800% of your weapon damage. This is raised to 1250% if your headshot damage is greater than 150%.

New Skill Variant

  • Repair Trap
    • The Repair Trap deploys a line of small devices capable of repairing friendlies in their proximity.
    • Note: The Repair Trap will not be available in-game until the Seasonal prime target unlocks in August.

New Talents

Weapon Talent: Future Perfect
  • Weapon kills grant +1 skill tier for 15s. Stacks up to 3 times.
  • Weapon kills at skill tier 6 grant overcharge for 15s.
  • Overcharge Cooldown: 90s
Weapon Talent: In Sync
  • Hitting an enemy grants +15% skill damage for 5s.
  • Using a skill or damaging an enemy with a skill grants +15% weapon damage for 5s.
  • Damage increases are doubled while both buffs are active at the same time.
Backpack Talent: Adrenaline Rush
  • When you are within 10m of an enemy, gain 20% bonus armor for 5s. Stacks up to 3 times.
  • Cooldown: 5s
Chest Talent: Headhunter
  • After killing an enemy with a headshot, your next weapon hit within 30s deals 125% of that killing blow’s damage in addition to it.
  • Damage is capped to 800% of your weapon damage. This is raised to 1250% if your headshot damage is greater than 150%.

Gameplay Changes


  • Reduced how many elites will spawn in the following mission:
    • Manning National Zoo
    • Coney Island Ballpark
    • Coney Island Amusement Park
    • Camp White Oak
    • Space Administration HQ
    • Federal Emergency Bunker
    • Wall Street
    • Liberty Island
    • Pathway Park
    • Stranded Tanker
    • The Tombs


  • General
    • Added all new season 2 weapons/gear to general loot pools
  • Item Power
    • Updated item power distribution to have a better spread between minimum and maximum for all difficulties
    • Increased minimum rolled item power for Field Proficiency/DZ caches, Clan caches and Season caches.
  • Difficulty Scaling
    • Regular loot from loot containers in Missions now scale with mission difficulty
    • Targeted loot from loot containers in Missions now scales with mission difficulty
    • Loot containers part of living world activities now scale with global difficulty
  • Targeted loot
    • Increased targeted loot drop chances for all mission and Control Point difficulties
    • Added new season 2 brand to targeted loot rotation
    • Warlords of New York brands can now also show up as targeted loot in DC, including Dark Zones
  • Named Items
    • Increased named item drop chance in regular Dark Zone loot
    • Increased named item drop chance in targeted loot everywhere
  • Exotics
    • Added Warlords of New York/Season 1 Exotics (excluding The Bighorn) to targeted loot
    • Added Warlords of New York/Season 1 Exotics (excluding The Bighorn) to general Exotic loot pools (Heroic/Legendary/Raid/Exotic Cache)
    • Coyote's Mask drop from Coyote no longer has a minimum season level requirement
  • Control Points
    • Removed regular weapon/gear loot containers not scaling with difficulty from Control Points
    • Increased the amount of scaling loot from the big Control Point reward container
  • Legendary
    • Increased NPC loot drop chance for Veterans and Elites on Legendary difficulty


  • Crafting will now guarantee a higher minimum item power, resulting in higher overall stat rolls. An increased maximum item power also allows for better crafted items than before. The added weighting between the minimum and maximum power results in a more balanced average outcome for crafted and reconfigured items
  • Removed final World Tier 5 crafting bench upgrade, as its power increase is now redundant


  • Added Named Items to both Open World and Dark Zone vendors
  • Increased prices for Named Items
  • Increased item power for all vendors
  • Vendors no longer sell Superior quality items at maximum level

SHD Levels

  • Added Field Proficiency cache to SHD level-up after reaching the maximum season level
  • Increased crafting material rewards for spending SHD level points in the Scavenging category


  • Added Season/SHD experience gain on Conflict level-up

Rogue Agent Encounters

  • Every Rogue Agent killed will now drop loot
  • Rogue Agent encounters no longer occur during time trials

Control Point Officers

  • Players revived by a Control Point Officer will now have 80% of their armor restored (Previously 0%)
  • Reduced the likelihood of Control Point Officers being downed in combat


  • Bounties acquired by speaking to characters in the open world will always be set to the difficulty at time of acquisition or higher.
  • This affects the Snitch and civilians rescued during the Public Execution or Rescue Living World Activities.
  • Scheduled bounties, such as daily and clan bounties, are unaffected.
Developer comment: Bounties acquired in the open world should always provide challenge and loot appropriate to the world they were acquired in. Upping your global difficulty now has the added benefit of improving all bounties you acquire within it.


  • New Season Pass Holder Project Slot.
    • Season Pass holders now have access to an exclusive daily mission which provides a large bonus to XP.
  • Weekly SHD Requisition Project Slot
    • Endgame players at World Tier 5 and Level 40 now have a weekly supplies donation project which rewards them with an exotic cache. (For World Tier 5 players, this replaces the previous daily SHD Requisition project.)
  • Legendary Mission Project
    • After TU10, completing any legendary mission will grant you the Weekly Legendary Mission project slot.
    • Completing the designated legendary mission will reward you with an exotic cache.
Developer comment: With the addition of "re-rolls" to exotics available through crafting, we created the new Weekly projects to provide a reliable supply of exotic components or exotic items.

RPG Balance


Incoming Repairs

  • Incoming Repairs no longer increases the amount of armor repaired by armor kits, talents or gear set effects.
Developer comment: Incoming Repairs was always meant to be the defensive attribute equivalent to Repair Skills, so that players could further enhance the amount of healing they receive from their skills, or the group's healer. Unfortunately, the underlying code prevented us from differentiating between alternate sources of armor repair, such as those from talents and gear sets like Foundry Bulwark, or Firewall's unique armor kit effect. We wanted to address this during the development of Warlords of New York, but chose to post-pone the fix in order to deal with higher priority issues at the time. We underestimated the extent to which this attribute would affect the new Warlords meta, and failed to predict the severity of degenerate gameplay it would cause when combined with certain talents or gear sets. It's important to stress that this is not a PvP-only issue, or an instance of the PvP environment affecting PvE balance. Incoming Repairs was compromising both aspects of the game, and needed to be addressed, especially considering this update coincides with the release of a new raid. Not addressing the issue would mean forcing ourselves to balance all existing and future gear and talents around the knowledge that players could potentially (read: very likely) double the amount of repairs they receive, which stifles creativity and effectively limits player choice.

Weapon Handling

  • 1% Weapon Handling now gives 1% Weapon Accuracy, Stability, Reload Speed, and Swap Speed, up from 0.25%.
  • Reduced the maximum amount of Weapon Handling rolled on gear by 6%, to a maximum of 8% at level 40.
Developer comment: In the current meta, Weapon Handling on gear is considered a dead stat with no significant benefit. In TU10, equipping a piece of gear with +8% Weapon Handling will now give you:
  • +8% Accuracy
  • +8% Stability
  • +8% Swap Speed
  • +8% Reload Speed
This should hopefully make Weapon Handling a strong complimentary attribute for players looking to increase their overall accuracy/stability (bloom + recoil) and/or reload/swap speed. Making the % amount of Weapon Accuracy/Stability/Swap Speed/Reload Speed gained from Weapon Handling 1:1 will also remove another element of arcane knowledge from the game and reduce the need for additional mental math when determining whether the bonus is an upgrade or not.

Talent Changes:

  • Leadership: Bonus Armor increased to 15% from 12%
  • Spike: Skill Damage Duration increased to 15s from 8s
  • Reformation: Skill Repair Duration increased to 15s from 8s
  • Creeping Death: No Longer goes on cooldown if there are no valid nearby enemies to apply a status effect to. Status effects applied now properly copy the source status effect’s damage and duration.


  • Global Damage Modifiers
    • Reduced all PvP weapon damage by -20%
  • Additional Damage Modifiers
    • Increased MMR PvP weapon damage by 12.5%
    • Reduced Assault Rifle PvP weapon damage by -15%
    • Reduced Shotgun PvP damage by -12.5%
    • Reduced SMG PvP damage by -10%
    • Reduced Pistol PvP damage by -10%
    • Reduced Rifle PvP damage by -5%
_Developer comment: With TU10, there have been significant buffs made to the base damage of assault rifles, SMGs, and shotguns in particular. In order to prevent those weapons from becoming overly powerful in PvP, we’ve had to lower their PvP damage modifiers to compensate.
Note: Assault rifles are still tuned to be 10% stronger than normal in PvP in order to compensate for their innate Damage to Health bonus being less useful against other players when compared to other weapon archetypes._
  • Specific Damage Modifiers
    • Increased Double Barrel Shotgun PvP damage by 16.6%
    • Reduced Pestilence PvP damage by -10%
    • Reduced Classic M1A damage by -5%
  • Exotic Modifiers
    • Merciless/Ruthless: “Binary Trigger” amplified weapon damage and explosion damage reduced by -50% in PvP
    • Dodge City Gunslinger’s Holster: “Quick Draw” damage bonus gained per stack in PvP lowered from +2% to +1%
      • Stacks gained per second in PvP now match the PvE value (0.5s to 0.3s)
    • Imperial Dynasty:
      • No longer automatically applies burn status effect to the nearest enemy in range.
      • Now requires maintaining range and LOS (line-of-sight) for 3 seconds between the holster bearer and nearest enemy before applying the burn status effect.
      • Added visual UI feedback to reveal the radius of effect in PvP and an indicator for LOS between the holster bearer and nearest enemy.
Developer comment: This should help address the lack of contextual feedback in PvP, and add a much needed window of opportunity for counterplay, or potential to avoid the incoming effect entirely.
  • * Pestilence * Plague of the Outcast damage-over-time effect no longer triggers True Patriot’s white debuff armor repair effect. (PvP and PvE)
Developer comment: While we like to embrace emergent or unintended mechanics when the end result is unique and fun gameplay, True Patriot’s white debuff explicitly states it requires shooting the debuffed target in order to receive the armor repair effect. Pestilence’s DoT managed to bypass this restriction, making it and True Patriot (especially when combined with Incoming Repairs) scale to disproportionate levels of power when used together.
  • Gear Set Modifiers
    • Negotiator’s Dilemma
      • Reduced the range at which marked targets can damage each other when critically hit to 15m (PvP only).
      • Added visual UI feedback when in range of another marked target.
  • Talent Modifiers
    • Efficient: Reduced specialization armor kit bonus from 100% to 50%
    • Versatile: Reduced the amplified weapon damage bonus for SMGs and shotguns from 35% to 25%
    • Vanguard: Reduced the duration of shield invulnerability from 5s to 2s
      • Note: UI will still show the old duration, but will be fixed in a later update.
    Specialization Modifiers * Firewall * Extracellular Matrix Mesh armor kit regen strength reduced by -50%, from 200% to 150%
  • Skill Modifiers
    • Pulse now correctly reveals and highlights all players in the DZ, not just hostiles/rogues
    • Increased Striker Drone damage by 30%
    • Increased Assault Turret damage by 55%
    • Reduced Firestarter Chem Launcher PvP damage by -20%
    • Reduced Bleed damage from Stinger Hive, Mortar Turret and Explosive Seeker Mine by 75%
    • Increased Stinger Hive damage by 20%, scaling up to 55% at skill tier 6
Developer commentary: We want dedicated skill builds to have multiple, powerful defensive tools for area denial/control. However, the strength of bleed effects meant being hit by just 1 stinger drone, mortar, or seeker mine was nearly a death sentence for most builds. The stinger hive should now better punish players who remain within its area of effect, rather than needing to rely entirely on the excessive damage of a single bleed DoT, while allowing the hive’s drone damage to scale higher for dedicated skill builds.

Weapon Balance


Assault Rifles

  • AK-M – 15.8% damage increase
  • F2000 – 14.3% damage increase
  • Military AK-M – 13.2% damage increase
  • Black Market AK-M – 13.2% damage increase
  • FAL – 12.0% damage increase
  • FAL SA-58 – 12.0% damage increase
  • FAL SA-58 Para – 12.0% damage increase
  • SOCOM Mk 16 – 11.4% damage increase
  • Tactical Mk 16 – 11.4% damage increase
  • Mk 16 – 11.4% damage increase
  • AUG A3-CQC – 11.2% damage increase
  • Honey Badger – 10.9% damage increase
  • FAMAS 2010 – 10.6% damage increase
  • ACR – 9.7% damage increase
  • ACR-E – 9.7% damage increase
  • Military G36 – 9.5% damage increase
  • G36 C – 9.5% damage increase
  • G36 Enhanced – 9.5% damage increase
  • Carbine 7 – 8.7 % damage increase
  • Military P416 – 7.4% damage increase
  • Custom P416 G3 - 7.4% damage increase
  • Police M4 – 6.8% damage increase
  • CTAR 21 – 8.6% damage increase


  • Classic M60 – 12.5% damage increase
  • Classic RPK-74 – 12.4% damage increase
  • Military RPK-74 M – 12.4% damage increase
  • Black Market RPK-74 E – 12.4% damage increase
  • Military M60 E4 – 9.2% damage increase
  • Black Market M60 E6 – 9.2% damage increase
  • Military L86 LSW – 8.5% damage increase
  • Custom L86 A2 – 8.5% damage increase
  • IWI NEGEV – 2.6% damage increase
  • Stoner LMG – 2.0% damage increase
  • M249 B – No changes
  • Tactical M249 Para – No changes
  • Military MK46 – No changes
  • MG5 – No changes
  • Infantry MG5 – 3.2% damage decrease


  • Model 700 – 14.9% damage increase
  • Hunting M44 – 13.5% damage increase
  • Classic M44 Carbine – 12.5% damage increase
  • G28 – 11.4% damage increase
  • SOCOM Mk20 SSR – 9.3% damage increase
  • SR-1 - 8.6% damage increase
  • Custom M44 – 8.1% damage increase
  • M700 Tactical – 8.1% damage increase
  • M700 Carbon – 8.1% damage increase
  • Covert SRS – 6.0% damage increase
  • SRS A1 – 6.0% damage increase
  • Surplus SVD – 2.9% damage decrease
  • Paratrooper SVD – 2.9% damage decrease


  • UIC15 MOD – 21.6% damage increase
  • 1886 – 21.3% damage increase
  • LVOA-C – 12.1% damage increase
  • M1A CQB – 10.7% damage increase
  • Lightweight M4 – 10.5% damage increase
  • G 716 CQB – 8.7% damage increase
  • SIG 716 – 6.7% damage increase
  • ACR SS – 3.7% damage increase
  • SOCOM M1A – No changes
  • M16A2 – No changes
  • USC .45 ACP - 2.8% damage decrease
  • Urban MDR – 5.5% damage decrease
  • Military Mk17 – 11.8% damage decrease
  • Police Mk17 - 11.8% damage decrease
  • Classic M1A - 12.6% damage decrease


  • Tommy Gun – 38.8% damage increase
  • PP-19 – 29.6% damage increase
  • Enhanced PP-19 – 29.6% damage increase
  • MP7 – 27.5% damage increase
  • MPX – 17.7% damage increase
  • M1928 – 20.0% damage increase
  • P90 – 15.6% damage increase
  • Converted SMG-9 – 15.8% damage increase
  • Black Market T821 – 15.4% damage increase
  • Police T821 – 15.4% damage increase
  • Vector SBR .45 ACP – 14.7% damage increase
  • CMMG Banshee – 12.5% damage increase
  • Police UMP-45 – 12.0% damage increase
  • Tactical UMP-45 – 12.0% damage increase
  • AUG A3 Para XS – 11.8% damage increase
  • Enhanced AUG A3P – 11.8 % damage increase
  • Tactical AUG A3P – 11.8% damage increase
  • Converted SMG-9 A2 – 11.6% damage increase
  • MP5A2 – 10.0% damage increase
  • MP5-N – 10.0% damage increase
  • MP5 ST – 10.0% damage increase
  • Tactical Vector SBR 9mm – 5.9% damage increase


  • M870 Express – 23.3% damage increase
  • Military M870 – 23.3% damage increase
  • Custom M870 MCS – 23.3% damage increase
  • Super 90 – 23.2% damage increase
  • Marine Super 90 – 23.2% damage increase
  • Tactical Super 90 SBS – 23.2% damage increase
  • SASG-12 – 21.3% damage increase
  • Tactical SASG-12 K – 21.3% damage increase
  • Black Market SASG-12 S – 21.3% damage increase
  • SPAS-12 – 18.6% damage increase
  • KSG Shotgun – 9.0% damage increase


  • Double Barrel Sawed Off Shotgun – Optimal Range reduced to 8m from 11m
  • 586 Magnum – 68.8% damage increase
  • Police 686 Magnum – 68.8% damage increase
  • Maxim 9 - 23.5% damage increase
  • D50 – 17.5% damage increase
  • First Wave PF45 – 13.5% damage increase
  • Custom PF45 – 9.7% damage increase
  • Military M9 – 8.7% damage increase
  • 93R - 7.7% damage increase
  • Snubnosed Diceros – 6.5% damage increase
  • Officer's M9 A1 – 6.3% damage increase
  • Diceros – 5.9% damage increase
  • M45A1 – 9.5% damage decrease
  • Tactical M1911 – 9.5% damage decrease
  • M1911 – 7.3% damage decrease

Exotics Changes

Developer comment: Along with the buffs to weapon damage, TU10's significant buff to weapon handling meant some exotic weapon mods no longer made sense or resulted in over tuned performance that no longer fit with the original design. We also took this opportunity to make improvements to underperforming exotic
The Bighorn
  • Damage increased by +11.2%
  • Increased optimal range from 27m to 40m
  • Optics mod bonus increased from +0% to +30% Headshot Damage
  • Magazine mod bonus changed from +7% Headshot Damage to +10% Reload Speed
  • Added functionality that provides additional headshot damage, full talent is now:
    • When scoped, switches to semi-automatic fire mode, dealing 450% weapon damage with each shot.
    • (New) Headshots grant +2% headshot damage. Stacks up to 50 times. Resets to 0 at full stacks.
Eagle Bearer
  • Damage increased by +7.8%
  • Underbarrel mod bonus changed from +10% Stability to +10% Weapon Handling
  • Damage increased by +32.8%
  • Optics mod bonus changed from +15% Accuracy to +15% Critical Hit Chance
  • Muzzle mod bonus changed from +5% Critical Hit Chance to +20% Accuracy
  • Underbarrel mod bonus changed from +10% Critical Hit Chance to +10% Stability
  • Optimal range increased by 33.3%, from 15m to 20m
  • Long range effectiveness increased by 19%, from 42m to 50m
  • Added functionality that retains your current buffs to the next combat encounter when combat ends, full talent is now:
    • Hitting 30 headshots grant +20% critical hit chance and +50% critical hit damage for 45s.
    • Hitting 75 body-shots grant +90% weapon damage for 45s.
    • Hitting 30 leg-shots grant +150% reload speed for 45s.
    • (New) Buffs refresh when out of combat.
Bullet King
  • Damage increased by +2.6%
  • Damage increased by +11.1%
  • Optics mod bonus increased from +35% to +45% Headshot Damage
  • Underbarrel mod bonus reduced from +15% to +5% Weapon Handling
  • Optics mod bonus changed from +5% Critical Hit Chance to +5% Headshot Damage
  • Muzzle mod bonus changed from +15% Stability to +5% Critical Hit Chance
  • Magazine mod bonus changed from +15% Reload Speed to +15% Weapon Handling
  • Added functionality to provide extra damage if you're trying to keep stacks, full talent is now:
    • (New) Hits grant +2% weapon damage. Stacks up to 30.
    • Headshots consume all stacks, repairing your shield for 3% per stack.
  • No longer highlights enemy weakpoints when aiming.
  • Damage increased by +12.5%
  • Muzzle mod bonus reduced from +20% to +10% Stability
  • Underbarrel mod bonus reduced from +20% to +10% Weapon Handling
  • Magazine mod bonus reduced from +15% to +10% Reload Speed
  • Added functionality to provide extra non-explosive damage as well, full talent is now:
    • This weapon fires on trigger pull and release.
    • If both bullets hit the same enemy, gain a stack.
    • (New) At 7 stacks, shooting an enemy deals 500% amplified damage and creates a 7m explosion dealing 500% weapon damage, consuming the stacks.
Developer Comment: Merciless was previously balanced for its very unwieldy handling and compensated with very high burst damage. With access to much higher accuracy and stability, Binary Trigger’s explosion strength has been toned down.
  • Damage increased by +7.7%
  • Text updated to clarify a new target isn’t marked until after the 5s buff.
Lullaby/Sweet Dreams
  • Damage increased by +11.0%
Lady Death
  • Damage increased by +18.9%
  • Optics mod bonus increased from +5% to +10% Critical Hit Chance
  • Muzzle mod bonus changed from +5% Critical Hit Chance to +5% Critical Hit Damage
  • Underbarrel mod changed from +5% Critical Hit Damage to +500% Melee Damage
  • Breathe Free: Lowered the amount of maximum stacks from 40 to 32, and increased the damage amplification per stack from 60% to 75%
The Chatterbox
  • Damage increased by +16.7%
  • Optics mod bonus increased from +5% to +15% Critical Hit Chance
  • Muzzle mod bonus changed from +10% Critical Hit Chance to +5% Critical Hit Damage
  • Underbarrel mod bonus reduced from +15% to +10% Weapon Handling
  • Magazine mod bonus changed from +10% Reload Speed to +10 Rounds
  • Magazine base capacity reduced from 60 to 50
  • Muzzle mod bonus changed from +10% Stability to +10% Accuracy
  • Underbarrel mod bonus changed from +10% Weapon Handling to +10% Stability
NinjaBike Messenger Kneepads
  • Added functionality to add bonus armor, full talent is now:
    • (New) Performing a cover to cover or vaulting reloads your drawn weapon and grants +25% bonus armor for 5s.
Dodge City Gunslinger Holster
  • Added functionality that makes your hit do headshot damage, full talent is now:
    • While your pistol is holstered, gain a stacking buff every 0.3s, up to 100. When you swap to it, your first shot consumes the buff and deals +10% damage per stack.
    • (New) This deals headshot damage to anywhere you hit.
BTSU Datagloves
  • Changed functionality to no longer grant group/raid-wide overcharge unless you are skill tier 6
  • Added functionality to provide hive skill haste, full talent is now:
    • (New) Grants +15% Hive skill haste per skill tier.
    • (Changed) Detonating a hive refreshes your skill cooldowns and grants overcharge for 15s.If at Skill Tier 6, this effect also applies to all allies.
    • Allies receiving this effect are unable to benefit from it again for 120s.
Sawyer's Kneeguards
  • Added functionality to continue to provide damage bonus move for a short duration, full talent is now:
    • Cannot be staggered by explosions.
    • Increases total weapon damage by 3% each second you are not moving. Stacks up to 10 until you start moving.
    • (New) All stacks lost 10s after moving.

Gear Set Changes

Hard Wired
  • Feedback Loop no longer fully refreshes the cooldown of a skill, but instead reduces it by up to 30s
Ongoing Directive
  • Main Talent
    • Hollow-Point Ammo is no longer dropped on kill, and instead automatically added to your active weapon when killing status afflicted enemies
    • Backpack Talent (New)
  • “Trauma Specialist”
    • Increases the duration of your bleed status effects by 50% and all bleed damage done by 100%
    • Increased 3-piece Reload Speed bonus from +20% to +30%
Tip of the Spear
  • Main Talent (PVE)
    • Aggressive Recon's weapon damage buff is now gained when dealing specialization weapon damage, instead of on specialization weapon kill
  • Main Talent (PVP)
    • Aggressive Recon's weapon damage buff is now gained when dealing grenade damage, instead of on grenade kill
  • Backpack Talent (New)
    • “Signature Moves”
    • Increases specialization weapon damage by 20%, and doubles the amount of specialization ammo generated by Aggressive Recon
Aces and Eights
  • Main Talent
    • "Poker Face" backpack talent is now a baseline effect:
    • Flip an additional card on headshots
  • Backpack Talent (New)
    • “Ace in the Sleeve”
    • Amplifies 1 extra shot when revealing your hand
    • 3-piece Headshot Damage bonus is now additive, rather than multiplicative
    • Increased 3-piece Headshot Damage bonus from +20% to +30%
System Corruption
  • Main Talent
    • Now repairs 20% of your armor in addition to granting 50% bonus armor
    • Increases total weapon damage by 1% per 5% bonus armor gained, up to 20%
Striker’s Battlegear
  • Main Talent
    • Reduced the number of stacks lost on missed shots from 3 to 2
  • Backpack Talent
    • No longer reduces number of stacks lost on missed shots
    • (New) Increases total weapon damage gained per stack of Striker's Gamble from 0.5% to 0.65%.
Negotiators Dilemma
  • Damage transfers on the initial bullet that marks a new target
Hard Wired
  • Increased 3-piece Repair Skills bonus from +15% to +30%
Brand Set Changes Alps Summit Armament
  • Increased 1-piece Repair Skills bonus from +15% to +20%
Murakami Industries
  • Increased 2-piece Repair Skills bonus from +15% to +20%
Richter & Kaiser
  • Increased 3-piece Repair Skills bonus from +15% to +20%
  • Incoming Repairs brand set bonus increased from +15% to +20%
Providence Defense
  • Increased 1-piece Headshot Damage bonus from +10% to +15%
Airaldi Holdings
  • Increased 2-piece Headshot Damage bonus from +10% to +15%
Grupo Sombra S.A
  • Increased 3-piece Headshot Damage bonus from +10% to +15%
Overlord Armaments
  • Increased 2-piece Accuracy bonus from +10% to +20%
Douglas & Harding
  • Increased 2-piece Stability bonus from +10% to +20%
  • Increased 3-piece Accuracy bonus from +10% to +20%
Fenris Group AB
  • Increased 2-piece Reload Speed bonus from +10% to +20%
  • Increased 3-piece Stability bonus from +10% to +20%

Specialization Changes

  • Gunner specialization's Emplacement talent Weapon Handling bonus reduced from +15% to +10%
    • Note: The UI will incorrectly say it still adds +15% Weapon Handling. This will be fixed in a future update.

Skill Changes

  • Stinger Hive, Mortar Turret, and Explosive Seeker Mine now display its Bleed Damage and Duration
Seeker Mine
  • Cluster Seeker Mine targeting accuracy improved
Developer comment: The Cluster Seeker Mine is not intended to be as accurate as the Explosive variant. Once it is a certain distance from its target it locks the location it is aiming for and continues towards that regardless of where its original target agent has since moved to. This "bullcharge" behavior reflects the mini-mines' less advanced technology and balances the skill mod's effectiveness. This said, we have noticed that the Cluster Seeker's accuracy has been a source of frustration so we've shortened the distance until it activates its "bullcharge" and adjusted when it decides to explode. These adjustments should make the Cluster Seeker feel more accurate, but these are measured steps as we do not want the skill to return to its OP TU7-state.
  • Stinger Hive base damage reduced -20%
  • Stinger Hive damage bonus per skill tier increased from +10% to +20%
Developer comment: In order to make investing in skill tiers have a greater impact on the Stinger Hive's damage, we slightly reduced base drone damage, while doubling the amount of damage gained with each skill tier. These changes will result in a net buff for dedicated skill builds, with a 10% increase in Stinger Hive drone damage at skill tier 6.
  • Restorer hive gains +5% drone flight speed per skill tier
Developer comment: Increases to the Restorer Hive's radius had the unfortunate effect of increasing the time it took for repair drones to reach their target the further they were from the hive. Increasing drone flight speed with each skill tier should help offset that somewhat counter-intuitive behavior when taking advantage of the increased area of effect, and make the Restorer Hive a more reliable tool for healers.
Chem Launcher
  • Riot Foam Chem Launcher ensnare duration bonus per skill tier reduced from +20% to +10%
  • Reinforcer Chem Launcher: UI has been updated to clarify that the initial heal only affects allies and not the Skill user. The functionality has not changed.
  • Blinder Firefly blind duration bonus per skill tier reduced from +20% to +10%
  • Blinder Firefly base blind duration reduced from 6s to 5s
  • Banshee Pulse cooldown increased from 20s to 30s
  • Banshee Pulse base confuse duration reduced from 5s to 4s
  • Jammer Pulse base disrupt duration reduced from 4s to 3s
Shock Trap
  • Shock Trap base shock duration reduced from 5s to 3s (PvP duration remains unchanged)
  • Shock Trap base radius increased from 2m to 2.5m
  • When the active duration ends, its cooldown is refunded an equal number of seconds that it was active.

Further Bugfixes:

=> Source
submitted by JokerUnique to thedivision [link] [comments]

crash help

dcs has been cashing for months, used to never crash before :/

=== Log opened UTC 2020-10-11 14:18:20
2020-10-11 14:18:20.217 INFO DCS: Command line: D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\bin\DCS.exe
2020-10-11 14:18:20.217 INFO DCS: DCS/ (x86_64; Windows NT 10.0.18363)
2020-10-11 14:18:20.217 INFO DCS: DCS revision: 175957
2020-10-11 14:18:20.217 INFO DCS: Renderer revision: 20900
2020-10-11 14:18:20.217 INFO DCS: Terrain revision: 20771
2020-10-11 14:18:20.217 INFO DCS: CPU cores: 6, threads: 12, System RAM: 16333 MB, Pagefile: 9728 MB
2020-10-11 14:18:20.574 INFO EDCORE: (dDispatcher)enterToState_:0
2020-10-11 14:18:21.012 INFO Dispatcher: 2020/10/11 10:18 V1803061700
2020-10-11 14:18:21.081 INFO INPUT: Device [Keyboard] created deviceId = -1
2020-10-11 14:18:21.102 INFO INPUT: Device [Joystick - HOTAS Warthog {9BEE9130-944C-11ea-8002-444553540000}] created deviceId = -1
2020-10-11 14:18:21.102 INFO INPUT: Joystick created[Joystick - HOTAS Warthog {9BEE9130-944C-11ea-8002-444553540000}], ForceFeedBack: no
2020-10-11 14:18:21.151 INFO INPUT: Device [Throttle - HOTAS Warthog {7F0A2CA0-944C-11ea-8001-444553540000}] created deviceId = -1
2020-10-11 14:18:21.151 INFO INPUT: Joystick created[Throttle - HOTAS Warthog {7F0A2CA0-944C-11ea-8001-444553540000}], ForceFeedBack: no
2020-10-11 14:18:21.151 INFO INPUT: Device [Mouse] created deviceId = -1
2020-10-11 14:18:21.229 INFO SOUND: Using driver: wasapi
2020-10-11 14:18:21.232 INFO SOUND: Found 4 available audio device(s):
2020-10-11 14:18:21.232 INFO SOUND: 0: ID: "{}.{a3bc94c3-9243-4999-94ca-cf14d01bfd63}", Name: "VG248 (3- NVIDIA High Definition Audio)"
2020-10-11 14:18:21.232 INFO SOUND: 1: ID: "{}.{b9b8fde4-1f79-4ade-bbaa-bf1f2d844bc0}", Name: "Headphones (Oculus Virtual Audio Device)"
2020-10-11 14:18:21.232 INFO SOUND: 2: ID: "{}.{e7804ff2-fc95-4bbc-9ba2-0e82dab295c7}", Name: "VE228 (3- NVIDIA High Definition Audio)"
2020-10-11 14:18:21.232 INFO SOUND: 3: ID: "{}.{eefc5f93-4c6c-44cd-98cc-74f502409cb3}", Name: "Speakers (2- Yeti Stereo Microphone)"
2020-10-11 14:18:25.940 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:26.057 INFO SOUNDER: Loaded 207 packed sounders.
2020-10-11 14:18:26.057 INFO Dispatcher: InitLow
2020-10-11 14:18:28.003 INFO NET: Got Steam auth data.
2020-10-11 14:18:28.267 INFO DCS: Successfully got Steam authorization data.
2020-10-11 14:18:28.267 INFO Dispatcher: Loading installed modules...
2020-10-11 14:18:41.794 INFO Scripting: OBSOLETE mount_vfs_sound_path() used in ./CoreMods/aircraft/AJS37/entry.lua
2020-10-11 14:18:41.987 INFO Scripting: PLUGINS START-------------------------------------------------
2020-10-11 14:18:42.289 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/tech/TechWeaponPack/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:42.306 INFO SOUNDER: Loaded 3 packed sounders.
2020-10-11 14:18:42.734 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/tech/USS John C Stennis/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:42.735 INFO SOUNDER: Loaded 1 packed sounders.
2020-10-11 14:18:42.762 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/tech/USS_Nimitz/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:42.776 INFO SOUNDER: Loaded 3 packed sounders.
2020-10-11 14:18:43.542 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/AJS37/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:43.661 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/AV8BNA/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:43.669 INFO SOUNDER: Loaded 1 sounders.
2020-10-11 14:18:43.672 WARNING EDCORE: Source ./CoreMods/aircraft/AV8BNA/Shapes is already mounted to the same mount /models/.
2020-10-11 14:18:43.783 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/C-101/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:44.163 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/ChinaAssetPack/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:44.210 INFO SOUNDER: Loaded 11 sounders.
2020-10-11 14:18:44.487 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/Christen Eagle II/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:46.253 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/F14/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:46.302 INFO SOUNDER: Loaded 1 sounders.
2020-10-11 14:18:46.982 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/Hawk/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:47.256 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/I-16/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:47.502 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/M-2000C/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:47.832 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/MiG-21bis/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:47.992 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./CoreMods/aircraft/SA342/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:48.183 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./Mods/aircraft/F-15C/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:48.318 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./Mods/aircraft/F-16C/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:48.527 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./Mods/aircraft/FA-18C/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:48.667 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./Mods/aircraft/TF-51D/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:48.717 INFO SOUND: Added sound path: ./Mods/terrains/PersianGulf/Sounds
2020-10-11 14:18:48.782 INFO Scripting: PLUGINS DONE--------------------------------------------------
2020-10-11 14:18:49.315 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/aircraft/AV8BNA/bin/AV8B_AI.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.318 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/aircraft/C-101/bin/C101Core.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.322 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/aircraft/ChinaAssetPack/bin/CAP_AI.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.326 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/aircraft/ChinaAssetPack/bin/JF-17_AI.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.329 INFO CE2_AI: Loading CE AI
2020-10-11 14:18:49.329 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/aircraft/Christen Eagle II/bin/CE2_AI.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.333 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/aircraft/F14/bin/F14-AI.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.337 INFO MiG21_AI: Loading CE AI
2020-10-11 14:18:49.337 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/aircraft/MiG-21bis/bin/MiG21_AI.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.345 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/services/CaptoGlove/bin/edCaptoGlove.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.401 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./CoreMods/services/VoiceChat/bin/VoiceChat.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:49.802 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./Mods/aircraft/jsAvionics/bin/jsAvionics.dll
2020-10-11 14:18:52.059 INFO DCS: =
\['messagesFontScale'\] = 1; \['rainDroplets'\] = true; \['LensEffects'\] = 0; \['heatBlr'\] = 1; \['anisotropy'\] = 3; \['water'\] = 2; \['motionBlur'\] = 0; \['outputGamma'\] = 2.2; \['treesVisibility'\] = 10000; \['aspect'\] = 1.7777777777778; \['lights'\] = 2; \['shadows'\] = 4; \['MSAA'\] = 1; \['SSAA'\] = 0; \['civTraffic'\] = 'high'; \['clutterMaxDistance'\] = 1000; \['cockpitGI'\] = 1; \['terrainTextures'\] = 'max'; \['multiMonitorSetup'\] = '1camera'; \['shadowTree'\] = false; \['chimneySmokeDensity'\] = 5; \['fullScreen'\] = true; \['DOF'\] = 0; \['clouds'\] = 1; \['forestDistanceFactor'\] = 1; \['flatTerrainShadows'\] = 0; \['width'\] = 1920; \['visibRange'\] = 'High'; \['SSLR'\] = 1; \['effects'\] = 3; \['SSAO'\] = 0; \['useDeferredShading'\] = 1; \['sync'\] = true; \['textures'\] = 2; \['scaleGui'\] = true; \['preloadRadius'\] = 60000; \['height'\] = 1080; \['terrainMapMFD'\] = { \['distance'\] = { \['mapLodDistance3'\] = 200000; \['mapLodDistance2'\] = 100000; \['mapLodDistance0'\] = 25000; \['mapLodDistance1'\] = 50000; }; }; 
2020-10-11 14:18:56.924 INFO GRAPHICSVISTA: renderer: 'dx11backend.dll'
2020-10-11 14:18:59.187 INFO DX11BACKEND: DX11Renderer initialization (w:1920 h:1080 fullscrn:1 vsync:0 adapter:0 monitor:1 shaderErrors:1)
2020-10-11 14:18:59.535 INFO DX11BACKEND: Driver Concurrent Creates - 1
2020-10-11 14:18:59.535 INFO DX11BACKEND: Driver Command Lists - 1
2020-10-11 14:18:59.654 INFO DX11BACKEND: NVIDIA API init OK
2020-10-11 14:18:59.660 INFO DX11BACKEND: NVIDIA Display Driver Version 45206.r452_02
2020-10-11 14:18:59.660 INFO DX11BACKEND: GPU count:1
2020-10-11 14:18:59.835 INFO DX11BACKEND: commonPool: 68-128, cbPool: 4-14, samplerPool: 5-16
2020-10-11 14:19:00.202 INFO DX11BACKEND: DX11ShaderBinaries::loadCache Bazashaders/fxo/
2020-10-11 14:19:05.330 ERROR EDCORE: Can't open file 'bazashaders/posteffects/slot.fx.' from fs
2020-10-11 14:19:05.330 WARNING DX11BACKEND: Shader posteffects/slot.fx:DIRECTX11=true;USE_DCS_DEFERRED=1; is outdated as file bazashaders/posteffects/slot.fx is modified.
2020-10-11 14:19:13.699 INFO DX11BACKEND: DX11ShaderBinaries::loadCache done. Loaded 1118/1119.
2020-10-11 14:19:13.753 INFO DX11BACKEND: DX11ShaderBinaries::loadCache C:\Users\ApBoy\Saved Games\DCS\fxo
2020-10-11 14:19:14.086 INFO DX11BACKEND: DX11ShaderBinaries::loadCache done. Loaded 62/62.
2020-10-11 14:19:14.509 INFO VISUALIZER: SceneManager initialization
2020-10-11 14:19:15.669 INFO VISUALIZER: cascade shadows init (preset:'default' quality:4 layers:4 size:4096)
2020-10-11 14:19:16.500 INFO SOUND: Opening default audio device.
2020-10-11 14:19:16.508 INFO SOUND: Driver reports 2 channels with mask 0x3
2020-10-11 14:19:16.508 INFO SOUND: Using 2 channels at 48000 Hz
2020-10-11 14:19:16.508 INFO SOUND: Channel layout: Headphones/Stereo
2020-10-11 14:19:16.859 INFO DCS: gDescription: "NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2070" gVendorId: 4318 gDeviceId: 7943 gMemory: 8031 MB
2020-10-11 14:19:16.983 ERROR EDOBJECTS: Destruction shape not found AVIASHTAB_CRASH
2020-10-11 14:19:16.985 ERROR EDOBJECTS: Object HB_F14_EXT_PHX_ALU with id=320 already declared in table MissileTable
2020-10-11 14:19:21.202 INFO EDCORE: (dDispatcher)enterToState_:1
2020-10-11 14:19:32.406 INFO UIBASERENDERER: Cannot load font [D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\dxgui\skins\fonts\]!
2020-10-11 14:19:38.362 INFO Dispatcher: //=== END OF INIT ======================================//
2020-10-11 14:19:38.362 INFO EDCORE: (dDispatcher)enterToState_:2
2020-10-11 14:19:38.463 INFO EDCORE: (dDispatcher)enterToState_:3
2020-10-11 14:19:38.463 INFO Lua: Lua CPU usage: metric: average game loading: 47.8552 %
2020-10-11 14:19:38.474 INFO DCS: Screen: MainMenu
2020-10-11 14:19:42.706 INFO NET: Login success.
2020-10-11 14:20:12.735 INFO SOUND: Using SSSE3 for peak calc.
2020-10-11 14:20:12.957 INFO DCS: Screen: Mission
2020-10-11 14:21:21.851 INFO DCS: Screen: MainMenu
2020-10-11 14:21:28.161 INFO DCS: Screen: FastMission
2020-10-11 14:21:37.690 INFO DCS: Screen: FastMissionAdvanced
2020-10-11 14:22:10.929 INFO DCS: Screen: MainMenu
2020-10-11 14:22:10.933 INFO DCS: Screen: FastMission
2020-10-11 14:22:29.263 INFO LUA-TERRAIN: Init('./Mods/terrains/Caucasus\terrain.cfg.lua')
2020-10-11 14:22:29.277 INFO TERRAIN: lSystem::load(./Mods/terrains/Caucasus\terrain.cfg.lua)
2020-10-11 14:22:29.277 INFO TERRAIN: lSystem::CleanScenes()
2020-10-11 14:22:29.277 INFO TERRAIN: lSystem::exit()
2020-10-11 14:22:29.277 INFO VISUALIZER: TerrainRenderer::release
2020-10-11 14:22:29.277 INFO TERRAIN: lSystem::CleanScenes()
2020-10-11 14:22:29.277 INFO EDOBJECTS: lTypeObjectManagerImpl::clear 13
2020-10-11 14:22:30.151 INFO EDTERRAIN4: TERRAIN_REVISION = 3634
2020-10-11 14:22:30.152 INFO EDTERRAIN4: Open terrain cfg "./Mods/terrains/Caucasus\terrain.cfg.lua"
2020-10-11 14:22:30.152 INFO EDTERRAIN4: Build date:
2020-10-11 14:22:30.152 INFO EDTERRAIN4: Texture quality: "max"
2020-10-11 14:22:31.277 INFO EDCORE: 1.072 s terrain references
2020-10-11 14:22:31.280 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s terrain models
2020-10-11 14:22:31.284 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s terrain assets
2020-10-11 14:22:31.519 INFO EDCORE: 0.232 s terrain assets2
2020-10-11 14:22:31.789 INFO EDCORE: 0.266 s terrain landfile
2020-10-11 14:22:31.807 INFO EDCORE: 0.014 s terrain surfaceTile
2020-10-11 14:22:31.812 INFO EDTERRAIN4: switchTextures (season=1, minTexture=false)
2020-10-11 14:22:33.298 INFO EDCORE: 1.487 s terrain vfstextures
2020-10-11 14:22:33.420 INFO EDCORE: 0.118 s terrain scene
2020-10-11 14:22:33.423 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s terrain roaddetails
2020-10-11 14:22:33.427 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s terrain forest
2020-10-11 14:22:40.255 INFO EDCORE: 6.824 s terrain routes
2020-10-11 14:22:40.260 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s terrain surfacedetails
2020-10-11 14:22:40.263 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s terrain blocks
2020-10-11 14:22:40.297 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s terrain references
2020-10-11 14:22:40.588 INFO EDCORE: 0.322 s terrain superficials
2020-10-11 14:22:40.628 INFO EDCORE: 0.035 s terrain lma
2020-10-11 14:22:40.632 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s terrain vectordatasettings
2020-10-11 14:22:42.496 INFO EDCORE: 1.860 s terrain navgraph
2020-10-11 14:22:42.544 INFO EDCORE: 0.043 s terrain vti
2020-10-11 14:22:43.670 INFO EDTERRAIN4: terrain time: 13.517271 s
2020-10-11 14:22:43.896 INFO TERRAIN: lSystem::InitScenes()
2020-10-11 14:22:43.896 INFO EDTERRAIN4: lTerraDispatchImpl::setDate( day=22, month=6)
2020-10-11 14:22:43.896 INFO EDTERRAIN4: switchTextures (season=1, minTexture=false)
2020-10-11 14:22:43.896 INFO DX11BACKEND: Reloading textures ...
2020-10-11 14:22:43.903 INFO LUA-TERRAIN: Init done
2020-10-11 14:22:44.032 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: ITerrainGraphicsImpl4::openTerrain() START
2020-10-11 14:22:44.045 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: loading terrain options: Config/terrain/terrainoptions41.lua
2020-10-11 14:22:44.059 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: loading terrain shading options: ./Mods/terrains/Caucasus/shadingOptions/Caucasus.lua
2020-10-11 14:22:44.100 INFO METASHADER: MetaShaderCache2: [108] from ./Mods/terrains/Caucasus/misc/metacache/dcs.lua
2020-10-11 14:22:47.790 INFO METASHADER: loaded [108/108]
2020-10-11 14:22:47.890 WARNING EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: failed to open "surfaceDetailsHints" section in terrain config
2020-10-11 14:22:47.995 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.000010s Loaded reference file "caucasus" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:47.995 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:48.073 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.073605s Loaded reference file "airfieldslights" buffers: 7
2020-10-11 14:22:48.073 INFO EDCORE: 0.074 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:48.655 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.578093s Loaded reference file "blockbuildings" buffers: 7
2020-10-11 14:22:48.655 INFO EDCORE: 0.578 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.225 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.565400s Loaded reference file "blocktrees" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.225 INFO EDCORE: 0.565 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.623 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.393164s Loaded reference file "caucasusafbbuildings_new" buffers: 27
2020-10-11 14:22:49.623 INFO EDCORE: 0.393 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.639 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.012748s Loaded reference file "caucasusbridges" buffers: 11
2020-10-11 14:22:49.639 INFO EDCORE: 0.013 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.697 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.053496s Loaded reference file "caucasusobjects" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.697 INFO EDCORE: 0.054 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.711 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.008986s Loaded reference file "communication" buffers: 7
2020-10-11 14:22:49.711 INFO EDCORE: 0.009 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.716 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.000351s Loaded reference file "crashmodels" buffers: 1
2020-10-11 14:22:49.716 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.807 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.085697s Loaded reference file "crashmodelsfromedm" buffers: 22
2020-10-11 14:22:49.807 INFO EDCORE: 0.086 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.837 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.025959s Loaded reference file "housedetails" buffers: 9
2020-10-11 14:22:49.837 INFO EDCORE: 0.026 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.844 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.003396s Loaded reference file "industrial" buffers: 7
2020-10-11 14:22:49.844 INFO EDCORE: 0.003 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.875 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.026320s Loaded reference file "misc" buffers: 3
2020-10-11 14:22:49.875 INFO EDCORE: 0.026 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.886 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.006227s Loaded reference file "oilplatforms" buffers: 7
2020-10-11 14:22:49.886 INFO EDCORE: 0.006 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.896 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.006233s Loaded reference file "tuapserefinery" buffers: 6
2020-10-11 14:22:49.896 INFO EDCORE: 0.006 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.905 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.004649s Loaded reference file "vehicles" buffers: 9
2020-10-11 14:22:49.905 INFO EDCORE: 0.005 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.914 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.004507s Loaded reference file "vessels" buffers: 7
2020-10-11 14:22:49.914 INFO EDCORE: 0.005 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.926 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.008617s Loaded reference file "walls" buffers: 2
2020-10-11 14:22:49.926 INFO EDCORE: 0.009 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.942 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.010335s Loaded reference file "americanbeech" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.942 INFO EDCORE: 0.010 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.947 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.001066s Loaded reference file "caucasus_fir" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.947 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.952 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.000813s Loaded reference file "cypress_oak" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.952 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.957 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.000834s Loaded reference file "european_beech" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.957 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.961 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.000630s Loaded reference file "green_ash" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.961 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.966 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.000919s Loaded reference file "honey_mesquite" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.966 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.972 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.001254s Loaded reference file "italiancypress" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.972 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.979 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.001002s Loaded reference file "lombardypoplar" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.979 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.984 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.001451s Loaded reference file "mountain_maple" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.984 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.991 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.001008s Loaded reference file "norwayspruce" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.991 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.998 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: 0.000759s Loaded reference file "shrub" buffers: 0
2020-10-11 14:22:49.998 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape4::lReferenceFile
2020-10-11 14:22:49.998 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: InstanceManager2 is completing initialization...
2020-10-11 14:22:50.002 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: InstanceManager2::updateObjectDeclBuffer()
2020-10-11 14:22:50.002 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: InstanceManager2::updateObjectLodDeclBuffer()
2020-10-11 14:22:50.004 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: InstanceManager2 complete initialization:
2020-10-11 14:22:50.004 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: objects: 666
2020-10-11 14:22:50.004 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: subObjects: 493
2020-10-11 14:22:50.004 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: objectLods: 2911
2020-10-11 14:22:50.004 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: objectLodRenderItems: 330
2020-10-11 14:22:50.004 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: MAX_LODS_IN_OBJECT: 10
2020-10-11 14:22:50.016 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s landscape5::OceanFile
2020-10-11 14:22:51.136 INFO EDCORE: 1.115 s landscape5::GrassFile
2020-10-11 14:22:51.141 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s landscape5::lModels5File
2020-10-11 14:22:51.401 WARNING LOG: 16 duplicate message(s) skipped.
2020-10-11 14:22:51.401 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: remapper.deformers is not empty
2020-10-11 14:22:51.751 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: materialParams[29084]*1536
2020-10-11 14:22:51.754 INFO EDCORE: 0.507 s landscape5::Surface5File
2020-10-11 14:22:51.784 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: materialParams[810]*1536
2020-10-11 14:22:51.784 INFO EDCORE: 0.026 s landscape5::SurfaceTile
2020-10-11 14:22:51.790 INFO EDCORE: 0.001 s landscape5::Scene5File
2020-10-11 14:22:51.829 INFO EDCORE: 0.036 s landscape4::lRoutesFile
2020-10-11 14:22:51.867 INFO EDCORE: 0.034 s landscape4::lSurfaceDetails2File
2020-10-11 14:22:51.884 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: materialParams[1]*1536
2020-10-11 14:22:51.884 INFO EDCORE: 0.013 s landscape4::lSuperficialFile
2020-10-11 14:22:51.908 INFO EDCORE: 0.020 s landscape4::lGeoNamesFile
2020-10-11 14:22:51.913 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s landscape5::sup5File
2020-10-11 14:22:51.921 WARNING LOG: 1 duplicate message(s) skipped.
2020-10-11 14:22:51.921 INFO EDCORE: 0.000 s landscape5::navGraph5File
2020-10-11 14:22:51.921 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: ITerrainGraphicsImpl4::openTerrain() END 7.889645 s
2020-10-11 14:22:51.989 ERROR_ONCE DX11BACKEND: render target 'mainDepthBuffer_copy' not found
2020-10-11 14:22:51.989 ERROR_ONCE DX11BACKEND: render target 'DummyShadowMap' not found
2020-10-11 14:23:26.265 ERROR EDCORE: can't open MO-file D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\l10n\cn\LC_MESSAGES\
2020-10-11 14:23:26.266 ERROR EDCORE: can't open MO-file D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\l10n\cs\LC_MESSAGES\
2020-10-11 14:23:26.266 ERROR EDCORE: can't open MO-file D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\l10n\de\LC_MESSAGES\
2020-10-11 14:23:26.267 ERROR EDCORE: can't open MO-file D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\l10n\es\LC_MESSAGES\
2020-10-11 14:23:26.268 ERROR EDCORE: can't open MO-file D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\l10n\fr\LC_MESSAGES\
2020-10-11 14:23:26.309 ERROR EDCORE: can't open MO-file D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\l10n\jp\LC_MESSAGES\
2020-10-11 14:23:26.345 ERROR EDCORE: can't open MO-file D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\l10n\pl\LC_MESSAGES\
2020-10-11 14:23:26.346 ERROR EDCORE: can't open MO-file D:\SteamLibrary\steamapps\common\DCSWorld\l10n\ru\LC_MESSAGES\
2020-10-11 14:23:41.607 INFO Dispatcher: loadMission C:\Users\ApBoy\AppData\Local\Temp\DCS\tempMission.miz
2020-10-11 14:23:41.607 INFO WORLDGENERAL: loading mission from: "C:\Users\ApBoy\AppData\Local\Temp\DCS\tempMission.miz"
2020-10-11 14:23:41.695 INFO EDCORE: (dDispatcher)enterToState_:4
2020-10-11 14:23:41.695 INFO Dispatcher: Terrain theatre Caucasus
2020-10-11 14:23:41.734 INFO Dispatcher: Start
2020-10-11 14:23:41.912 INFO Dispatcher: Terrain theatre Caucasus
2020-10-11 14:23:41.914 INFO TERRAIN: lSystem::load(./Mods/terrains/Caucasus\terrain.cfg.lua)
2020-10-11 14:23:41.914 INFO TERRAIN: lSystem::CleanScenes()
2020-10-11 14:23:41.914 INFO TERRAIN: lSystem::InitScenes()
2020-10-11 14:23:41.914 INFO EDTERRAIN4: lTerraDispatchImpl::setDate( day=18, month=11)
2020-10-11 14:23:41.914 INFO EDTERRAIN4: switch to season = autumn
2020-10-11 14:23:41.914 INFO EDTERRAIN4: switchTextures (season=2, minTexture=false)
2020-10-11 14:23:42.526 INFO DX11BACKEND: Reloading textures ...
2020-10-11 14:23:47.486 WARNING GRAPHICSCORE: already registered Renderer callback
2020-10-11 14:23:47.492 INFO VISUALIZER: StartSimulation
2020-10-11 14:23:47.993 INFO VISUALIZER: cascade shadows init (preset:'default' quality:4 layers:4 size:4096)
2020-10-11 14:23:48.869 ERROR_ONCE DX11BACKEND: texture '' not found. Asked from 'EFFECTS2'
2020-10-11 14:23:50.385 ERROR_ONCE DX11BACKEND: texture 'LiquidAnimationAlphas' not found. Asked from 'EFFECTS2'
2020-10-11 14:23:50.385 ERROR_ONCE DX11BACKEND: texture 'LiquidAnimationNormals' not found. Asked from 'EFFECTS2'
2020-10-11 14:23:51.331 INFO Dispatcher: initial random seed = 6230979
2020-10-11 14:23:51.331 INFO Dispatcher: apply random seed = 6230979
2020-10-11 14:23:53.818 INFO WORLDGENERAL: loaded from mission Scripts/World/GPS_GNSS.lua
2020-10-11 14:23:55.957 INFO WORLDGENERAL: loaded from mission Config/View/SnapViewsDefault.lua
2020-10-11 14:23:55.965 INFO WORLDGENERAL: loaded from mission Config/View/View.lua
2020-10-11 14:23:55.975 INFO WORLDGENERAL: loaded from mission Config/View/Server.lua
2020-10-11 14:23:56.577 INFO Config: netview started
2020-10-11 14:23:57.705 INFO VISUALIZER: CameraIndependedPreload()
2020-10-11 14:23:57.705 INFO VISUALIZER: CameraIndependedPreload() finished
2020-10-11 14:23:57.705 INFO DCS: use_xRay: no
2020-10-11 14:24:17.625 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:initScript
2020-10-11 14:24:17.625 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnCoalition red
2020-10-11 14:24:17.625 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnPlanes 18
2020-10-11 14:24:19.322 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 24
2020-10-11 14:24:20.877 INFO GRAPHICSVISTA: Creating Resource "Unicode" of type 1
2020-10-11 14:24:21.800 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 27
2020-10-11 14:24:21.803 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 37
2020-10-11 14:24:22.260 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnPlanes 38
2020-10-11 14:24:22.318 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnHelicopters 0
2020-10-11 14:24:23.478 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 0
2020-10-11 14:24:23.864 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 43
2020-10-11 14:24:24.491 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 19
2020-10-11 14:24:24.975 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 47
2020-10-11 14:24:25.054 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnCoalition blue
2020-10-11 14:24:25.054 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 16
2020-10-11 14:24:25.768 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 15
2020-10-11 14:24:26.161 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnPlanes 9
2020-10-11 14:24:27.207 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnPlanes 2
2020-10-11 14:24:27.259 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnHelicopters 2
2020-10-11 14:24:29.025 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnVehicles 2
2020-10-11 14:24:31.391 INFO DCS: MissionSpawn:spawnLocalPlayer 62,F-16C_50
2020-10-11 14:24:31.973 INFO SECURITYCONTROL: Loaded ./Mods/aircraft/F-16C/bin/F16C.dll
2020-10-11 14:24:38.276 WARNING EDCORE: Source ./Mods/aircraft/F-16C/Cockpit/Scripts/../Shape is already mounted to the same mount /models/.
2020-10-11 14:24:38.757 INFO VISUALIZER: cockpit ILV loaded
2020-10-11 14:24:39.133 ERROR_ONCE DX11BACKEND: Can't load 'Fonts/' in texture array ''.
2020-10-11 14:24:40.122 ERROR COCKPITBASE: devices_keeper::link_all: unable to find link target 'SMS' for device 'MAV_INTERFACE'
2020-10-11 14:24:41.652 ERROR COCKPITBASE: controller "SMS_AG_Harm_TER_TBL" missed in class cockpit::F16::ccMFD_F16
2020-10-11 14:24:44.257 WARNING LOG: 1 duplicate message(s) skipped.
2020-10-11 14:24:44.257 INFO COCKPITBASE: lua state still active DED, 26 (status undefined)
2020-10-11 14:24:44.257 INFO COCKPITBASE: lua state still active EHSI, 28 (status undefined)
2020-10-11 14:24:44.258 INFO COCKPITBASE: lua state still active UHF_RADIO, 36
2020-10-11 14:24:44.258 INFO COCKPITBASE: lua state still active VHF_RADIO, 38
2020-10-11 14:24:44.258 INFO COCKPITBASE: lua state still active INTERCOM, 39 (status undefined)
2020-10-11 14:24:44.259 INFO COCKPITBASE: lua state still active MACROS, 52 (status undefined)
2020-10-11 14:24:44.259 INFO COCKPITBASE: lua state still active TGP_INTERFACE, 58 (status undefined)
2020-10-11 14:24:44.666 ERROR SOUND: source_add(host:COCKPIT_MAIN, proto:Aircrafts/F-16/Cockpits/GearLockDown_In, alt_proto:Aircrafts//Cockpits/GearLockDown_In): can't find proto
2020-10-11 14:24:44.697 WARNING LOG: 1 duplicate message(s) skipped.
2020-10-11 14:24:44.697 INFO WORLDGENERAL: loaded from mission Scripts/World/birds.lua
2020-10-11 14:24:44.697 INFO DCS: dbox not found , skip
2020-10-11 14:24:46.709 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: surface5 gc() LOD 0 0 squares
2020-10-11 14:24:46.709 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: surface5 gc() LOD 1 0 squares
2020-10-11 14:24:46.709 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: surface5 gc() 0.035400 ms
2020-10-11 14:24:46.813 INFO VISUALIZER: Preload() camera=15734.308756, 2023.594708, 233822.516476 radius=60000.000000
2020-10-11 14:24:46.813 INFO EDTERRAINGRAPHICS41: ITerrainGraphicsImpl4::forceLoading(): pos=(15734.3, 2023.59, 233823), radius=60000
2020-10-11 14:24:49.285 INFO EDCORE: try to write dump information
2020-10-11 14:24:49.287 INFO EDCORE: # -------------- 20201011-142449 --------------
2020-10-11 14:24:49.287 INFO EDCORE: DCS/ (x86_64; Windows NT 10.0.18363)
2020-10-11 14:24:49.289 INFO EDCORE: C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\VCRUNTIME140.dll
2020-10-11 14:24:49.289 INFO EDCORE: # C0000005 ACCESS_VIOLATION at 10841637 00:00000000
2020-10-11 14:24:49.292 INFO EDCORE: SymInit: Symbol-SearchPath: '.', symOptions: 534, UserName: 'ApBoy'
2020-10-11 14:24:49.294 INFO EDCORE: OS-Version: 10.0.18363 () 0x300-0x1
2020-10-11 14:24:49.688 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000001637 (VCRUNTIME140): memcpy + 0x347
2020-10-11 14:24:49.688 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000000988B (renderer): RenderAPI::openShader + 0x48B
2020-10-11 14:24:49.690 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000009280 (renderer): RenderAPI::openFromBlobShader + 0x180
2020-10-11 14:24:49.691 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000067D31 (metaShader): BaseBinder::render + 0x11431
2020-10-11 14:24:49.691 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000000676AB (metaShader): BaseBinder::render + 0x10DAB
2020-10-11 14:24:49.691 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000006BCCE (metaShader): BaseBinder::render + 0x153CE
2020-10-11 14:24:49.691 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000000C624 (metaShader): render::MetaShaderManager::loadMetaShader + 0x174
2020-10-11 14:24:49.691 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000054101 (metaShader): RenderAPI::loadMetaShader + 0x41
2020-10-11 14:24:49.692 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000006604 (metaShader): render::MetaShader::open + 0x34
2020-10-11 14:24:49.692 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000000990C8 (edterrainGraphics41): createInstancerRenderable + 0x6598
2020-10-11 14:24:49.693 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000009B275 (edterrainGraphics41): createInstancerRenderable + 0x8745
2020-10-11 14:24:49.693 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000000D9827 (edterrainGraphics41): CreateITerrainGraphics + 0x2227
2020-10-11 14:24:49.693 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000000DAC19 (edterrainGraphics41): CreateITerrainGraphics + 0x3619
2020-10-11 14:24:49.693 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000000F3B2D (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::lMaterialParamsArrayGraphics::clear + 0xD5D
2020-10-11 14:24:49.693 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000063AE8 (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::TerrainRenderable::dumpRenderItem + 0x531D8
2020-10-11 14:24:49.693 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000000642EF (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::TerrainRenderable::dumpRenderItem + 0x539DF
2020-10-11 14:24:49.694 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000063DF9 (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::TerrainRenderable::dumpRenderItem + 0x534E9
2020-10-11 14:24:49.694 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000006256E (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::TerrainRenderable::dumpRenderItem + 0x51C5E
2020-10-11 14:24:49.694 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000060913 (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::TerrainRenderable::dumpRenderItem + 0x50003
2020-10-11 14:24:49.694 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000060941 (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::TerrainRenderable::dumpRenderItem + 0x50031
2020-10-11 14:24:49.695 WARNING LOG: 4 duplicate message(s) skipped.
2020-10-11 14:24:49.695 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000066220 (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::TerrainRenderable::dumpRenderItem + 0x55910
2020-10-11 14:24:49.695 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000000658FC (edterrainGraphics41): edtg41::TerrainRenderable::dumpRenderItem + 0x54FEC
2020-10-11 14:24:49.696 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000000D0C15 (edterrainGraphics41): createInstancerRenderable + 0x3E0E5
2020-10-11 14:24:49.696 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000011F30E (Visualizer): TerrainRenderer::forceLoading + 0x7E
2020-10-11 14:24:49.715 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000014427E (Visualizer): smSceneManager::CreateSceneManager + 0x372E
2020-10-11 14:24:49.715 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000007267A7 (DCS): CoreUtils::TempFilesManager::operator= + 0x3B8B77
2020-10-11 14:24:49.719 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000007114D0 (DCS): CoreUtils::TempFilesManager::operator= + 0x3A38A0
2020-10-11 14:24:49.719 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000011C27A (edCore): Common::FSM::sendOutputSymbol_ + 0x4A
2020-10-11 14:24:49.719 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000011B912 (edCore): Common::FSM::enterToState_ + 0xC2
2020-10-11 14:24:49.719 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000011C0F9 (edCore): Common::FSM::onSymbol_ + 0x1A9
2020-10-11 14:24:49.720 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000007243A5 (DCS): CoreUtils::TempFilesManager::operator= + 0x3B6775
2020-10-11 14:24:49.720 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000006F6604 (DCS): CoreUtils::TempFilesManager::operator= + 0x3889D4
2020-10-11 14:24:49.720 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000006F69C9 (DCS): CoreUtils::TempFilesManager::operator= + 0x388D99
2020-10-11 14:24:49.720 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000016E8CEB (DCS): AmdPowerXpressRequestHighPerformance + 0xB1ACE7
2020-10-11 14:24:49.722 INFO EDCORE: 0x00000000008E261E (DCS): CoreUtils::TempFilesManager::operator= + 0x5749EE
2020-10-11 14:24:49.724 INFO EDCORE: 0x0000000000017BD4 (KERNEL32): BaseThreadInitThunk + 0x14
2020-10-11 14:24:49.724 INFO EDCORE: 0x000000000006CE51 (ntdll): RtlUserThreadStart + 0x21
2020-10-11 14:24:52.510 INFO EDCORE: Minidump created.
2020-10-11 14:24:52.520 INFO DCS: enumerating loaded modules
=== Log closed.
submitted by buddy1225 to dcs [link] [comments]

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