Forex torrent

No, the British did not steal $45 trillion from India

This is an updated copy of the version on BadHistory. I plan to update it in accordance with the feedback I got.
I'd like to thank two people who will remain anonymous for helping me greatly with this post (you know who you are)
Three years ago a festschrift for Binay Bhushan Chaudhuri was published by Shubhra Chakrabarti, a history teacher at the University of Delhi and Utsa Patnaik, a Marxist economist who taught at JNU until 2010.
One of the essays in the festschirt by Utsa Patnaik was an attempt to quantify the "drain" undergone by India during British Rule. Her conclusion? Britain robbed India of $45 trillion (or £9.2 trillion) during their 200 or so years of rule. This figure was immensely popular, and got republished in several major news outlets (here, here, here, here (they get the number wrong) and more recently here), got a mention from the Minister of External Affairs & returns 29,100 results on Google. There's also plenty of references to it here on Reddit.
Patnaik is not the first to calculate such a figure. Angus Maddison thought it was £100 million, Simon Digby said £1 billion, Javier Estaban said £40 million see Roy (2019). The huge range of figures should set off some alarm bells.
So how did Patnaik calculate this (shockingly large) figure? Well, even though I don't have access to the festschrift, she conveniently has written an article detailing her methodology here. Let's have a look.
How exactly did the British manage to diddle us and drain our wealth’ ? was the question that Basudev Chatterjee (later editor of a volume in the Towards Freedom project) had posed to me 50 years ago when we were fellow-students abroad.
This is begging the question.
After decades of research I find that using India’s commodity export surplus as the measure and applying an interest rate of 5%, the total drain from 1765 to 1938, compounded up to 2016, comes to £9.2 trillion; since $4.86 exchanged for £1 those days, this sum equals about $45 trillion.
This is completely meaningless. To understand why it's meaningless consider India's annual coconut exports. These are almost certainly a surplus but the surplus in trade is countered by the other country buying the product (indeed, by definition, trade surpluses contribute to the GDP of a nation which hardly plays into intuitive conceptualisations of drain).
Furthermore, Dewey (2019) critiques the 5% interest rate.
She [Patnaik] consistently adopts statistical assumptions (such as compound interest at a rate of 5% per annum over centuries) that exaggerate the magnitude of the drain
Moving on:
The exact mechanism of drain, or transfers from India to Britain was quite simple.
Convenient.
Drain theory possessed the political merit of being easily grasped by a nation of peasants. [...] No other idea could arouse people than the thought that they were being taxed so that others in far off lands might live in comfort. [...] It was, therefore, inevitable that the drain theory became the main staple of nationalist political agitation during the Gandhian era.
- Chandra et al. (1989)
The key factor was Britain’s control over our taxation revenues combined with control over India’s financial gold and forex earnings from its booming commodity export surplus with the world. Simply put, Britain used locally raised rupee tax revenues to pay for its net import of goods, a highly abnormal use of budgetary funds not seen in any sovereign country.
The issue with figures like these is they all make certain methodological assumptions that are impossible to prove. From Roy in Frankema et al. (2019):
the "drain theory" of Indian poverty cannot be tested with evidence, for several reasons. First, it rests on the counterfactual that any money saved on account of factor payments abroad would translate into domestic investment, which can never be proved. Second, it rests on "the primitive notion that all payments to foreigners are "drain"", that is, on the assumption that these payments did not contribute to domestic national income to the equivalent extent (Kumar 1985, 384; see also Chaudhuri 1968). Again, this cannot be tested. [...] Fourth, while British officers serving India did receive salaries that were many times that of the average income in India, a paper using cross-country data shows that colonies with better paid officers were governed better (Jones 2013).
Indeed, drain theory rests on some very weak foundations. This, in of itself, should be enough to dismiss any of the other figures that get thrown out. Nonetheless, I felt it would be a useful exercise to continue exploring Patnaik's take on drain theory.
The East India Company from 1765 onwards allocated every year up to one-third of Indian budgetary revenues net of collection costs, to buy a large volume of goods for direct import into Britain, far in excess of that country’s own needs.
So what's going on here? Well Roy (2019) explains it better:
Colonial India ran an export surplus, which, together with foreign investment, was used to pay for services purchased from Britain. These payments included interest on public debt, salaries, and pensions paid to government offcers who had come from Britain, salaries of managers and engineers, guaranteed profts paid to railway companies, and repatriated business profts. How do we know that any of these payments involved paying too much? The answer is we do not.
So what was really happening is the government was paying its workers for services (as well as guaranteeing profits - to promote investment - something the GoI does today Dalal (2019), and promoting business in India), and those workers were remitting some of that money to Britain. This is hardly a drain (unless, of course, Indian diaspora around the world today are "draining" it). In some cases, the remittances would take the form of goods (as described) see Chaudhuri (1983):
It is obvious that these debit items were financed through the export surplus on merchandise account, and later, when railway construction started on a large scale in India, through capital import. Until 1833 the East India Company followed a cumbersome method in remitting the annual home charges. This was to purchase export commodities in India out of revenue, which were then shipped to London and the proceeds from their sale handed over to the home treasury.
While Roy's earlier point argues better paid officers governed better, it is honestly impossible to say what part of the repatriated export surplus was a drain, and what was not. However calling all of it a drain is definitely misguided.
It's worth noting that Patnaik seems to make no attempt to quantify the benefits of the Raj either, Dewey (2019)'s 2nd criticism:
she [Patnaik] consistently ignores research that would tend to cut the economic impact of the drain down to size, such as the work on the sources of investment during the industrial revolution (which shows that industrialisation was financed by the ploughed-back profits of industrialists) or the costs of empire school (which stresses the high price of imperial defence)

Since tropical goods were highly prized in other cold temperate countries which could never produce them, in effect these free goods represented international purchasing power for Britain which kept a part for its own use and re-exported the balance to other countries in Europe and North America against import of food grains, iron and other goods in which it was deficient.
Re-exports necessarily adds value to goods when the goods are processed and when the goods are transported. The country with the largest navy at the time would presumably be in very good stead to do the latter.
The British historians Phyllis Deane and WA Cole presented an incorrect estimate of Britain’s 18th-19th century trade volume, by leaving out re-exports completely. I found that by 1800 Britain’s total trade was 62% higher than their estimate, on applying the correct definition of trade including re-exports, that is used by the United Nations and by all other international organisations.
While interesting, and certainly expected for such an old book, re-exporting necessarily adds value to goods.
When the Crown took over from the Company, from 1861 a clever system was developed under which all of India’s financial gold and forex earnings from its fast-rising commodity export surplus with the world, was intercepted and appropriated by Britain. As before up to a third of India’s rising budgetary revenues was not spent domestically but was set aside as ‘expenditure abroad’.
So, what does this mean? Britain appropriated all of India's earnings, and then spent a third of it aboard? Not exactly. She is describing home charges see Roy (2019) again:
Some of the expenditures on defense and administration were made in sterling and went out of the country. This payment by the government was known as the Home Charges. For example, interest payment on loans raised to finance construction of railways and irrigation works, pensions paid to retired officers, and purchase of stores, were payments in sterling. [...] almost all money that the government paid abroad corresponded to the purchase of a service from abroad. [...] The balance of payments system that emerged after 1800 was based on standard business principles. India bought something and paid for it. State revenues were used to pay for wages of people hired abroad, pay for interest on loans raised abroad, and repatriation of profits on foreign investments coming into India. These were legitimate market transactions.
Indeed, if paying for what you buy is drain, then several billions of us are drained every day.
The Secretary of State for India in Council, based in London, invited foreign importers to deposit with him the payment (in gold, sterling and their own currencies) for their net imports from India, and these gold and forex payments disappeared into the yawning maw of the SoS’s account in the Bank of England.
It should be noted that India having two heads was beneficial, and encouraged investment per Roy (2019):
The fact that the India Office in London managed a part of the monetary system made India creditworthy, stabilized its currency, and encouraged foreign savers to put money into railways and private enterprise in India. Current research on the history of public debt shows that stable and large colonies found it easier to borrow abroad than independent economies because the investors trusted the guarantee of the colonist powers.

Against India’s net foreign earnings he issued bills, termed Council bills (CBs), to an equivalent rupee value. The rate (between gold-linked sterling and silver rupee) at which the bills were issued, was carefully adjusted to the last farthing, so that foreigners would never find it more profitable to ship financial gold as payment directly to Indians, compared to using the CB route. Foreign importers then sent the CBs by post or by telegraph to the export houses in India, that via the exchange banks were paid out of the budgeted provision of sums under ‘expenditure abroad’, and the exporters in turn paid the producers (peasants and artisans) from whom they sourced the goods.
Sunderland (2013) argues CBs had two main roles (and neither were part of a grand plot to keep gold out of India):
Council bills had two roles. They firstly promoted trade by handing the IO some control of the rate of exchange and allowing the exchange banks to remit funds to India and to hedge currency transaction risks. They also enabled the Indian government to transfer cash to England for the payment of its UK commitments.

The United Nations (1962) historical data for 1900 to 1960, show that for three decades up to 1928 (and very likely earlier too) India posted the second highest merchandise export surplus in the world, with USA in the first position. Not only were Indians deprived of every bit of the enormous international purchasing power they had earned over 175 years, even its rupee equivalent was not issued to them since not even the colonial government was credited with any part of India’s net gold and forex earnings against which it could issue rupees. The sleight-of-hand employed, namely ‘paying’ producers out of their own taxes, made India’s export surplus unrequited and constituted a tax-financed drain to the metropolis, as had been correctly pointed out by those highly insightful classical writers, Dadabhai Naoroji and RCDutt.
It doesn't appear that others appreciate their insight Roy (2019):
K. N. Chaudhuri rightly calls such practice ‘confused’ economics ‘coloured by political feelings’.

Surplus budgets to effect such heavy tax-financed transfers had a severe employment–reducing and income-deflating effect: mass consumption was squeezed in order to release export goods. Per capita annual foodgrains absorption in British India declined from 210 kg. during the period 1904-09, to 157 kg. during 1937-41, and to only 137 kg by 1946.
Dewey (1978) points out reliability issues with Indian agriculutural statistics, however this calorie decline persists to this day. Some of it is attributed to less food being consumed at home Smith (2015), a lower infectious disease burden Duh & Spears (2016) and diversified diets Vankatesh et al. (2016).
If even a part of its enormous foreign earnings had been credited to it and not entirely siphoned off, India could have imported modern technology to build up an industrial structure as Japan was doing.
This is, unfortunately, impossible to prove. Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication that India would've united (this is arguably more plausible than the given counterfactual1). Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication India would not have been nuked in WW2, much like Japan. Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication India would not have been invaded by lizard people, much like Japan. The list continues eternally.
Nevertheless, I will charitably examine the given counterfactual anyway. Did pre-colonial India have industrial potential? The answer is a resounding no.
From Gupta (1980):
This article starts from the premise that while economic categories - the extent of commodity production, wage labour, monetarisation of the economy, etc - should be the basis for any analysis of the production relations of pre-British India, it is the nature of class struggles arising out of particular class alignments that finally gives the decisive twist to social change. Arguing on this premise, and analysing the available evidence, this article concludes that there was little potential for industrial revolution before the British arrived in India because, whatever might have been the character of economic categories of that period, the class relations had not sufficiently matured to develop productive forces and the required class struggle for a 'revolution' to take place.
A view echoed in Raychaudhuri (1983):
Yet all of this did not amount to an economic situation comparable to that of western Europe on the eve of the industrial revolution. Her technology - in agriculture as well as manufacturers - had by and large been stagnant for centuries. [...] The weakness of the Indian economy in the mid-eighteenth century, as compared to pre-industrial Europe was not simply a matter of technology and commercial and industrial organization. No scientific or geographical revolution formed part of the eighteenth-century Indian's historical experience. [...] Spontaneous movement towards industrialisation is unlikely in such a situation.
So now we've established India did not have industrial potential, was India similar to Japan just before the Meiji era? The answer, yet again, unsurprisingly, is no. Japan's economic situation was not comparable to India's, which allowed for Japan to finance its revolution. From Yasuba (1986):
All in all, the Japanese standard of living may not have been much below the English standard of living before industrialization, and both of them may have been considerably higher than the Indian standard of living. We can no longer say that Japan started from a pathetically low economic level and achieved a rapid or even "miraculous" economic growth. Japan's per capita income was almost as high as in Western Europe before industrialization, and it was possible for Japan to produce surplus in the Meiji Period to finance private and public capital formation.
The circumstances that led to Meiji Japan were extremely unique. See Tomlinson (1985):
Most modern comparisons between India and Japan, written by either Indianists or Japanese specialists, stress instead that industrial growth in Meiji Japan was the product of unique features that were not reproducible elsewhere. [...] it is undoubtably true that Japan's progress to industrialization has been unique and unrepeatable
So there you have it. Unsubstantiated statistical assumptions, calling any number you can a drain & assuming a counterfactual for no good reason gets you this $45 trillion number. Hopefully that's enough to bury it in the ground.
1. Several authors have affirmed that Indian identity is a colonial artefact. For example see Rajan 1969:
Perhaps the single greatest and most enduring impact of British rule over India is that it created an Indian nation, in the modern political sense. After centuries of rule by different dynasties overparts of the Indian sub-continent, and after about 100 years of British rule, Indians ceased to be merely Bengalis, Maharashtrians,or Tamils, linguistically and culturally.
or see Bryant 2000:
But then, it would be anachronistic to condemn eighteenth-century Indians, who served the British, as collaborators, when the notion of 'democratic' nationalism or of an Indian 'nation' did not then exist. [...] Indians who fought for them, differed from the Europeans in having a primary attachment to a non-belligerent religion, family and local chief, which was stronger than any identity they might have with a more remote prince or 'nation'.

Bibliography

Chakrabarti, Shubra & Patnaik, Utsa (2018). Agrarian and other histories: Essays for Binay Bhushan Chaudhuri. Colombia University Press
Hickel, Jason (2018). How the British stole $45 trillion from India. The Guardian
Bhuyan, Aroonim & Sharma, Krishan (2019). The Great Loot: How the British stole $45 trillion from India. Indiapost
Monbiot, George (2020). English Landowners have stolen our rights. It is time to reclaim them. The Guardian
Tsjeng, Zing (2020). How Britain Stole $45 trillion from India with trains | Empires of Dirt. Vice
Chaudhury, Dipanjan (2019). British looted $45 trillion from India in today’s value: Jaishankar. The Economic Times
Roy, Tirthankar (2019). How British rule changed India's economy: The Paradox of the Raj. Palgrave Macmillan
Patnaik, Utsa (2018). How the British impoverished India. Hindustan Times
Tuovila, Alicia (2019). Expenditure method. Investopedia
Dewey, Clive (2019). Changing the guard: The dissolution of the nationalist–Marxist orthodoxy in the agrarian and agricultural history of India. The Indian Economic & Social History Review
Chandra, Bipan et al. (1989). India's Struggle for Independence, 1857-1947. Penguin Books
Frankema, Ewout & Booth, Anne (2019). Fiscal Capacity and the Colonial State in Asia and Africa, c. 1850-1960. Cambridge University Press
Dalal, Sucheta (2019). IL&FS Controversy: Centre is Paying Up on Sovereign Guarantees to ADB, KfW for Group's Loan. TheWire
Chaudhuri, K.N. (1983). X - Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments (1757–1947). Cambridge University Press
Sunderland, David (2013). Financing the Raj: The City of London and Colonial India, 1858-1940. Boydell Press
Dewey, Clive (1978). Patwari and Chaukidar: Subordinate officials and the reliability of India’s agricultural statistics. Athlone Press
Smith, Lisa (2015). The great Indian calorie debate: Explaining rising undernourishment during India’s rapid economic growth. Food Policy
Duh, Josephine & Spears, Dean (2016). Health and Hunger: Disease, Energy Needs, and the Indian Calorie Consumption Puzzle. The Economic Journal
Vankatesh, P. et al. (2016). Relationship between Food Production and Consumption Diversity in India – Empirical Evidences from Cross Section Analysis. Agricultural Economics Research Review
Gupta, Shaibal (1980). Potential of Industrial Revolution in Pre-British India. Economic and Political Weekly
Raychaudhuri, Tapan (1983). I - The mid-eighteenth-century background. Cambridge University Press
Yasuba, Yasukichi (1986). Standard of Living in Japan Before Industrialization: From what Level did Japan Begin? A Comment. The Journal of Economic History
Tomblinson, B.R. (1985). Writing History Sideways: Lessons for Indian Economic Historians from Meiji Japan. Cambridge University Press
Rajan, M.S. (1969). The Impact of British Rule in India. Journal of Contemporary History
Bryant, G.J. (2000). Indigenous Mercenaries in the Service of European Imperialists: The Case of the Sepoys in the Early British Indian Army, 1750-1800. War in History
submitted by GaslightEveryone to u/GaslightEveryone [link] [comments]

I don't know why i am posting this

Technical analysis
spread-betting
https://zerodha.com/varsity/
https://www.babypips.com/learn/forex
technical indicators
Options learning
https://optionalpha.com/
https://www.optionsplaybook.com/option-strategies/
Books
pdf
option books
options noob questions
Youtube
mathematical finance
sensibull
for boomers
Price action
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLT6_Bt_TKitIW6KJ_EliFGeUWzMxm_9D-
algo trading
Podcast
theta gang
options alpha
chat with traders
options playbook
options genius
options bootcamp
apps for news
Some posts which i saved and dont know why
https://www.reddit.com/options/comments/ep7yrs/the_chart_moderators_dont_want_you_to_see/?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share
https://www.reddit.com/Forex/comments/cxn59p/for_all_the_traders_that_just_focus_on_price/?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share
https://www.reddit.com/Forex/comments/cxymyf/a_peek_into_how_financial_institutions_play_this/?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share
https://www.reddit.com/Forex/comments/dmzp14/so_you_wanna_be_a_proffesional_trade?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share
https://www.reddit.com/Forex/comments/6j7qm2/90_day_update_beginners_post/?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share
Edit- https://www.tastytrade.com/tt/learn/
submitted by The-ashura to IndianStreetBets [link] [comments]

آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس

روش خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس

بهترین آموزش بورس از صفر تا صد

دانــلــود آموزش

جامع ترین پکیج آموزش بورس
خرید عرضه اولیه کارگزاری مفید
آموزش خرید سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس
نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه
آموزش فروش سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس
آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه در بورس
آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه تحلیل تکنیکال تشخیص روند بازار
نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام
عرضه اولیه را کی بفروشیم
آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس
تحلیل تکنیکال زبان فارسی
آموزش سرمایه گذاری در بورس به وسیله تحلیل تکنیکال
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی تا پیشرفته بورس
بسته آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال فراتر از کاربردی
بسته آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال
اموزش کامل تحلیل تکنیکال
آموزش کامل تحلیل تکنیکال+ جزوه پی دی اف
تحلیل تکنیکال مجموعه آموزش گام به گام بورس
آموزش بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی تا پیشرفته
آموزش سرمایه گذاری در بورس
آموزش قدم به قدم تحلیل تکنیکال
دانلود رایگان آموزش بورس pdf
آموزش بورس از صفر
پکیج جامع آموزش بورس، از صفر مطلق تا تحلیل تکنیکال
جزوه آموزش بورس
دانلود برنامه آموزش بورس
خرید آموزش بورس
آموزش بورس برای مبتدیان pdf
دانلود رایگان پکیج تالار بورس
اگر امکان دارد آن را به فارسی ایمیل کنید نتایج وب
نحوه خرید آنلاین عرضه اولیه سهام - خانه سرمایهwww.khanesarmaye.com › ipo-online ۲۲ اسفند ۱۳۹۸ - برای آنکه با نحوه خرید آنلاین عرضه اولیه سهام آشنا شویم، شاید بد نباشد، ... یک شرکت برای حضور در بازار بورس، باید مدارک لازم را به سازمان تقدیم ...
عرضه اولیه سهام چیست؟ خرید عرضه اولیه به روش بوک بیلدینگwww.khanesarmaye.com › ipo-bookbuilding عرضه اولیه به روش بوک بیلدینگ، امکان ثبت سفارش به قیمت های متفاوت می باشد. عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس برای سرمایه گذاران مهم می باشد. عرضه اولیه سهام چگونه عرضه اولیه بخریم؟ روش بوک بیلدینگ در عرضه اولیه چیست؟
مراحل خرید سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس بصورت گام به گام همراه ...ihadaf.com › مراحل-خرید-سهام-عرضه-اولیه نحوه خرید سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس. برای خرید عرضه اولیه به دو صورت انلاین و آفلاین میتوان اقدام نمود. در خرید آفلاین سرمایه گذار باید قیمت و حجم در خواستی ( همانطور ... ‏IPO یا عرضه اولیه سهام چیست؟ · ‏نحوه دریافت کد معاملات برخط · ‏معاملات برخط چیست؟
عرضه اولیه چیست ؟ + فیلم آموزش نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه + ... - ...talarebourse.com › ipo ۲۳ اسفند ۱۳۹۸ - عرضه اولیه چیست؟ عرضه اولیه یا عرضه عمومی اولیه یعنی وقتی سهام یک شرکتی برای اولین بار در بورس می‌آید و ما بتوانیم از طریق بورس سهام آن ...
آموزش کامل عرضه اولیه سهام (آنچه برای کسب سود باید بدانید ...www.bourseiness.com › initial-public-offering-guarante... امروز در سایت بورسینس، روش خرید سهام در عرضه اولیه را شرح می‌دهیم. عرضه اولیه سهام شرکت‌ها در بورس تهران به روش بوک بیلدینگ (ثبت سفارش یا Book Building) ...
چگونه ۲ روز زودتر از دیگران عرضه اولیه بخریم؟bashgah.com › blog › خرید-عرضه-اولیه ۱۶ تیر ۱۳۹۸ - در این مقاله آموزشی نحوه ارسال سفارش 2 روز زودتر از زمان عرضه توضیح داده می شود | در ... عرضه اولیه به زبان ساده یعنی فروش سهام یک شرکت که به‌تازگی وارد بازار بورس ... روش فعلی برای ارسال سفارش خرید عرضه اولیه در بازار بورس و ...
نحوه خرید سهام اولیه در بورس - تابناک | TABNAKwww.tabnak.ir › صفحه نخست › اقتصادی ۱۲ مرداد ۱۳۹۸ - عرضه اولیه یک شرکت در بورس به این معنی نیست که آن شرکت، شرکت تازه ایست. بلکه به این معنی است که به تازگی اجازه خرید و فروش سهام آن در ... ویدئوها
8:22 آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه آپارات - ۱۱ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
2:11 آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه در بورس آپارات - ۳۱ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
3:44 نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه آپارات - ۷ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
15:06 آموزش نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه آپارات - ۱۶ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
8:47 آموزش فروش سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس آپارات - ۱۶ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
6:54 آموزش خرید سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس آپارات - ۲۹ آذر ۱۳۹۸
1:36 آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه آپارات - ۴ مهر ۱۳۹۸ نتایج وب
اولین پیام کارگزاری‌ها درباره عرضه اولیه «پیزد» / امکان ...tejaratnews.com › ثبت-سفارش-برای-پیزد ۲ روز پیش - پس از اعلام زمان عرضه اولیه «پیزد»، امروز کارگزاری‌ها به سهامداران در این مورد پیامی دادند و امکان ثبت سفارش برای خرید آفلاین سهام این نماد بورسی فعال شد. ... نقدینگی موردنیاز چقدر است؟ بهترین روش ورود و سرمایه‌گذاری در بورس ایران ... تصاویر برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس فیلترهای جستجوی هدایت‌شده کارگزاری آگاهبوک بیلدینگاوراق بهادارفرابورسسرمایه گذاریمعاملاتیمعاملاتبورسیفارابیکسوagahسودنمادipoسهامی نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس نتیجه تصویری برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس مشاهده همه تصاویر بیشتر برای نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس گزارش تصاویر جستجوهای مربوط به نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس خرید عرضه اولیه کارگزاری مفید
نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه به روش بوک بیلدینگ
خرید عرضه اولیه در روز دوم
خرید عرضه اولیه بدون پول
خرید عرضه اولیه از چند کارگزاری
خرید عرضه اولیه با کد افلاین
کانال تلگرام عرضه اولیه بورس
آموزش بورس
پیمایش صفحه
دانلود فایل پکیج جامع آموزش بورس، از صفر مطلق تا تحلیل ...fapool.ir › file جامع ترین پکیج آموزش بورس، از صفر مطلق تا تحلیل تکنیکال + جامع ترین پکیج ... توضیح: این پکیج حاوی 40 فایل PDF درس های 1 تا 40، یک فایل word حاوی ... رتبه: ۴٫۴ - ‏۴۲ مرور
کاملترین پکیج آموزش بورس (مبتدی و پیشرفته) و بازار ...fileme.net › دانلود ها › کسب درآمد آموزش بورس به زبان ساده شامل یادگیری مفاهیم بورسی، آموزش گام به گام سرمایه ... کاملترین پکیج آموزش بورس (مبتدی و پیشرفته) و بازار سهام + ویدئو صوت pdf.
آموزش صفر تا صد تحلیل تکنیکال بورس pdf - پکیج ...boursaraa.blog.ir › آموزش-صفر-تا-صد-تحلیل-تکنی... ۲۴ تیر ۱۳۹۷ - این تحلیل را می توان در بازار بورس اوراق بهادار، بازار ارزهای خارجی، بازار طلا و دیگر فلزات گران‌بها و برای ... دانلود فایل pdf آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال. شما این صفحه را 2 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/13/20
دانلود-رایگان-پکیج-بورس-کامل-و-جامع-pdf :: آموزش بورسboursaraa.blog.ir › tag › دانلود-رایگان-پکیج-بورس-ک... ۱ مطلب با کلمه‌ی کلیدی «دانلود-رایگان-پکیج-بورس-کامل-و-جامع-pdf» ثبت شده است - آموزش بورس از صفر تا صد ، پکیج آموزشی بورس.
دانلود رایگان کتاب: 3 گام تا ورود به دنیای بورس ( فایل PDF ...www.bourseiness.com › 3-steps-to-enter-the-world-of-b... در کتاب pdf راهنمای بورس با عنوان 3 گام تا ورود به دنیای بورس، ما روش شروع ... یک دوره آموزشی کامل بصورت پکیج آموزشی درآمده تا افرادی که قصد دارند بورس را از ...
کالج تی بورس: آموزش بورس از صفر تا صد ( دانلود رایگان ...tboursecollege.com آموزش بورس از صفر تا صد شامل تحلیل بنیادی ، تحلیل تکنیکال ، مدیریت سرمایه و . ... بورس را رایگان استارت بزنید | دانلود رایگان فیلم آموزش بورس | PDF آموزش ...
آموزش بورس از صفر (+ دانلود رایگان فیلم و MP3 اموزش کسب ...talarebourse.com › bourse0 ۲۴ خرداد ۱۳۹۵ - ماهانه در بورس چقدر می توان سود کرد؟ چگونه در بورس پولمان را ۳ برابر کنیم؟ نحوه سود کردن در بورس چگونه است؟ دانلود رایگان مجموعه صوتی آموزش ... شما این صفحه را 3 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/5/20
آموزش بورس 2020 (+ دانلود رایگان ویدیو آموزش گام به گام) | ...faranesh.com › blog › learning-bourse-trade-step-by-step سوال های مقدماتی دنیای بورس; مجموعه آموزش بورس. یادگیری تحلیل تکنیکال بازار سرمایه; پکیج آموزش بورس. نکات مهم ورود به دنیای بورس و بازار های مالی; بررسی ...
پکیج کامل دوره آموزش کامل بورس ایران از مقدماتی تا ...rasoliy.ir › پکیج آموزش بورس پکیج کامل آموزش بورس ایران از مقدماتی دوره تا پیشرفته بورس را یاد بگیرید دوره ... pdf, دوره جامع آموزش بورس, سایت آموزش بورس, فیلم آموزش بورس رایگان مدرس: محمد ... رتبه: ۵ - ‏۶ مرور
آموزش صفر تا صد فارکس - دانلود فایل های pdf آموزش فارکس ...persianbourse.com › ... › آموزش صفر تا صد فارکس ۱۷ اسفند ۱۳۹۷ - آموزش صفر تا صد فارکس - دانلود فایل های pdf آموزش فارکس - دوره آموزش معاملات ... پرشین بورس پکیج آموزشی فارکس تحلیل تکنیکال فارکس pdf ... جستجوهای مربوط به پکیج آموزش بورس pdf دانلود رایگان آموزش بورس pdf
آموزش بورس از صفر
پکیج جامع آموزش بورس، از صفر مطلق تا تحلیل تکنیکال
جزوه آموزش بورس
دانلود برنامه آموزش بورس
خرید آموزش بورس
آموزش بورس برای مبتدیان pdf
دانلود رایگان پکیج تالار بورس
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال بورس مقدماتی تا پیشرفته - فرانشfaranesh.com › blog › stock-technical-analysis آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال رایگان + ویدیو آموزشی: کندل شناسی، حمایت و مقاومت، خط روند و ... | یادگیری کامل و جامع از مقدماتی تا پیشرفته در فرانش. ‏آموزش گام به گام بورس · ‏الگوها در تحلیل تکنیکال ... · ‏آموزش تابلو خوانی در بورس
فیلم های آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی تا پیشرفته بورس ...chartiran.com › تحلیل-تکنیکال-به-زبان-فارسی فیلم های آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته بورس تا مقدماتی قرار میگیرد امیدواریم از دانلود فیلم ویدیوهای آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته تا مقدماتی بورس.
ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﮑﻨﻴﮑﺎﻝ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺗﯽ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﺪﺭﺱ: ﻓﺮﻫﺎwww.bsbourse.com › images › book_paper › tahlil_techn...PDF ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ رﻓﺘﺎر و ﺣﺮﮐﺎت ﻗﯿﻤﺖ ﺳﻬﺎم در ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪف ﭘﯿﺶ ﺑﯿﻨﯽ روﻧﺪ ﻗﯿﻤﺖ ... ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ. ﺗﮑﻨﯿﮑﺎل ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺗﯽ. | 4 P a g e - h t t p : / / m q l . b l o g f a . c o m /. •. ﻧﻤﻮدار ﻗﯿﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﺗﺠﻠﯽ اﻓﮑﺎر ﻋﻤﻮﻣﯽ اﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮ اﺳﺎس اﺻﻮل رواﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﯽ ... ﺻﻌﻮدی ﺑﺮای ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﯽ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﯽ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ راه آﻫﻦ ﻧﯿﺰ ﺻﻌﻮد ﻧﻤﯽ ﮐﺮد ﺗﺎﯾﯿﺪ ﻧﻤﯽ ﺷﺪ. شما این صفحه را 3 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/4/20
دوره دوم آموزش بورس - آشنایی با بورس + تحلیل تکنیکال ...www.aparat.com › result › تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی آموزش بورس:آموزش مقدماتی امواج الیوت در تحلیل تکنیکال توسط مهدی صالحی چکیده. آموزش بورس تهران از مبتدی تا پیشرفته صفرتاصد. 711 بازدید 3 هفته پیش.
تکنیکال مقدماتی - بآشگاه مشتریان کارگزاری آگاهbashgah.com › خانه › فیلم آموزشی اگر به دنبال آموزش بورس هستید. ما از ابتدا تا انتهای این مسیر همراه شما هستیم. تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی – اصول تحلیل تکنیکال ... ویدئوها
35:14 دوره آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی بخش 1 آپارات - ۱۸ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
30:51 دوره آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی بخش 3 آپارات - ۲۳ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
39:25 آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال جلسه اول آپارات - ۴ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
43:10 آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) آپارات - ۲۷ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
26:19 دوره آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی بخش 2 آپارات - ۲۰ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
57:16 دوره دوم آموزش بورس - آشنایی با بورس + تحلیل تکنیکال ... آپارات - ۲۵ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
27:44 دوره آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی بخش 4 آپارات - ۲۷ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
5:33 آموزش بورس | تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته قسمت 2 آپارات - ۴ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
14:53 آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی و پیشرفته (جلسه اول-بخش دوم) آپارات - ۲۷ مرداد ۱۳۹۸
1:24:23 آموزش ویدئویی مبانی بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی قسمت 1 آپارات - ۲۵ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
آموزش بورس از صفر (+ دانلود رایگان فیلم و MP3 اموزش کسب ...talarebourse.com › bourse0 ۲۴ خرداد ۱۳۹۵ - ماهانه در بورس چقدر می توان سود کرد؟ چگونه در بورس پولمان را ۳ برابر کنیم؟ نحوه سود کردن در بورس چگونه است؟ دانلود رایگان مجموعه صوتی آموزش ... شما این صفحه را 3 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/5/20
کالج تی بورس: آموزش بورس از صفر تا صد ( دانلود رایگان ...tboursecollege.com آموزش بورس از صفر تا صد شامل تحلیل بنیادی ، تحلیل تکنیکال ، مدیریت سرمایه و ... ثبت‌نام کنید تا مشاوران ما به صورت رایگان اطلاعات شما در بورس را افزایش دهند.
صفر تا صد بورس - دوره آموزشی مفاهیم اولیه بورس به زبان ساده ...persianbourse.com › amozeshsefrtasadborssoti97 ۱۴ اسفند ۱۳۹۷ - صفر تا صد بورس - دوره آموزشی مفاهیم اولیه بورس به زبان ساده ... 1-, بورس ، بازار ، ویژگی ها, 11-, تحلیل صورت های مالی شرکت های بورسی, 21- ...
آموزش بورس به صورت گام به گام و روش های سرمایه گذاری در آن ...www.khanesarmaye.com › step1 موضوع آموزش بورس که در آن ریسک از دست دادن سرمایه مطرح است، بیش از پیش اهمیت دارد. ... آموزش تئوری و عملی، صفر تا ۱۰۰ سرمایه گذاری موفق در بورس را فرا می‌گیرید. ... خانه سرمایه از سال ۱۳۹۰ به صورت تخصصی بر روی آموزش سرمایه گذاری در بورس ... شما این صفحه را 3 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/5/20
آموزش بورس 2020 (+ دانلود رایگان ویدیو آموزش گام به گام) | ...faranesh.com › blog › learning-bourse-trade-step-by-step ... رایگان ویدیوی آموزشی). آموزش جامع و رایگان بورس: از ورود به بورس تا خرید بهترین سهام ... یادگیری مفاهیم و قوانین بورس به صورت گام به گام. آموزش TSETMC و ... ‏فیلم آموزش بورس رایگان · ‏بورس چیست؟ · ‏انواع بورس و بازار های مالی ...
آموزش بورس به صورت تخصصی از صفر تا 100 در سایت شیپورwww.sheypoor.com › همه ایران آموزش بورس مقدماتی و پیشرفته سرمایه گزاری در بورس و اوراق بهادار به صورت تکنیکال در تهران،شیراز،اصفهان و شهر‌های دیگر.
پکیج آموزشی جامع بزرگان بورس – آموزش بورس-کانون بورسkanoonebourse.com › پکیج-آموزشی-جامع-بزرگان-بورس ۱۳ اردیبهشت ۱۳۹۹ - اگر در جستجوی یک پکیج آموزش بورس (آموزش صفر تا صد بورس) یا فیلم ... در یکی از بهترین و تخصصی ترین مراکز و موسسه های آموزش بورس در ایران ... در کلاس بزرگان بورس همه این موارد به صورت کامل و جامع بابیان شیوای مهندس ...
آموزش گام به گام سرمایه گذاری در بورس به زبان ساده - بورسینسwww.bourseiness.com › learning-for-beginners در صورتی که شغلی ندارید و یا در هر صورت به فکر درآمد ثابت ماهانه هستید، بورس برای ... نزدیک 100 شرکت کارگزاری فعال، انتخاب از بین آنها برای شما مشکل خواه بود. ... کنید و در دوره آموزش بورس از صفر ایمیل‌تان را وارد کنید تا فایل‌های آموزشی برای ...
آموزش بورس از صفر تا صد | خبرگزاری ایلناwww.ilna.news › بخش-بنگاه-ها-206 › 810689-آموزش-ب... ۲۵ شهریور ۱۳۹۸ - آیا با آموزش بورس می توانم سرمایه زیادی به دست آورم؟ ... یا در مورد آموزش بورس وبسایت های زیادی را جستجو کرده باشید، در هر صورت بازار بورس جای پر ریسکی است. ... 15 سال معامله گری، صفر تا صد بورس را در اختیاران علاقه مندان قرار می دهد. ... و بهداشتی در پروازهای قشم ایر برای مسافرین · اولین وبینار تخصصی ... جستجوهای مرتبط فیلم بورس مشاهده 3 مورد + موارد دیگر مارجین کال مارجین کال اتاق بخار اتاق بخار ‪Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room‬‏ Enron: The Smartest... ‪Too Big to Fail‬‏ Too Big to Fail ‪Floored‬‏ Floored اماکن تجاری اماکن تجاری معامله‌گر سرکش معامله‌گر سرکش بازخورد جستجوهای مربوط به آموزش بورس به صورت تخصصی از صفر تا 100 آموزش صفر تا صد بورس pdf
آموزش بورس از صفر pdf
فیلم آموزش بورس
آموزش بورس حامد ثقفی
پکیج آموزش بورس
سایت آموزش بورس
آموزش بورس مفید
بهترین آموزش بورس
آموزش بورس - باشگاه کارگزاری آگاهbashgah.com › blog › education آموزش بورس شامل یادگیری تحلیل ها، بازارشناسی و تحلیل بنیادی می باشد. کارگزاری آگاه تا کنون بیش از 600 دوره موفق آموزش بورس را در ایران برگزار کرده است. ... دوره آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی و پیشرفته و آموزش تصویری بورس از طریق فیلم ...
بسته آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال - آموزش خرید سهام از روی نمودارهاtalarebourse.com › shop › technical-analysis بهترین آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال که می‌توان در خانه و با کامپیوتر به صورت فیلم ویدیویی مشاهده کرد. ... شرایط خوبی داشته باشد تا زمانی که تقاضای خرید برای سهام آن شرکت زیاد نشود، ... تحلیل تکنیکال ۱ (مقدماتی) ... تحلیل تکنیکال ۲ (پیشرفته).
آموزش مقدماتی تحلیل تکنیکال (Technical Analysis) در ...faradars.org › courses › fvtifn9704-basic-of-technical-a... آموزش مقدماتی تحلیل تکنیکال (Technical Analysis) در بازارهای مالی (Financial ... می توان به کتاب غلبه بر بازار که توسط انتشارات سازمان بورس به چاپ رسیده، اشاره نمود. ... هدف از این فرادرس، آموزش اصول تحلیل تکنیکال به عنوان یکی از موثرترین روش های ... هر هفته به فرادرس سر میزنم تا ببینم دوره پیشرفته رو کی منتشر می کنید.
بسته آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال فراتر از کاربردی – آکادمی خانه ...www.khanesarmaye.com › academy › product با استفاده از این مجموعه شما تبدیل به یک تحلیلگر حرفه ای بازار شده و خودتان میتوانید ... در کمتر از ۳ دقیقه معرفی بسته آموزشی تحلیل تکنیکال کاربردی مختص بورس ایران را ... مپنا را در ۱۹۰ تومان بخرید و تا ۹۰۰ تومان با سهم بمانید (۳۷۰٪ سود ) ... فلسفه تحلیل تکنیکال; ساختار نمودار; مفاهیم مقدماتی روند; فیبوناچی و نقاط حمایتی ... رتبه: ۴٫۷ - ‏۱۹ مرور جستجوهای مربوط به آموزش بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی تا پیشرفته آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی
آموزش گام به گام تحلیل تکنیکال
آموزش قدم به قدم تحلیل تکنیکال
اصول تحلیل تکنیکال
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال بورس ایران
فیلم آموزش بورس
نرم افزار تحلیل تکنیکال بورس
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال خانه سرمایه
پیمایش صفحه
عرضه اولیه سهام چیست؟ خرید عرضه اولیه به روش بوک بیلدینگwww.khanesarmaye.com › ipo-bookbuilding عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس برای سرمایه گذاران مهم می باشد. ... پس اگر علاقه مند به آشنایی با مباحث عرضه اولیه سهام و آموزش بورس و هم چنین روش بوک بیلدینگ هستید، با ... عرضه اولیه سهام چگونه عرضه اولیه بخریم؟ روش بوک بیلدینگ در عرضه اولیه چیست؟
عرضه اولیه چیست ؟ + فیلم آموزش نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه + ... - ...talarebourse.com › ipo ۲۳ اسفند ۱۳۹۸ - عرضه اولیه یا عرضه عمومی اولیه یعنی وقتی سهام یک شرکتی برای اولین بار در بورس می‌آید و ما بتوانیم از طریق بورس سهام آن شرکت را بخریم،
آموزش کامل عرضه اولیه سهام (آنچه برای کسب سود باید بدانید ...www.bourseiness.com › initial-public-offering-guarante... قبلا از اینکه روش بوک‌بیلدینگ برای عرضه اولیه در بورس تهران به کار رود، خریداری سهام در عرضه اولیه کار آسانی نبود و اغلب با مشکل مواجه می‌شد. زیرا همزمان تعداد ...
آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس - فرانشfaranesh.com › blog › initial-public-offering آموزش کامل عرضه اولیه سهام در بورس: با ویدیو آموزشی رایگان | عرضه اولیه چرا سود دارد؟ چگونه بخریم؟ سقف خرید آن؟ اطلاع یافتن از زمان عرضه؟! ‏چرا عرضه اولیه سود دارد؟ · ‏چگونه از زمان عرضه اولیه ... · ‏سقف خرید عرضه اولیه
مراحل خرید سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس بصورت گام به گام همراه ...ihadaf.com › مراحل-خرید-سهام-عرضه-اولیه خرید سهام عرضه اولیه برای افراد دارای کدبورسی (کدمعاملاتی) آزاد می باشد. خرید سهام در عرضه اولیه یک راه بی‌خطر برای تجربه اولین سرمایه‌گذاری در بورس می باشد، زیرا ...
آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه - آپاراتwww.aparat.com › آموزش_خرید_عرضه_اولیه دوستان علاقه مند به بورس می توانند ویدئو های آموزشی ما را در این کانال بازدید نمایند. برای دریافت کد بورسی و خرید و فروش آنلاین سهام به سایت ما مراجعه نمایید ... ویدئوها
2:02 آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه در کارگزاری مفید آپارات - ۱ روز پیش
8:22 آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه آپارات - ۱۱ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
2:11 آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه در بورس آپارات - ۳۱ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
8:47 آموزش فروش سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس آپارات - ۱۶ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
3:44 نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه آپارات - ۷ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
6:54 آموزش خرید سهام عرضه اولیه در بورس آپارات - ۲۹ آذر ۱۳۹۸
15:06 آموزش نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه آپارات - ۱۶ بهمن ۱۳۹۸
1:36 آموزش خرید عرضه اولیه آپارات - ۴ مهر ۱۳۹۸ نتایج وب
عرضه اولیه چیست ؟ (تمام نکات لازم برای خرید) - بآشگاه ...bashgah.com › blog › عرضه-اولیه-چیست-تمام-نکات-لا... ۸ آبان ۱۳۹۸ - عرضه اولیه چیست و به چه معناست وقتی سهام شرکتی اولین بار در بورس عرضه می شود ... از صفر تا صد بورس را توسط بهترین اساتید آموزش ببینید.
عرضه اولیه چیست؟ چگونه آن را خریداری کنیم؟ | آموزش بورس از ...tboursecollege.com › بورس را استارت بزن اگر بخواهیم عرضه اولیه را به‌طور خلاصه بیان کنیم به شرکت هایی که سهام شان برای اولین بار در بورس به فروش می‌رسد را عرضه اولیه گویند. معمولاً این عرضه اولیه ها ... رتبه: ۳ - ‏۱ رأی تصاویر برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس فیلترهای جستجوی هدایت‌شده کارگزاری آگاهفرابورساوراق بهادارمعاملاتیبوک بیلدینگبورسیسرمایه گذارینمادمعاملاتبخریمسودمصطفی روشنی نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نتیجه تصویری برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس مشاهده همه تصاویر بیشتر برای ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس گزارش تصاویر جستجوهای مربوط به ‏آموزش عرضه اولیه سهام بورس نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه سهام
عرضه اولیه را کی بفروشیم
نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه در کارگزاری آگاه
خرید عرضه اولیه کارگزاری مفید
کانال تلگرام عرضه اولیه بورس
خرید عرضه اولیه در روز دوم
آموزش بورس
نحوه خرید عرضه اولیه به روش بوک بیلدینگ
مجموعه آموزش بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال - مقدماتی تا پیشرفته ...faradars.org › stock-and-technical-analysis فیلم های آموزشی بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال و مباحث مرتبط با آن از مبتدی تا پیشرفته، به صورت گام به گام و کاربردی با مجرب‌ ترین اساتید‎ شما این صفحه را 2 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/1/20
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال بورس رایگان 2020 (+ دانلود ویدیوی ...faranesh.com › blog › stock-technical-analysis آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال رایگان + ویدیو آموزشی: کندل شناسی، حمایت و مقاومت، خط روند و ... | یادگیری کامل و جامع از مقدماتی تا پیشرفته در فرانش. ‏آموزش گام به گام بورس · ‏الگوها در تحلیل تکنیکال ... · ‏آموزش تابلو خوانی در بورس ویدئوها
39:25 آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال جلسه اول آپارات - ۴ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
43:10 آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) آپارات - ۲۷ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
10:24 آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال بورس به زبان ساده آپارات - ۳ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
25:20 آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال جلسه سوم آپارات - ۶ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
5:52 آموزش الگوهای تحلیل تکنیکال با جناب مهندس هادی نورپوری کارگزاری فارابی - ۴ تیر ۱۳۹۷
35:14 دوره آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی بخش 1 آپارات - ۱۸ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
8:28 آموزش بورس:تحلیل تکنیکال تشخیص روند بازار آپارات - ۲۶ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
4:57 آموزش بورس | تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته قسمت 1 آپارات - ۴ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
29:27 آموزش بورس :(تحلیل تکنیکال) فلسفه تحلیل تکنیکال مدرس ... آپارات - ۹ اردیبهشت ۱۳۹۹
26:41 آموزش سرمایه گذاری در بورس به وسیله تحلیل تکنیکال - قسمت 1 گروه آموزشی پژواک دانش YouTube - ۱۵ تیر ۱۳۹۸ نتایج وب
تحلیل تکنیکال بورس در بازارهای مالی به چه روشی انجام می شود؟www.khanesarmaye.com › technicalanalysis تحلیل تکنیکال بورس در بازار های مالی روشی برای پیش بینی رفتار احتمالی نمودار از طریق داده های گذشته همچون قیمت و تغییرات آن، حجم ... آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال ...
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال - آپاراتwww.aparat.com › result › آموزش_تحلیل_تکنیکال تحلیل تکنیکال - آموزش میانگین های متحرک(moving average) برای تحلیل بورس تهران. همه چیز درباره بورس. 79 بازدید 3 روز پیش. 51:35 ...
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال | - بورسینسwww.bourseiness.com › technical-analysis-training دسته‌بندی کلی برای همه موارد آموزشی تحلیل تکنیکال اعم از فیلم‌ها، کتاب‌های الکترونیک، دوره‌های آنلاین آموزش ... شرح 3 الگوی مثلث در بورس (همراه استراتژی معاملات).
فیلم های آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی تا پیشرفته بورس ...chartiran.com › تحلیل-تکنیکال-به-زبان-فارسی فیلم های آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته بورس تا مقدماتی قرار میگیرد امیدواریم از دانلود فیلم ویدیوهای آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته تا مقدماتی بورس.
آموزش بورس - باشگاه کارگزاری آگاهbashgah.com › blog › education آموزش بورس به زبان ساده شامل یادگیری مفاهیم بورسی، آموزش گام به گام سرمایه گذاری در بورس، آشنایی با تحلیل تکنیکال، درک مفاهیم تحلیل بنیادی و کسب دانش ...
بسته آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال - آموزش خرید سهام از روی ... - بورسtalarebourse.com › shop › technical-analysis بسته آموزشی خرید و فروش سهام از روی نمودارها. بهترین آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال که می‌توان در خانه و با کامپیوتر به صورت فیلم ویدیویی مشاهده کرد. تصاویر برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) فیلترهای جستجوی هدایت‌شده سهامفرادرسدورهفارکساوراق بهاداربورسیعلیرضا کریمیانکارگزارینموداراندیکاتورمقدماتیمعاملاتسرمایهبازارسهمنمودارهایمعاملاتیفرانش نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) نتیجه تصویری برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) مشاهده همه تصاویر بیشتر برای آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) گزارش تصاویر جستجوهای مربوط به آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال بورس به زبان ساده
نرم افزار تحلیل تکنیکال بورس
آموزش قدم به قدم تحلیل تکنیکال
تحلیل تکنیکال فرادرس
دانلودکتاب تحلیل تکنیکال بورس
فیلم آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته
آموزش گام به گام تحلیل تکنیکال
مجموعه آموزش بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال - مقدماتی تا پیشرفته ...faradars.org › stock-and-technical-analysis مجموعه آموزش بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال | مقدماتی تا پیشرفته. امروزه، یکی از فعالیت‌ های مفید و پرسود اقتصادی ورود به بازار سهام و فعالیت در آن است. اما این حوزه نیز ... ‏(Technical Analysis) معاملات ... · ‏آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال ... · ‏آموزش مقدماتی بازار بورس شما این صفحه را 2 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/1/20
آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال بورس رایگان 2020 (+ دانلود ویدیوی ...faranesh.com › blog › stock-technical-analysis رفتن به مجموعه آموزش بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال - این مجموعه شامل مفاهیمی ساده مثل کندل شناسی و رنگ بندی ... از تحلیل تکنیکال در بورس بداند، گفته شده است. ‏آموزش گام به گام بورس · ‏الگوها در تحلیل تکنیکال ... · ‏آموزش تابلو خوانی در بورس
آموزش بورس - باشگاه کارگزاری آگاهbashgah.com › blog › education آموزش بورس شامل یادگیری تحلیل ها، بازارشناسی و تحلیل بنیادی می باشد. ... از بورس، آموزش معاملات آنلاین و نظایر آن در مجموعه اموزش بورس اوراق بهادار قرار می گیرد.
مجموعه کامل آموزش مفاهیم تکنیکال - دانشکده آموزش بازار بورس ...fxf1.com › forex-trading-videos › مجموعه-کامل-آموزش-م... مجموعه کامل آموزش مفاهیم تکنیکال :روشی برای پیش‌بینی قیمت‌ها در بازار از طریق مطالعه وضعیت گذشته بازار است. در این تحلیل از طریق بررسی تغییرات و نوسان‌ ... ویدئوها
43:10 آموزش بورس (تحلیل تکنیکال) آپارات - ۲۷ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
9:54 مجموعه ویدئوهای آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال - قسمت دهم آپارات - ۱ شهریور ۱۳۹۷
30:26 معرفی منابع آموزشی بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال - از صفر تا صد FaraDars — فرادرس YouTube - ۷ اردیبهشت ۱۳۹۹
پیش‌نمایش 0:42 کارگاه تحلیل تکنیکال مجموعه آموزش گام به گام بورس آپارات - ۲۵ فروردین ۱۳۹۷
1:55 مجموعه ویدئوهای آموزش تکنیکال - قسمت اول آپارات - ۱ شهریور ۱۳۹۷
29:43 اموزش کامل تحلیل تکنیکال | از صفر تا صد تحلیل تکنیکال ... آپارات - ۳۰ دی ۱۳۹۷
پیش‌نمایش 4:07 0 تا 100 آموزش بورس رایگان آپارات - ۱۲ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
43:00 آموزش سرمایه گذاری در بورس به وسیله تحلیل تکنیکال - قسمت ... آپارات - ۲۴ اسفند ۱۳۹۸
1:15:01 دانلود فیلم آموزش تحلیل بورس | تحلیل تکنیکال | امیر هوشنگ ... آپارات - ۱۲ دی ۱۳۹۸
1:22:53 دانلود فیلم آموزش تحلیل بورس | تحلیل تکنیکال | امیر هوشنگ ... آپارات - ۱۲ دی ۱۳۹۸ نتایج وب
فیلم های آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی تا پیشرفته بورس ...chartiran.com › تحلیل-تکنیکال-به-زبان-فارسی فیلم های آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته بورس تا مقدماتی قرار میگیرد ... مجموعه ویدیوهای آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال با اشکان منتخب بی شک شما نیز نسبت به سوددهی ...
بسته آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال - آموزش خرید سهام از روی نمودارهاtalarebourse.com › shop › technical-analysis بهترین آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال که می‌توان در خانه و با کامپیوتر به صورت فیلم ویدیویی مشاهده کرد. ... تحلیل تکنیکال روش بررسی سهام یک شرکت از روی نمودارها است. ... ساختار امواج اصلاحی در الیوت; مجموعه کامل تمامی ریزموجها در یک چرخه کامل الیوت ...
بسته آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال فراتر از کاربردی – آکادمی خانه ...www.khanesarmaye.com › academy › product با استفاده از این مجموعه شما تبدیل به یک تحلیلگر حرفه ای بازار شده و خودتان ... در کمتر از ۳ دقیقه معرفی بسته آموزشی تحلیل تکنیکال کاربردی مختص بورس ... رتبه: ۴٫۷ - ‏۱۹ مرور
تحلیل تکنیکال زبان فارسی بایگانی | فراچارت: آموزش ...farachart.com › فیلم های آموزشی ۵ روز پیش - این آموزش به مباحث تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی می پردازد. در این مجموعه به نکات ریز هر مطلب پرداخته شده و از مثال های زیادی در کنار آموزش استفاده شده.
5 فیلم آموزش کامل تحلیل تکنیکال+ جزوه پی دی اف رایگان - ...honarfardi.com › technical-analysis-free-lessons ۲۴ تیر ۱۳۹۷ - Com، تحلیل تکنیکال ارزهای دیجیتال- آموزش الگوی چکش و چکش وارونه، ... این تحلیل را می توان در بازار بورس اوراق بهادار، بازار ارزهای خارجی، بازار ... جستجوهای مربوط به مجموعه آموزش بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال بورس به زبان ساده
فیلم آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال مقدماتی
آموزش قدم به قدم تحلیل تکنیکال
فیلم آموزش تحلیل تکنیکال پیشرفته
آموزش گام به گام تحلیل تکنیکال
تحلیل تکنیکال فرادرس
نرم افزار تحلیل تکنیکال بورس
دانلودکتاب تحلیل تکنیکال بورس
آموزش بورس به صورت گام به گام و روش های سرمایه گذاری در آن ...www.khanesarmaye.com › step1 اطلاعات کلی دوره جامع آموزش بورس (حتما بخوانید!) ... اینجانب آگاهی کامل دارم که بازار سرمایه همراه با سود و زیان بوده و سرمایه گذاری همواره با مخاطرات و ریسک همراه است. شما این صفحه را 3 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/5/20
آموزش بورس 2020 (+ دانلود رایگان ویدیو آموزش گام به گام) | ...faranesh.com › blog › learning-bourse-trade-step-by-step آموزش جامع و رایگان بورس: از ورود به بورس تا خرید بهترین سهام ... به کامل ترین آموزش بورس رایگان گام به گام در ایران خوش آمدید! ... مزایای سرمایه گذاری در بورس. ‏فیلم آموزش بورس رایگان · ‏بورس چیست؟ · ‏انواع بورس و بازار های مالی ...
آموزش گام به گام سرمایه گذاری در بورس به زبان ساده - بورسینسwww.bourseiness.com › learning-for-beginners روش شروع معامله و سرمایه گذاری در بورس ایران را بیاموزید. ... زیر را در یک دوره جامع داشته باشید و همین الان یادگیری بورس را شروع کنید این صفحه را ببینید. ... برای یادگیری قدم به قدم و کامل، دوره آموزشی آنلاین یا بسته DVD رو از اینجا تهیه کنید. ‏آموزش بورس · ‏آموزش گام به گام سرمایه گذاری در ... · ‏5 افسانه بزرگ در مورد بازار بورس
آموزش بورس - باشگاه کارگزاری آگاهbashgah.com › blog › education آموزش خرید سهام در بورس، آموزش روش های سرمایه گذاری در بورس، کسب درآمد (سود) از بورس، آموزش ... شامل دوره های: آموزش جامع بورس، آموزش تحلیل بنیادی مقدماتی و پیشرفته ،برگزاری دوره آموزش تحلیل ... افزایش سرمایه شرکت‌ها در بازار سرمایه: راهنمای کامل.
پکیج آموزشی جامع بزرگان بورس – آموزش بورس-کانون بورسkanoonebourse.com › پکیج-آموزشی-جامع-بزرگان-بورس ۱۳ اردیبهشت ۱۳۹۹ - دوره اول : دوره ورود به بازار بورس(آموزش کامل مبانی و مفاهیم مقدماتی بازار ... :دوره روانشناسی خویشتن(آموزش صفر تا صد خود کنترلی در سرمایه گذاری ها).
آموزش بورس و روش های سرمایه گذاری در بورس - کارگزاری مفیدemofid.com › education نردبان بورس همین جاست! اینجا شما یاد می‌گیرید چطور بهتر سرمایه‌گذاری کنید، چطور درست و به‌موقع تصمیم بگیرید و در نهایت چطور درآمد بیشتری از بورس کسب کنید ...
چارت ایران - آموزش بورس از مقدماتی تا پیشرفتهchartiran.com فیلم آموزش کامل و جامع معامله گری با جارات داویس به زبان فارسی ... آموزش کامل و راهنمای خرید عرضه اولیه سهام بورس در میان روش های سرمایه گذاری ، روش بسیار مطمئنی به ... شما این صفحه را 2 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/5/20
آموزش سرمایه گذاری در بورس - فتحی وبfathiweb.ir › آموزش-سرمایه-گذاری-بورس ۲۳ اردیبهشت ۱۳۹۹ - کتب آموزش بورس 100% تضمینی کامل و جامع. بورس شغل دوم شاید هم سوم اما درآمد اول. کتاب هایی که پس از پرداخت دانلود میکنید: 1-کتاب یادگیری ...
مجموعه آموزش بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال - مقدماتی تا پیشرفته ...faradars.org › stock-and-technical-analysis فیلم های آموزشی بورس و تحلیل تکنیکال و مباحث مرتبط با آن از مبتدی تا ... هایی که در آموزش‌ های ویدئویی فرادرس به طور جامع و گسترده به آن پرداخته شده، حوزه بورس و ... و به دنبال ابزارهایی برای پیش بینی آینده قیمت برای سرمایه گذاری کوتاه مدت است. ... کامل بهینه سازی سبد سهام، با استفاده از روش های کلاسیک و هوشمند و آموزش توسط ... شما این صفحه را 2 بار دیدید. آخرین بازدید: 5/1/20
مرجع آموزش بورس | آموزش صفر تا هزار بورس ، تکنیکال ، ...abcbourse.ir آموزش بورس + پکیج‌های آموزش بورس + آموزش رایگان بورس ، تحلیل تکنیکال ، بنیادی + دریافت رایگان کد بورسی + هرآنچه که برای حرفه‌ای شدن لازم دارید.. شما از این صفحه در 5/14/20 بازدید کردید. جستجوهای مرتبط فیلم بورس مشاهده 3 مورد + موارد دیگر مارجین کال مارجین کال اتاق بخار اتاق بخار ‪Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room‬‏ Enron: The Smartest... ‪Too Big to Fail‬‏ Too Big to Fail ‪Floored‬‏ Floored اماکن تجاری اماکن تجاری معامله‌گر سرکش معامله‌گر سرکش بازخورد جستجوهای مربوط به آموزش سرمایه‌گذاری در بورس جامع و کامل فیلم آموزش بورس
آموزش بورس از صفر pdf
کلاس آموزش بورس
پکیج آموزش بورس
سایت آموزش بورس
فیلم اموزش بورس کارگزاری مفید
برای سرمایه گذاری در بورس از کجا شروع کنم

خرید/فروش برخط با یک شرکت با کلاس جهانی. +600 ابزار. هم اکنون امتحان کنید. شرایط عالی. همین حالا حساب مجازی رایگان و بدون محدودیت را امتحان کنید. اسپردهای ثابت و کم. 400+سهام. 600+ابزار. حفاظت قابل اعتماد وجه. درباره مااسپردهای به شدت ثابتپلتفرم های تجاری جستجوهای مربوط به آموزش بورس از صفر تا صد جامع و کامل آموزش صفر تا صد بورس pdf
فیلم آموزش بورس
آموزش کامل بورس
آموزش بورس از صفر pdf
فیلم آموزش بورس رایگان
پکیج آموزش بورس
پکیج رایگان آموزش بورس
دانلود رایگان آموزش بورس pdf
submitted by mosavi154 to u/mosavi154 [link] [comments]

Hibiscus Petroleum Berhad (5199.KL)


https://preview.redd.it/gp18bjnlabr41.jpg?width=768&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6054e7f52e8d52da403016139ae43e0e799abf15
Download PDF of this article here: https://docdro.id/6eLgUPo
In light of the recent fall in oil prices due to the Saudi-Russian dispute and dampening demand for oil due to the lockdowns implemented globally, O&G stocks have taken a severe beating, falling approximately 50% from their highs at the beginning of the year. Not spared from this onslaught is Hibiscus Petroleum Berhad (Hibiscus), a listed oil and gas (O&G) exploration and production (E&P) company.
Why invest in O&G stocks in this particularly uncertain period? For one, valuations of these stocks have fallen to multi-year lows, bringing the potential ROI on these stocks to attractive levels. Oil prices are cyclical, and are bound to return to the mean given a sufficiently long time horizon. The trick is to find those companies who can survive through this downturn and emerge into “normal” profitability once oil prices rebound.
In this article, I will explore the upsides and downsides of investing in Hibiscus. I will do my best to cater this report to newcomers to the O&G industry – rather than address exclusively experts and veterans of the O&G sector. As an equity analyst, I aim to provide a view on the company primarily, and will generally refrain from providing macro views on oil or opinions about secular trends of the sector. I hope you enjoy reading it!
Stock code: 5199.KL
Stock name: Hibiscus Petroleum Berhad
Financial information and financial reports: https://www.malaysiastock.biz/Corporate-Infomation.aspx?securityCode=5199
Company website: https://www.hibiscuspetroleum.com/

Company Snapshot

Hibiscus Petroleum Berhad (5199.KL) is an oil and gas (O&G) upstream exploration and production (E&P) company located in Malaysia. As an E&P company, their business can be basically described as:
· looking for oil,
· drawing it out of the ground, and
· selling it on global oil markets.
This means Hibiscus’s profits are particularly exposed to fluctuating oil prices. With oil prices falling to sub-$30 from about $60 at the beginning of the year, Hibiscus’s stock price has also fallen by about 50% YTD – from around RM 1.00 to RM 0.45 (as of 5 April 2020).
https://preview.redd.it/3dqc4jraabr41.png?width=641&format=png&auto=webp&s=7ba0e8614c4e9d781edfc670016a874b90560684
https://preview.redd.it/lvdkrf0cabr41.png?width=356&format=png&auto=webp&s=46f250a713887b06986932fa475dc59c7c28582e
While the company is domiciled in Malaysia, its two main oil producing fields are located in both Malaysia and the UK. The Malaysian oil field is commonly referred to as the North Sabah field, while the UK oil field is commonly referred to as the Anasuria oil field. Hibiscus has licenses to other oil fields in different parts of the world, notably the Marigold/Sunflower oil fields in the UK and the VIC cluster in Australia, but its revenues and profits mainly stem from the former two oil producing fields.
Given that it’s a small player and has only two primary producing oil fields, it’s not surprising that Hibiscus sells its oil to a concentrated pool of customers, with 2 of them representing 80% of its revenues (i.e. Petronas and BP). Fortunately, both these customers are oil supermajors, and are unlikely to default on their obligations despite low oil prices.
At RM 0.45 per share, the market capitalization is RM 714.7m and it has a trailing PE ratio of about 5x. It doesn’t carry any debt, and it hasn’t paid a dividend in its listing history. The MD, Mr. Kenneth Gerard Pereira, owns about 10% of the company’s outstanding shares.

Reserves (Total recoverable oil) & Production (bbl/day)

To begin analyzing the company, it’s necessary to understand a little of the industry jargon. We’ll start with Reserves and Production.
In general, there are three types of categories for a company’s recoverable oil volumes – Reserves, Contingent Resources and Prospective Resources. Reserves are those oil fields which are “commercial”, which is defined as below:
As defined by the SPE PRMS, Reserves are “… quantities of petroleum anticipated to be commercially recoverable by application of development projects to known accumulations from a given date forward under defined conditions.” Therefore, Reserves must be discovered (by drilling, recoverable (with current technology), remaining in the subsurface (at the effective date of the evaluation) and “commercial” based on the development project proposed.)
Note that Reserves are associated with development projects. To be considered as “commercial”, there must be a firm intention to proceed with the project in a reasonable time frame (typically 5 years, and such intention must be based upon all of the following criteria:)
- A reasonable assessment of the future economics of the development project meeting defined investment and operating criteria; - A reasonable expectation that there will be a market for all or at least the expected sales quantities of production required to justify development; - Evidence that the necessary production and transportation facilities are available or can be made available; and - Evidence that legal, contractual, environmental and other social and economic concerns will allow for the actual implementation of the recovery project being evaluated.
Contingent Resources and Prospective Resources are further defined as below:
- Contingent Resources: potentially recoverable volumes associated with a development plan that targets discovered volumes but is not (yet commercial (as defined above); and) - Prospective Resources: potentially recoverable volumes associated with a development plan that targets as yet undiscovered volumes.
In the industry lingo, we generally refer to Reserves as ‘P’ and Contingent Resources as ‘C’. These ‘P’ and ‘C’ resources can be further categorized into 1P/2P/3P resources and 1C/2C/3C resources, each referring to a low/medium/high estimate of the company’s potential recoverable oil volumes:
- Low/1C/1P estimate: there should be reasonable certainty that volumes actually recovered will equal or exceed the estimate; - Best/2C/2P estimate: there should be an equal likelihood of the actual volumes of petroleum being larger or smaller than the estimate; and - High/3C/3P estimate: there is a low probability that the estimate will be exceeded.
Hence in the E&P industry, it is easy to see why most investors and analysts refer to the 2P estimate as the best estimate for a company’s actual recoverable oil volumes. This is because 2P reserves (‘2P’ referring to ‘Proved and Probable’) are a middle estimate of the recoverable oil volumes legally recognized as “commercial”.
However, there’s nothing stopping you from including 2C resources (riskier) or utilizing 1P resources (conservative) as your estimate for total recoverable oil volumes, depending on your risk appetite. In this instance, the company has provided a snapshot of its 2P and 2C resources in its analyst presentation:
https://preview.redd.it/o8qejdyc8br41.png?width=710&format=png&auto=webp&s=b3ab9be8f83badf0206adc982feda3a558d43e78
Basically, what the company is saying here is that by 2021, it will have classified as 2P reserves at least 23.7 million bbl from its Anasuria field and 20.5 million bbl from its North Sabah field – for total 2P reserves of 44.2 million bbl (we are ignoring the Australian VIC cluster as it is only estimated to reach first oil by 2022).
Furthermore, the company is stating that they have discovered (but not yet legally classified as “commercial”) a further 71 million bbl of oil from both the Anasuria and North Sabah fields, as well as the Marigold/Sunflower fields. If we include these 2C resources, the total potential recoverable oil volumes could exceed 100 million bbl.
In this report, we shall explore all valuation scenarios giving consideration to both 2P and 2C resources.
https://preview.redd.it/gk54qplf8br41.png?width=489&format=png&auto=webp&s=c905b7a6328432218b5b9dfd53cc9ef1390bd604
The company further targets a 2021 production rate of 20,000 bbl (LTM: 8,000 bbl), which includes 5,000 bbl from its Anasuria field (LTM: 2,500 bbl) and 7,000 bbl from its North Sabah field (LTM: 5,300 bbl).
This is a substantial increase in forecasted production from both existing and prospective oil fields. If it materializes, annual production rate could be as high as 7,300 mmbbl, and 2021 revenues (given FY20 USD/bbl of $60) could exceed RM 1.5 billion (FY20: RM 988 million).
However, this targeted forecast is quite a stretch from current production levels. Nevertheless, we shall consider all provided information in estimating a valuation for Hibiscus.
To understand Hibiscus’s oil production capacity and forecast its revenues and profits, we need to have a better appreciation of the performance of its two main cash-generating assets – the North Sabah field and the Anasuria field.

North Sabah oil field
https://preview.redd.it/62nssexj8br41.png?width=1003&format=png&auto=webp&s=cd78f86d51165fb9a93015e49496f7f98dad64dd
Hibiscus owns a 50% interest in the North Sabah field together with its partner Petronas, and has production rights over the field up to year 2040. The asset contains 4 oil fields, namely the St Joseph field, South Furious field, SF 30 field and Barton field.
For the sake of brevity, we shall not delve deep into the operational aspects of the fields or the contractual nature of its production sharing contract (PSC). We’ll just focus on the factors which relate to its financial performance. These are:
· Average uptime
· Total oil sold
· Average realized oil price
· Average OPEX per bbl
With regards to average uptime, we can see that the company maintains relative high facility availability, exceeding 90% uptime in all quarters of the LTM with exception of Jul-Sep 2019. The dip in average uptime was due to production enhancement projects and maintenance activities undertaken to improve the production capacity of the St Joseph and SF30 oil fields.
Hence, we can conclude that management has a good handle on operational performance. It also implies that there is little room for further improvement in production resulting from increased uptime.
As North Sabah is under a production sharing contract (PSC), there is a distinction between gross oil production and net oil production. The former relates to total oil drawn out of the ground, whereas the latter refers to Hibiscus’s share of oil production after taxes, royalties and expenses are accounted for. In this case, we want to pay attention to net oil production, not gross.
We can arrive at Hibiscus’s total oil sold for the last twelve months (LTM) by adding up the total oil sold for each of the last 4 quarters. Summing up the figures yields total oil sold for the LTM of approximately 2,075,305 bbl.
Then, we can arrive at an average realized oil price over the LTM by averaging the average realized oil price for the last 4 quarters, giving us an average realized oil price over the LTM of USD 68.57/bbl. We can do the same for average OPEX per bbl, giving us an average OPEX per bbl over the LTM of USD 13.23/bbl.
Thus, we can sum up the above financial performance of the North Sabah field with the following figures:
· Total oil sold: 2,075,305 bbl
· Average realized oil price: USD 68.57/bbl
· Average OPEX per bbl: USD 13.23/bbl

Anasuria oil field
https://preview.redd.it/586u4kfo8br41.png?width=1038&format=png&auto=webp&s=7580fc7f7df7e948754d025745a5cf47d4393c0f
Doing the same exercise as above for the Anasuria field, we arrive at the following financial performance for the Anasuria field:
· Total oil sold: 1,073,304 bbl
· Average realized oil price: USD 63.57/bbl
· Average OPEX per bbl: USD 23.22/bbl
As gas production is relatively immaterial, and to be conservative, we shall only consider the crude oil production from the Anasuria field in forecasting revenues.

Valuation (Method 1)

Putting the figures from both oil fields together, we get the following data:
https://preview.redd.it/7y6064dq8br41.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=2a4120563a011cf61fc6090e1cd5932602599dc2
Given that we have determined LTM EBITDA of RM 632m, the next step would be to subtract ITDA (interest, tax, depreciation & amortization) from it to obtain estimated LTM Net Profit. Using FY2020’s ITDA of approximately RM 318m as a guideline, we arrive at an estimated LTM Net Profit of RM 314m (FY20: 230m). Given the current market capitalization of RM 714.7m, this implies a trailing LTM PE of 2.3x.
Performing a sensitivity analysis given different oil prices, we arrive at the following net profit table for the company under different oil price scenarios, assuming oil production rate and ITDA remain constant:
https://preview.redd.it/xixge5sr8br41.png?width=433&format=png&auto=webp&s=288a00f6e5088d01936f0217ae7798d2cfcf11f2
From the above exercise, it becomes apparent that Hibiscus has a breakeven oil price of about USD 41.8863/bbl, and has a lot of operating leverage given the exponential rate of increase in its Net Profit with each consequent increase in oil prices.
Considering that the oil production rate (EBITDA) is likely to increase faster than ITDA’s proportion to revenues (fixed costs), at an implied PE of 4.33x, it seems likely that an investment in Hibiscus will be profitable over the next 10 years (with the assumption that oil prices will revert to the mean in the long-term).

Valuation (Method 2)

Of course, there are a lot of assumptions behind the above method of valuation. Hence, it would be prudent to perform multiple methods of valuation and compare the figures to one another.
As opposed to the profit/loss assessment in Valuation (Method 1), another way of performing a valuation would be to estimate its balance sheet value, i.e. total revenues from 2P Reserves, and assign a reasonable margin to it.
https://preview.redd.it/o2eiss6u8br41.png?width=710&format=png&auto=webp&s=03960cce698d9cedb076f3d5f571b3c59d908fa8
From the above, we understand that Hibiscus’s 2P reserves from the North Sabah and Anasuria fields alone are approximately 44.2 mmbbl (we ignore contribution from Australia’s VIC cluster as it hasn’t been developed yet).
Doing a similar sensitivity analysis of different oil prices as above, we arrive at the following estimated total revenues and accumulated net profit:
https://preview.redd.it/h8hubrmw8br41.png?width=450&format=png&auto=webp&s=6d23f0f9c3dafda89e758b815072ba335467f33e
Let’s assume that the above average of RM 9.68 billion in total realizable revenues from current 2P reserves holds true. If we assign a conservative Net Profit margin of 15% (FY20: 23%; past 5 years average: 16%), we arrive at estimated accumulated Net Profit from 2P Reserves of RM 1.452 billion. Given the current market capitalization of RM 714 million, we might be able to say that the equity is worth about twice the current share price.
However, it is understandable that some readers might feel that the figures used in the above estimate (e.g. net profit margin of 15%) were randomly plucked from the sky. So how do we reconcile them with figures from the financial statements? Fortunately, there appears to be a way to do just that.
Intangible Assets
I refer you to a figure in the financial statements which provides a shortcut to the valuation of 2P Reserves. This is the carrying value of Intangible Assets on the Balance Sheet.
As of 2QFY21, that amount was RM 1,468,860,000 (i.e. RM 1.468 billion).
https://preview.redd.it/hse8ttb09br41.png?width=881&format=png&auto=webp&s=82e48b5961c905fe9273cb6346368de60202ebec
Quite coincidentally, one might observe that this figure is dangerously close to the estimated accumulated Net Profit from 2P Reserves of RM 1.452 billion we calculated earlier. But why would this amount matter at all?
To answer that, I refer you to the notes of the Annual Report FY20 (AR20). On page 148 of the AR20, we find the following two paragraphs:
E&E assets comprise of rights and concession and conventional studies. Following the acquisition of a concession right to explore a licensed area, the costs incurred such as geological and geophysical surveys, drilling, commercial appraisal costs and other directly attributable costs of exploration and appraisal including technical and administrative costs, are capitalised as conventional studies, presented as intangible assets.
E&E assets are assessed for impairment when facts and circumstances suggest that the carrying amount of an E&E asset may exceed its recoverable amount. The Group will allocate E&E assets to cash generating unit (“CGU”s or groups of CGUs for the purpose of assessing such assets for impairment. Each CGU or group of units to which an E&E asset is allocated will not be larger than an operating segment as disclosed in Note 39 to the financial statements.)
Hence, we can determine that firstly, the intangible asset value represents capitalized costs of acquisition of the oil fields, including technical exploration costs and costs of acquiring the relevant licenses. Secondly, an impairment review will be carried out when “the carrying amount of an E&E asset may exceed its recoverable amount”, with E&E assets being allocated to “cash generating units” (CGU) for the purposes of assessment.
On page 169 of the AR20, we find the following:
Carrying amounts of the Group’s intangible assets, oil and gas assets and FPSO are reviewed for possible impairment annually including any indicators of impairment. For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest level CGUs for which there is a separately identifiable cash flow available. These CGUs are based on operating areas, represented by the 2011 North Sabah EOR PSC (“North Sabah”, the Anasuria Cluster, the Marigold and Sunflower fields, the VIC/P57 exploration permit (“VIC/P57”) and the VIC/L31 production license (“VIC/L31”).)
So apparently, the CGUs that have been assigned refer to the respective oil producing fields, two of which include the North Sabah field and the Anasuria field. In order to perform the impairment review, estimates of future cash flow will be made by management to assess the “recoverable amount” (as described above), subject to assumptions and an appropriate discount rate.
Hence, what we can gather up to now is that management will estimate future recoverable cash flows from a CGU (i.e. the North Sabah and Anasuria oil fields), compare that to their carrying value, and perform an impairment if their future recoverable cash flows are less than their carrying value. In other words, if estimated accumulated profits from the North Sabah and Anasuria oil fields are less than their carrying value, an impairment is required.
So where do we find the carrying values for the North Sabah and Anasuria oil fields? Further down on page 184 in the AR20, we see the following:
Included in rights and concession are the carrying amounts of producing field licenses in the Anasuria Cluster amounting to RM668,211,518 (2018: RM687,664,530, producing field licenses in North Sabah amounting to RM471,031,008 (2018: RM414,333,116))
Hence, we can determine that the carrying values for the North Sabah and Anasuria oil fields are RM 471m and RM 668m respectively. But where do we find the future recoverable cash flows of the fields as estimated by management, and what are the assumptions used in that calculation?
Fortunately, we find just that on page 185:
17 INTANGIBLE ASSETS (CONTINUED)
(a Anasuria Cluster)
The Directors have concluded that there is no impairment indicator for Anasuria Cluster during the current financial year. In the previous financial year, due to uncertainties in crude oil prices, the Group has assessed the recoverable amount of the intangible assets, oil and gas assets and FPSO relating to the Anasuria Cluster. The recoverable amount is determined using the FVLCTS model based on discounted cash flows (“DCF” derived from the expected cash in/outflow pattern over the production lives.)
The key assumptions used to determine the recoverable amount for the Anasuria Cluster were as follows:
(i Discount rate of 10%;)
(ii Future cost inflation factor of 2% per annum;)
(iii Oil price forecast based on the oil price forward curve from independent parties; and,)
(iv Oil production profile based on the assessment by independent oil and gas reserve experts.)
Based on the assessments performed, the Directors concluded that the recoverable amount calculated based on the valuation model is higher than the carrying amount.
(b North Sabah)
The acquisition of the North Sabah assets was completed in the previous financial year. Details of the acquisition are as disclosed in Note 15 to the financial statements.
The Directors have concluded that there is no impairment indicator for North Sabah during the current financial year.
Here, we can see that the recoverable amount of the Anasuria field was estimated based on a DCF of expected future cash flows over the production life of the asset. The key assumptions used by management all seem appropriate, including a discount rate of 10% and oil price and oil production estimates based on independent assessment. From there, management concludes that the recoverable amount of the Anasuria field is higher than its carrying amount (i.e. no impairment required). Likewise, for the North Sabah field.
How do we interpret this? Basically, what management is saying is that given a 10% discount rate and independent oil price and oil production estimates, the accumulated profits (i.e. recoverable amount) from both the North Sabah and the Anasuria fields exceed their carrying amounts of RM 471m and RM 668m respectively.
In other words, according to management’s own estimates, the carrying value of the Intangible Assets of RM 1.468 billion approximates the accumulated Net Profit recoverable from 2P reserves.
To conclude Valuation (Method 2), we arrive at the following:

Our estimates Management estimates
Accumulated Net Profit from 2P Reserves RM 1.452 billion RM 1.468 billion

Financials

By now, we have established the basic economics of Hibiscus’s business, including its revenues (i.e. oil production and oil price scenarios), costs (OPEX, ITDA), profitability (breakeven, future earnings potential) and balance sheet value (2P reserves, valuation). Moving on, we want to gain a deeper understanding of the 3 statements to anticipate any blind spots and risks. We’ll refer to the financial statements of both the FY20 annual report and the 2Q21 quarterly report in this analysis.
For the sake of brevity, I’ll only point out those line items which need extra attention, and skip over the rest. Feel free to go through the financial statements on your own to gain a better familiarity of the business.
https://preview.redd.it/h689bss79br41.png?width=810&format=png&auto=webp&s=ed47fce6a5c3815dd3d4f819e31f1ce39ccf4a0b
Income Statement
First, we’ll start with the Income Statement on page 135 of the AR20. Revenues are straightforward, as we’ve discussed above. Cost of Sales and Administrative Expenses fall under the jurisdiction of OPEX, which we’ve also seen earlier. Other Expenses are mostly made up of Depreciation & Amortization of RM 115m.
Finance Costs are where things start to get tricky. Why does a company which carries no debt have such huge amounts of finance costs? The reason can be found in Note 8, where it is revealed that the bulk of finance costs relate to the unwinding of discount of provision for decommissioning costs of RM 25m (Note 32).
https://preview.redd.it/4omjptbe9br41.png?width=1019&format=png&auto=webp&s=eaabfc824134063100afa62edfd36a34a680fb60
This actually refers to the expected future costs of restoring the Anasuria and North Sabah fields to their original condition once the oil reserves have been depleted. Accounting standards require the company to provide for these decommissioning costs as they are estimable and probable. The way the decommissioning costs are accounted for is the same as an amortized loan, where the initial carrying value is recognized as a liability and the discount rate applied is reversed each year as an expense on the Income Statement. However, these expenses are largely non-cash in nature and do not necessitate a cash outflow every year (FY20: RM 69m).
Unwinding of discount on non-current other payables of RM 12m relate to contractual payments to the North Sabah sellers. We will discuss it later.
Taxation is another tricky subject, and is even more significant than Finance Costs at RM 161m. In gist, Hibiscus is subject to the 38% PITA (Petroleum Income Tax Act) under Malaysian jurisdiction, and the 30% Petroleum tax + 10% Supplementary tax under UK jurisdiction. Of the RM 161m, RM 41m of it relates to deferred tax which originates from the difference between tax treatment and accounting treatment on capitalized assets (accelerated depreciation vs straight-line depreciation). Nonetheless, what you should take away from this is that the tax expense is a tangible expense and material to breakeven analysis.
Fortunately, tax is a variable expense, and should not materially impact the cash flow of Hibiscus in today’s low oil price environment.
Note: Cash outflows for Tax Paid in FY20 was RM 97m, substantially below the RM 161m tax expense.
https://preview.redd.it/1xrnwzm89br41.png?width=732&format=png&auto=webp&s=c078bc3e18d9c79d9a6fbe1187803612753f69d8
Balance Sheet
The balance sheet of Hibiscus is unexciting; I’ll just bring your attention to those line items which need additional scrutiny. I’ll use the figures in the latest 2Q21 quarterly report (2Q21) and refer to the notes in AR20 for clarity.
We’ve already discussed Intangible Assets in the section above, so I won’t dwell on it again.
Moving on, the company has Equipment of RM 582m, largely relating to O&G assets (e.g. the Anasuria FPSO vessel and CAPEX incurred on production enhancement projects). Restricted cash and bank balances represent contractual obligations for decommissioning costs of the Anasuria Cluster, and are inaccessible for use in operations.
Inventories are relatively low, despite Hibiscus being an E&P company, so forex fluctuations on carrying value of inventories are relatively immaterial. Trade receivables largely relate to entitlements from Petronas and BP (both oil supermajors), and are hence quite safe from impairment. Other receivables, deposits and prepayments are significant as they relate to security deposits placed with sellers of the oil fields acquired; these should be ignored for cash flow purposes.
Note: Total cash and bank balances do not include approximately RM 105 m proceeds from the North Sabah December 2019 offtake (which was received in January 2020)
Cash and bank balances of RM 90m do not include RM 105m of proceeds from offtake received in 3Q21 (Jan 2020). Hence, the actual cash and bank balances as of 2Q21 approximate RM 200m.
Liabilities are a little more interesting. First, I’ll draw your attention to the significant Deferred tax liabilities of RM 457m. These largely relate to the amortization of CAPEX (i.e. Equipment and capitalized E&E expenses), which is given an accelerated depreciation treatment for tax purposes.
The way this works is that the government gives Hibiscus a favorable tax treatment on capital expenditures incurred via an accelerated depreciation schedule, so that the taxable income is less than usual. However, this leads to the taxable depreciation being utilized quicker than accounting depreciation, hence the tax payable merely deferred to a later period – when the tax depreciation runs out but accounting depreciation remains. Given the capital intensive nature of the business, it is understandable why Deferred tax liabilities are so large.
We’ve discussed Provision for decommissioning costs under the Finance Costs section earlier. They are also quite significant at RM 266m.
Notably, the Other Payables and Accruals are a hefty RM 431m. What do they relate to? Basically, they are contractual obligations to the sellers of the oil fields which are only payable upon oil prices reaching certain thresholds. Hence, while they are current in nature, they will only become payable when oil prices recover to previous highs, and are hence not an immediate cash outflow concern given today’s low oil prices.
Cash Flow Statement
There is nothing in the cash flow statement which warrants concern.
Notably, the company generated OCF of approximately RM 500m in FY20 and RM 116m in 2Q21. It further incurred RM 330m and RM 234m of CAPEX in FY20 and 2Q21 respectively, largely owing to production enhancement projects to increase the production rate of the Anasuria and North Sabah fields, which according to management estimates are accretive to ROI.
Tax paid was RM 97m in FY20 and RM 61m in 2Q21 (tax expense: RM 161m and RM 62m respectively).

Risks

There are a few obvious and not-so-obvious risks that one should be aware of before investing in Hibiscus. We shall not consider operational risks (e.g. uptime, OPEX) as they are outside the jurisdiction of the equity analyst. Instead, we shall focus on the financial and strategic risks largely outside the control of management. The main ones are:
· Oil prices remaining subdued for long periods of time
· Fluctuation of exchange rates
· Customer concentration risk
· 2P Reserves being less than estimated
· Significant current and non-current liabilities
· Potential issuance of equity
Oil prices remaining subdued
Of topmost concern in the minds of most analysts is whether Hibiscus has the wherewithal to sustain itself through this period of low oil prices (sub-$30). A quick and dirty estimate of annual cash outflow (i.e. burn rate) assuming a $20 oil world and historical production rates is between RM 50m-70m per year, which considering the RM 200m cash balance implies about 3-4 years of sustainability before the company runs out of cash and has to rely on external assistance for financing.
Table 1: Hibiscus EBITDA at different oil price and exchange rates
https://preview.redd.it/gxnekd6h9br41.png?width=670&format=png&auto=webp&s=edbfb9621a43480d11e3b49de79f61a6337b3d51
The above table shows different EBITDA scenarios (RM ‘m) given different oil prices (left column) and USD:MYR exchange rates (top row). Currently, oil prices are $27 and USD:MYR is 1:4.36.
Given conservative assumptions of average OPEX/bbl of $20 (current: $15), we can safely say that the company will be loss-making as long as oil remains at $20 or below (red). However, we can see that once oil prices hit $25, the company can tank the lower-end estimate of the annual burn rate of RM 50m (orange), while at RM $27 it can sufficiently muddle through the higher-end estimate of the annual burn rate of RM 70m (green).
Hence, we can assume that as long as the average oil price over the next 3-4 years remains above $25, Hibiscus should come out of this fine without the need for any external financing.
Customer Concentration Risk
With regards to customer concentration risk, there is not much the analyst or investor can do except to accept the risk. Fortunately, 80% of revenues can be attributed to two oil supermajors (Petronas and BP), hence the risk of default on contractual obligations and trade receivables seems to be quite diminished.
2P Reserves being less than estimated
2P Reserves being less than estimated is another risk that one should keep in mind. Fortunately, the current market cap is merely RM 714m – at half of estimated recoverable amounts of RM 1.468 billion – so there’s a decent margin of safety. In addition, there are other mitigating factors which shall be discussed in the next section (‘Opportunities’).
Significant non-current and current liabilities
The significant non-current and current liabilities have been addressed in the previous section. It has been determined that they pose no threat to immediate cash flow due to them being long-term in nature (e.g. decommissioning costs, deferred tax, etc). Hence, for the purpose of assessing going concern, their amounts should not be a cause for concern.
Potential issuance of equity
Finally, we come to the possibility of external financing being required in this low oil price environment. While the company should last 3-4 years on existing cash reserves, there is always the risk of other black swan events materializing (e.g. coronavirus) or simply oil prices remaining muted for longer than 4 years.
Furthermore, management has hinted that they wish to acquire new oil assets at presently depressed prices to increase daily production rate to a targeted 20,000 bbl by end-2021. They have room to acquire debt, but they may also wish to issue equity for this purpose. Hence, the possibility of dilution to existing shareholders cannot be entirely ruled out.
However, given management’s historical track record of prioritizing ROI and optimal capital allocation, and in consideration of the fact that the MD owns 10% of outstanding shares, there is some assurance that any potential acquisitions will be accretive to EPS and therefore valuations.

Opportunities

As with the existence of risk, the presence of material opportunities also looms over the company. Some of them are discussed below:
· Increased Daily Oil Production Rate
· Inclusion of 2C Resources
· Future oil prices exceeding $50 and effects from coronavirus dissipating
Increased Daily Oil Production Rate
The first and most obvious opportunity is the potential for increased production rate. We’ve seen in the last quarter (2Q21) that the North Sabah field increased its daily production rate by approximately 20% as a result of production enhancement projects (infill drilling), lowering OPEX/bbl as a result. To vastly oversimplify, infill drilling is the process of maximizing well density by drilling in the spaces between existing wells to improve oil production.
The same improvements are being undertaken at the Anasuria field via infill drilling, subsea debottlenecking, water injection and sidetracking of existing wells. Without boring you with industry jargon, this basically means future production rate is likely to improve going forward.
By how much can the oil production rate be improved by? Management estimates in their analyst presentation that enhancements in the Anasuria field will be able to yield 5,000 bbl/day by 2021 (current: 2,500 bbl/day).
Similarly, improvements in the North Sabah field is expected to yield 7,000 bbl/day by 2021 (current: 5,300 bbl/day).
This implies a total 2021 expected daily production rate from the two fields alone of 12,000 bbl/day (current: 8,000 bbl/day). That’s a 50% increase in yields which we haven’t factored into our valuation yet.
Furthermore, we haven’t considered any production from existing 2C resources (e.g. Marigold/Sunflower) or any potential acquisitions which may occur in the future. By management estimates, this can potentially increase production by another 8,000 bbl/day, bringing total production to 20,000 bbl/day.
While this seems like a stretch of the imagination, it pays to keep them in mind when forecasting future revenues and valuations.
Just to play around with the numbers, I’ve come up with a sensitivity analysis of possible annual EBITDA at different oil prices and daily oil production rates:
Table 2: Hibiscus EBITDA at different oil price and daily oil production rates
https://preview.redd.it/jnpfhr5n9br41.png?width=814&format=png&auto=webp&s=bbe4b512bc17f576d87529651140cc74cde3d159
The left column represents different oil prices while the top row represents different daily oil production rates.
The green column represents EBITDA at current daily production rate of 8,000 bbl/day; the orange column represents EBITDA at targeted daily production rate of 12,000 bbl/day; while the purple column represents EBITDA at maximum daily production rate of 20,000 bbl/day.
Even conservatively assuming increased estimated annual ITDA of RM 500m (FY20: RM 318m), and long-term average oil prices of $50 (FY20: $60), the estimated Net Profit and P/E ratio is potentially lucrative at daily oil production rates of 12,000 bbl/day and above.
2C Resources
Since we’re on the topic of improved daily oil production rate, it bears to pay in mind the relatively enormous potential from Hibiscus’s 2C Resources. North Sabah’s 2C Resources alone exceed 30 mmbbl; while those from the yet undiagnosed Marigold/Sunflower fields also reach 30 mmbbl. Altogether, 2C Resources exceed 70 mmbbl, which dwarfs the 44 mmbbl of 2P Reserves we have considered up to this point in our valuation estimates.
To refresh your memory, 2C Resources represents oil volumes which have been discovered but are not yet classified as “commercial”. This means that there is reasonable certainty of the oil being recoverable, as opposed to simply being in the very early stages of exploration. So, to be conservative, we will imagine that only 50% of 2C Resources are eligible for reclassification to 2P reserves, i.e. 35 mmbbl of oil.
https://preview.redd.it/mto11iz7abr41.png?width=375&format=png&auto=webp&s=e9028ab0816b3d3e25067447f2c70acd3ebfc41a
This additional 35 mmbbl of oil represents an 80% increase to existing 2P reserves. Assuming the daily oil production rate increases similarly by 80%, we will arrive at 14,400 bbl/day of oil production. According to Table 2 above, this would yield an EBITDA of roughly RM 630m assuming $50 oil.
Comparing that estimated EBITDA to FY20’s actual EBITDA:
FY20 FY21 (incl. 2C) Difference
Daily oil production (bbl/day) 8,626 14,400 +66%
Average oil price (USD/bbl) $68.57 $50 -27%
Average OPEX/bbl (USD) $16.64 $20 +20%
EBITDA (RM ‘m) 632 630 -
Hence, even conservatively assuming lower oil prices and higher OPEX/bbl (which should decrease in the presence of higher oil volumes) than last year, we get approximately the same EBITDA as FY20.
For the sake of completeness, let’s assume that Hibiscus issues twice the no. of existing shares over the next 10 years, effectively diluting shareholders by 50%. Even without accounting for the possibility of the acquisition of new oil fields, at the current market capitalization of RM 714m, the prospective P/E would be about 10x. Not too shabby.
Future oil prices exceeding $50 and effects from coronavirus dissipating
Hibiscus shares have recently been hit by a one-two punch from oil prices cratering from $60 to $30, as a result of both the Saudi-Russian dispute and depressed demand for oil due to coronavirus. This has massively increased supply and at the same time hugely depressed demand for oil (due to the globally coordinated lockdowns being implemented).
Given a long enough timeframe, I fully expect OPEC+ to come to an agreement and the economic effects from the coronavirus to dissipate, allowing oil prices to rebound. As we equity investors are aware, oil prices are cyclical and are bound to recover over the next 10 years.
When it does, valuations of O&G stocks (including Hibiscus’s) are likely to improve as investors overshoot expectations and begin to forecast higher oil prices into perpetuity, as they always tend to do in good times. When that time arrives, Hibiscus’s valuations are likely to become overoptimistic as all O&G stocks tend to do during oil upcycles, resulting in valuations far exceeding reasonable estimates of future earnings. If you can hold the shares up until then, it’s likely you will make much more on your investment than what we’ve been estimating.

Conclusion

Wrapping up what we’ve discussed so far, we can conclude that Hibiscus’s market capitalization of RM 714m far undershoots reasonable estimates of fair value even under conservative assumptions of recoverable oil volumes and long-term average oil prices. As a value investor, I hesitate to assign a target share price, but it’s safe to say that this stock is worth at least RM 1.00 (current: RM 0.45). Risk is relatively contained and the upside far exceeds the downside. While I have no opinion on the short-term trajectory of oil prices, I can safely recommend this stock as a long-term Buy based on fundamental research.
submitted by investorinvestor to SecurityAnalysis [link] [comments]

A Short Story that Describes Imaginary Events and People of Worldwide Calamities and the Aftermath (the 2nd Edition)

The following story, all names, characters, and incidents portrayed in this post are fictitious. No identification with actual persons (living or deceased), places, buildings, and products is intended or should be inferred.
However, the LINKS to real-life events and inspiring sources are placed here and there throughout the story.
--------
Truth is the Only Light
--------
INTRO
☞ [As of 2019] there are plenty of reasons to think the Chinese system will implode spectacularly without Japanese feeling the need to do a thing. — Peter Zaihan, Disunited Nations (Mar 03, 2020)
It's apparent that two nations have been engaged in a high-stakes military & economy arms race. The current US admin has been hitting China with waves of tariffs, but that was merely a small part of what's actually going on. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
On Oct 11, 2019, when they reached a tentative agreement for the first phase of a trade deal, the fact that China made the concession actually made my jaw drop. From where I sit, it was a worrisome scene. Aren't people saying, when challenging situations are bottled up, they will just grow and mutate into another terrible complications?
Admittedly I was not certain how they are going to adhere to the agreement: It left most of the US tariffs (on China's exports) in place, and at the same time, came with an additional USD $200 Billion burden for China over the next two years. This agreement might seem a bit insignificant, but now China would need to purchase almost twice the size of the US products & services they did before the trade war began.
With their current economic climate? I murmured, "No way."
While watching Trump brag and boast around with said agreement, I expected China would soon come out and fling some improvised excuses in order to delay the document-signing process. It wouldn't be their first time. More importantly, even if China does so, there wouldn't be many (real) counterattack options left for the Trump admin during this year, the US presidential election year.
Then, on Jan 16, 2020, the world’s two largest economies actually signed a partial trade agreement aimed at putting the brakes on an 18-month trade war. China would almost surely not sit down but come back to bite, I thought.
Enter the worldwide chaos following so called the COVID-19 outbreak.
--------
BACKGROUND
☞ Globalists have been heavily investing in China's economy and its components overseas.
• Here are a couple of well known names: the Great Old One; George Soros; Koos Bekker; and Bill Gates.
• For the sake of convenience, from here on, let's call these globalists, who are foreign investors in China's top tier state-owned/sponsored/controlled enterprises, Team-Z.
• Team-Z has adopted big time lackeys like Henry Kissinger or small time ones like Larry Summers, Stephen Hadley, or Bill Browder as matchmakers to court Team-Z for China's top tier enterprises. When Israel's highest echelons chimed in, it has been through Israeli IT companies and the BRI projects.
• Naturally, multinational investment banks have also been employed; such as Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs, Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), UBS Group AG (formerly Union Bank of Switzerland), Blackstone Group, Canaccord Genuity, BlackRock, Hermitage, or Mirae Asset.
☞ Note: The Great Old One didn't use any matchmakers, something peasants would need. Because the Great Old One's power level is over 9000.
• China's Shanghai clique used to keep the nation's state-sponsored enterprises under their firm grip: Enterprises such as Alibaba Group, Tencent, Baidu, Wanda Group, HNA Group, Anbang Group, Evergrande Group, CEFC Energy and Huawei, all of which Team-Z has massively invested in.
Here is how Shanghai clique and Team-Z, esp. Bill Gates, started to get together: [LINK]
• However, in the name of anti-corruption campaign, Xi Jinping & his Princelings have been taking those businesses away from Shanghai clique's hand, and transforming those state-sponsored private enterprises into the state-owned enterprises, declaring the 國進民退 movement.
• Slaying Shanghai clique's control = [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
• 國進民退 + Slaying Shanghai clique's control = [A] [B] [C]
• Xi's reign didn't arrive today without challenges though: the BRI projects' poor outcome has frustrated Israel's great expectations. And since the US-China trade war has started, the problems of China's economic systems started to surface, not to mention China's economy has long been decaying.
• Coupled with the US-China trade war, the current US admin has been trying to block Huawei from accessing the international financial systems that the US can influence, as well as the US banking systems. This is a good time to remind you again that Bill Gates has had a very close-knit relationship with Huawei.
--------
TRADE WAR & INTERNET-BASED COMPANIES
☞ It's the trade war, but why were internet-based companies such as Tencent and Baidu suffering losses?
Answer: The state-sponsored companies like Tencent, Baidu, or Huawei have heavily invested in international trade and commodity markets, which are easily influenced by aspects that IMF interest rates, the US sanctions, or trade war can create.
Example: Let's say, Tencent invests in a Tehran-based ride-hailing company. Then, through said ride-hailing company, Tencent invests in Iran's petroleum industry. Now, China's most valuable IT company is in international petrochemical trade. The business is going to make great strides until the US imposes trade embargoes oand economic sanctions against Iran.
--------
TL;DR
China's economy going down = Team-Z losing an astronomical amount of money.
★ Wednesday, Sep 26, 2018 ★
"Gentlemen, you guys might want to do something before it's too bloody late, no? His speech last night was .... (sniggers) Mr. Gates, now is as good a time as any. Mr. Soros, hm, don't look at me like that."
".... But,"
"Yes, Mr. Soros, your HNA is going down, too. .... Ah, Schwarzman xiansheng, we're very sorry to learn about Blackstone's Iran & SinopecChina situation. So, we're guessing, you'd be happy to join Mr. Gates's operation, yes? Of course, We already contacted Kissinger xiansheng. .... Okay then, Gentlemen?"
• Now you can take a guess why George Soros has recently been sending out confusing messages regarding Xi Jinping.
• Wait, how about Wuhan Institute of Virology? Doesn't this story concern the COVID-19 outbreak? Is the Wuhan Institute also associated with Shanghai clique? Yes, indeed. Here's How Wuhan Institute of Virology and Shanghai Clique are related: [LINK]
--------
EIGHT OBJECTIVES
☞ Calling for the tide to be turned, Team-Z and Shanghai clique started to devise the plan. The objectives are:
By shutting down international trade, crashing world economy, and exploiting its aftermath, the plan should produce an outcome letting Team-Z earn back their loss from the trade war & the US sanctions, and collect additional profits from China's BRI projects & stock markets worldwide, including the US stock markets.
Don't forget this: This point number also concerns the developing nations on the BRI with the large deposits of natural resources that Team-Z has invested in through China. If everything comes together nicely, Team-Z will pick up trillions of dollars from those nations alone as if they are light as a feather. Ironically this will reinforce the BRI project governance and mitigate fraud & corruption risks inherent to the international development projects.
By utilizing the aftermath in the US, a new US administration consisted of pro-Beijing personnels should be fostered at the 2020 election. In a worst-case scenario, the aftermath should be abused enough to make Robert Lighthizer to leave the admin. Mr. Mnuchin could stay.
Sometime next year, the phase one trade deal must be reassessed with the new US admin. The reassessment should help China take the upper-hand at the second phase trade talk.
The pandemic crisis should yield a situation which allows China to delay the payments for its state-firm offshore debts. With the point number , this will give China a breathing room to manage its steadily-fallen forex reserves.
Since their current turf (in China) is education industry & medical science industry, Shanghai clique will have no issue with earning hefty profits by managing China's export of medical equipments & health care products which can be supplied worldwide mainly by China. People in the west will bent the knees for the clique's support.
☞ Regarding Jiang Zemin's son and medical science industry in China [LINK]
The outcome should weaken Xi & his Princelings' political power considerably in favour of Shanghai clique & Team-Z. This will let Jiang's Shanghai clique (A) reclaim some of political status & business interest controls they have lost to Xi & his Princelings.
• And once this point number , with the point number , is realized, it would be much easier for the clique to (B) recover their huge assets hidden overseas that the current US admin or Xi & his Princelings have frozen.
Combining good old bribery with sex, the outcome should support China to re-secure control over the US governors. Once the plan is executed successfully, those governors would desperately need solutions to local economic problems and unemployment.
Lastly, implementing an e-ID system in the US similar to Beijing's Alipay and WeChat could be the cherry on top of the operation's entire outcomes. Who's supporting such a system worldwide? None other than Microsoft and Rockefeller Foundation. ಠ_ಠ
--------
OLD COMRADE BECOMES A NEW RECRUIT
☞ They were afraid more talents were needed. The main target was the world’s largest economy with the most powerful military capability, after all.
They ended up asking Mr. Fridman to see Lord Putin about that. The old Vova was going through a lot nowadays, people said. It could be because his nation's energy business to Europe seems to be hitting wall after wall. He is said to have enough on his plate with no end in sight, so maybe he'll join.
★ Monday, Jan 15, 2018 ★
"(pours a drink for himself) I know, but. ... What would happen if Bashar falls? How long you think you can keep it up? .... Erdogan is many things (sniggers) but he's never gentle. (sips his drink slowly) When Benji's EastMed Pipeline starts to actively compete, then what? They got the China money now. .... Vagit and his buddies will be very unhappy. You know that. Not great, Vova."
"...."
"Ah, you mean what are we going to do? Hm? Hm. I'll tell you what we're going to do. This time, we're going to bankrupt the US shale gas sector. Then, of course, we can maybe convince Benji to take their time with the pipeline. Perhaps for good. (sips his drink slowly) Don't worry, Vova, It'll work. You worry too much. We'll come out the other side stronger."
"So, how long until they set it off?
"Hahaa, yes. They'll soon put all things in place. While marching in place, they'll play the tune a couple of months before the next sochelnik."
"Nearly 20 months to brace things here, then?"
"(nod slowly in happiness) Hm. Оторви́сь там, оттопы́рься, Vova"
--------
USEFUL IDIOTS
☞ When the directive came, these idiots answered claiming they would be gladly "on it." All in the name of rejuvenating China's economy without grasping the real objective prevailing throughout the entire operation. Thing is, they would never realize what they are to Team-Z & their Asian overlord until it’s too late.
Who are they? It's A and B, not A or B: (A) the American corporations that are too big to fail and have suffered a considerable loss because of the US-China trade war. Among those corporations, (B) the ones that have been structured with massive interest-profit relationships in/with China.
"We need China in order for the US as a nation to continue being prosper," they've been shouting. No surprise there, because they've enjoyed the strides of extraordinary profits over the years while the US middle class has continued to shrink.
But, in 2019 when China's stock markets nosedived for the first time since 2015 and China's authorities in financial stability & resiliency fumbled their response; it wiped that smile off their face. Still, they'll keep behaving not to offend their Asian overlord, nonetheless.
--------
PERFECT PLAN
☞ Many crucial components had to come into play all at once in order to cause World War I. If one of the components were missing or different, it is unlikely that the World War I as we know of could be produced.
The US in 2019: Overbought bubbles + Over borrowed corporations
The US in 2020: It's an Election Year.
Russia has been dumping US Treasuries for the past few years.
Russia has been hoarding golds as if they were recreating Inca Empire.
China in 2019: Immense & long term financial troubles has started to surface.
China in 2020: The phase-one deal has been signed; leaving most of tariffs on China intact and adding another $200 Billion burden for China.
Team-Z sets up a situation in the US where some event(s) would freeze the US supply chains & demand for the next three to ten months.
• Just like the 9/11, the event will be initiated at the clique's own region. However, unlike in China, the US will report multiple epicentres simultaneously.
• And the CDC and the US medical task force will carry on with a number of sabotage acts, to secure enough time for the infected yet untested in those US epicentres to spread plenty. [1] [2] [3]
• Here's a feasible timeline of the operation.
Then, the BOOM: Team-Z (a) manipulates the markets to make sure MM will have liquidity concerns (b) when they need it most. The (c) bottomed out oil price will be an enforcement, which will also wreck the US energy sector as a kicker. The (d) WHO will also join as a disinformation campaign office.
• Then a couple of big name investment managers will lead a movement that (will try to) bring back foreign money back to China. [1] [2]
• Meanwhile, in US, the disinformation campaign will continue to be pushed until the second wave of attack arrives.
--------
MEASURABLE SHORT-TERM OUTCOME
☞ We're now going through World War III. The global structure laid down by World War II had been shaken by globalization and the rise of China. This pandemic event will shock the structure further. Human history will be divided into Before 2021 and After 2021.
① Outcome pt. 1: Immediate Aftermath [pt.1] [pt.2]
② Outcome pt. 2: The US economy goes deep dive along with world economy, and the only thing Team-Z has to do is to exploit the aftermath which has been thoroughly calculated and eagerly anticipated. — Favoured assessment: There won't be a V curve ever, unless drastic measures taken within the timeframe of four months. Unprecedented market crash, the rapid unemployment acceleration because of the supply-chain shut down, and the near-death security which in turn forces consumer confidence to plummet. We're looking at a super long L shape curve unless the US prepares fast for the second wave of their asymmetric warfare.
③ Outcome pt. 3: Arguably the most important outcome. — Because of the unprecedented shutdown of international trade, the nations heavily rely on exporting natural resources will face the extreme financial threats. What if some of those are emerging markets AND massively in debt to China? What do you think China would do to said nations while the aftermath is hitting the globe hard? [PDF] Something comparable to Latin American Debt Crisis will happen.
④ Outcome pt. 4: Not that significant compared to the others but still notable outcome. — The world will need Shanghai clique's help to get medical products and equipments.
--------
WHAT'S NEXT?
☞ Several analysts have discussed off the record that next it'd be a proxy warfare not using armed conflicts but with spreading a galaxy of counterfeit-currency across every possible channels.
Coincidently, on Dec 13, 2017, Business Insider reported in an article "A $100 counterfeit 'supernote' found in South Korea could have been made in North Korea" that:
"It was the first of a new kind of supernote ever found in the world," Lee Ho-Joong, head of KEB Hana Bank's anti-counterfeit centre told Agence France-Presse.
Reporting the same news, The Telegraph published an article on Dec 11, 2017:
"It seems that whoever printed these supernotes has the facilities and high level of technology matching that of a government", said Lee Ho-jung, a bank spokesman from KEB Hana Bank in South Korea. "They are made with special ink that changes colour depending on the angle, patterned paper and Intaglio printing that gives texture to the surface of a note".
ಠ_ಠ
--------
Tale of How Shanghai clique and Globalists Got Together
Wuhan Institute of Virology, Wuhan City, & Shanghai Clique
Feasible Timeline of the COVID-19 Operation
Immediate Aftermath — pt.1.b
Immediate Aftermath — pt.2.a
Remdesivir, Gilead Sciences, Its Shareholders, & Silly Concern
Cases Displaying the Recent Climate of Chinese Economy
Compliance Report by the US State Department on China regarding Biological Weapons Convention — Click "2019 August Unclassified Compliance Report" and see p45.
Jiang Zemin's son & Medical Science Industry in China
What is Guanxi (關係)?
Israeli IT Companies & China
Opinion article "Cancel All Debt to China"
Fun Trivia about Bush Family and China
--------
submitted by vanillabluesea to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Gold Storage. new stablecoin on ERC20

Gold Storage. new stablecoin on ERC20
What is digital gold?
This is a physical gold purchase that can be held by money related masters in digital structure through various platforms https://gold.storage/. The sum will be remained careful by the official dealer platform. Clearly GOLD Tokens have certifiable gold with a prudence of 99.99% so no convincing motivation to weight in light of the fact that the gold is taken care of in a tremendous association BullionStar.
Digital Gold is moreover established on the future ethereum which will incite all exchanges the best cryptographic currency market and this is one of the most incredible gainful accomplishments for your future theory exchange. Digital Gold will be one of the fiat fiscal structures that is undefined from unadulterated gold. It is anticipated to get this through enabling customers to purchase incorporation in body gold, through ERC-20 in a general sense subject to the ERC-20 GOLD token.
The inspiration driving digital gold
Not in any manner like obtaining gold from embellishments stores, digital gold is on a very basic level for adventure purposes. You can buy and sell your gathered digital gold rapidly at https://cryptex.net/trade/GOLDUSD. in addition, its official site. https://gold.storage/en/market
Digital Gold empowers GOLD holders to enter and leave positions in not more than seconds, an achievement that is difficult to achieve with physical gold arranged in a guaranteed safe.
By and by you can save catalysts in something that has a reputation for an impressive period of time while staying in control. To achieve high market liquidity, EMAS masters hold critical circumstances as market creators in significant trade all through the world. The system empowers our clients to buy and sell stores of GOLD with guaranteed low spread and no slippage.
GOLD outfits cryptographic cash space with an ideal portal to the gold market and besides gives further liquidity to the gold market by making it available for the rapidly creating digital money market, offering phenomenal impetus for the two markets.
Who truly sells this gold?
Merchants or producers, for instance, DIGITAL GOLD LTD, an association built up in St. Vincent and Grenadines have coordinated with the Bullionstar and ChainSecurity platforms, business and fintech associations to enable this trade. At the point when you buy digital gold from the site, Cryptex.net and Livecoin.net, for the application is as yet being chipped away at and maybe two or three additional weeks will be released soon you can use the application viably to store your gold assets and tokens. You can in like manner sell this collected gold back to the shipper at direct market costs. Until you make an arrangement, the vendor will hold the sum in your name as an administrator. The vender name will be settled on the application.
Perfection
The perfection offered by Gold.Storage has united with the Bullionstar association. It is keen to examine the nuances and FAQ gave at the base of the Gold.Storage site to find a few solutions concerning this certified endeavor. The Digital Gold endeavor has benefitted various customers, the Gold market just as the future development, blockchain. Digital Gold token customers can use the platform to immediately buy GOLD tokens, each coin ascends to one gram of 99.99% FINE gold. Customers can use gold to coordinate budgetary trades without following any frustrated advances.
Protection
Since Gold.Storage holds gold for budgetary authorities, it will make a transition to ensure its prosperity. Gold has exhibited to be an instrument for taking care of wealth and protecting from whole deal growing for a considerable number of years. USD, on the other hand, has no such history.
Since 1900, the USD has lost 98.2% of its getting power, while gold has created 53.9 events all the while keeping its obtaining power the proportionate.
This makes gold a better than average response for shield your speculation assets from development. GOLD tokens are platforms of physical gold and crypto that you can use.
GOLD - ERC20 Stablecoin Backed by GOLD
Highlights of using Digital Gold token
  • High Liquidity
  • Cross-Border Transactions *Asset Security *Companys Secure Vault
  • Hassle Free Trade of Gold Tokens * Low Transaction Fee
  • Decentralization * Transparency because of savvy Contract
  • Immutablity of Transactions Record * Trustworthiness Of Transactions
Focal points OFFERED BY DIGITAL GOLD
Have physical gold while staying private. There is no persuading inspiration to uncover your own special data that is required to buy physical gold at bank or vault.
Store a persuading power in asset with an indicated reputation of thousands of years. Gold's groundbreaking entire arrangement buying power steady quality has made it the protected paradise asset of decision and support against market weakness.
Make free exchanges. You can make as a ton of exchanges GOLD as you like to no closure out of pocket. The guideline cost is a little percent charged every day on your alteration that goes towards dealing with physical gold in vault.
No buy or game plan limits. Mechanized Gold is a liquidity provider holding huge positions empowering buy and opportunity of enormous extent of tokens at our site or colleague trades.
Exceptionally fluid. Course of action and buy exchanges are minute. Token holder can quickly buy or sell tokens at our site or partner trades.
Repurchase is ensured. Moved Gold ensures that all tokens that you assurance will be repurchased by us at gold spot cost.
Digital Gold can be tradable in different Crypto exchanges with high proportion of liquidity against BTC, ETH and distinctive cryptos.
Gold token is ERC-20 great token reliant on ethereum blockchain. Its marketplace empower customers to purchase and sell GOLD token.


Worth information can be seen by the customer at the marketplace. Customers will in like manner find the opportunity to see the current spot cost of gold, sticker price, and recuperation cost in both bitcoin (BTC) and ether(ETH).
Inspiring news that GOLD tokens have entered Livecoin.net Exchange
Digital Gold gathering has started GOLD token posting process on tremendous number of cryptographic cash exchnanges. We are happy to report that GOLD is by and by recorded on LiveCoin https://livecoin.net exchange. GOLD/BTC and GOLD/ETH sets are by and by available for trading.
According to our market consideration and improvement plan, GOLD will be recorded on 4 extra exchanges before October tenth including TOP10 exchange BitForex. Despite posting on the exchanges our gathering will expertly manage liquitity support for most raised unfaltering quality on the market.
These days Bitcoin, Ethereum and most of huge cryptographic types of cash are too much capricious strikingly with stablecoins pegged to physical gold expense, so it's a staggering time to fix the estimation of your assets and shield from high unusualness and loss of critical worth by getting GOLD stablecoin until the accompanying market improvement starts.
As advancement continues moving, the tokenization of physical assets will continue experiencing further allotment in perspective on the diminished risks related with acquiring and owning tokenized assets which are supported by physical assets, their ease of use, the high liquidity of the cryptographic currency markets and its advantage potential.
ROADMAP


https://preview.redd.it/cfmr5tanzvc41.png?width=525&format=png&auto=webp&s=edd06b19398f669240966eff278f1a596b0197f1
CONCLUSION
You could end up being well-off today, by trading on authentic Gold. It feels incredible to understand that the Gold market isn't just opened to elites any more. Anyone would now have the option to guarantee certifiable Gold and moreover capitalize on it's focal points, all appreciation to Digital Gold.
Obtain more information and updates from here :
Website: https://gold.storage/
White Paper: https://gold.storage/wp.pdf
ANN THREAD: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5161544
Twitter: https://twitter.com/gold_erc20
Telegram: https://t.me/digitalgoldcoin
Medium: https://medium.com/@digitalgoldcoin
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/golderc20

Bitcointalk Username: TasiaAdamia
Bitcointalk URL : https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=2474754
submitted by tasiaadamia to CryptoMangust [link] [comments]

Free Forex Trading Online Courses - YouTube Forex Trading For Beginners (Full Course) - YouTube Forex trading. The Complete tutorial How To trade - YouTube The ULTIMATE Forex Trading Course for Beginners - YouTube Forex Beginner Course Part 1 - Forex Foundation - YouTube Introduction To Forex Trading Af Soomaali Part 1 - YouTube Free Forex Trading Course - 1 of 19 - Trading Price Action ...

PDF Welcome to our blog on forex trading for beginners, written for individuals who desire to explore the currency markets and develop a secondary... Find, read and cite all the research you ... Forex Trading Strategies For Beginners Free PDF Download. I know that it can be incredibly time-consuming, frustrating and just annoying researching Forex trading strategies and different trading styles. GetFreeCourses.Co-Udemy-Forex Algorithmic Trading Course Code a Forex Robot.zip 4 months 11 GB 7 4 Naked Forex.pdf » ebook 8 years 7559 KB 11 0 Lehman Brothers Forex Trading Manual (Leaked).pdf » ebook 1 month 4707 KB 11 0 40 Assorted Books Collection PDF-EPUB October 29 2020 Set 279 » ebook 14 days 528 MB 7 4 Forex trading for beginners pdf. According to the Bank of International Settlements, foreign exchange trading increased to an average of $5.3 trillion a day. To simply break this down, the average has to be $220 billion per an hour. The foreign Bostick FX – Forex Trading Course Original Price: $199 Your Price: FREE DOWNLOAD Author: Bostick… Investopedia Academy – Forex Trading For Beginners Billionaires Academy - Self Paced Forex Trading Course If you have found your way here, chances are you are looking for a Forex Trading Course, then we have a simple Forex Trading Course PDF version. And that’s what we have prepared for you. In the world of information overload today, we no longer face the challenge of lack of relevant information. Today, we face the challenge of too much ... This Forex Trading PDF is written in such a way that even complete beginners can understand it and learn from it. In other words, we have read tons of Forex books, opened and closed thousands of trades; have filtered out 💦all the needed basics for beginner traders, and simplified them. So all you have to do is to take this FREE knowledge and start your online currency trading journey ... Make Forex Trading Simple Free PDF. Sona Matasyan, 12 Pages, 2013. MetaTrader4 (MT4) User Guide Free PDF. MetaQuotes, 65 Pages. The Little Book of Currency Trading: How to Make Big Profits in the World of Forex. Kathy Lien, 197 Pages, 2011. Trading Forex: What Investors Need to Know Free PDF. National Futures Association, 24 Pages, 2010 . Trading the Line: How to Use Trendlines to Spot ... Learn Forex Trading In 30 Days PDF (Free Course) Forex Trading Tips Comments are off (Last Updated On: November 6, 2018) Last Updated 1st February 2018: If you’ve ever wanted to get started in any kind of investing, whether this be stock trading, binary or foreign exchange, you know that knowing the basics goes a long way! We already have a post on forex trading basics, but we decided to ...

[index] [20293] [9326] [23811] [26026] [9621] [20968] [7927] [11310] [8855] [23134]

Free Forex Trading Online Courses - YouTube

Welcome to our Free Forex trading course! This is video 1 of 19. Subscribe to the playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL73KHYWzhYix03CBKTrtm... If you're new to Forex trading, have less than a year of experience, or you want to learn more about Forex markets, then this course is for you. ** FREE TRAD... Watch on our website: https://www.tradeciety.com/forex-beginner-course/ Watch part 2: https://www.tradeciety.com/forex-beginner-course-part2/ Watch par... Start Trade with InstaForex: http://bit.ly/2Zc0eYW Stock Market Training: http://bit.ly/2sTVhI9 Ways To Make Money Online: http://bit.ly/2r1xuWh Best Deals P... Hamster Pro : https://www.mql5.com/en/market/product/54150 MT4 To Telegram it is available now! https://www.mql5.com/en/market/product/53965 Telegram Channel... VIP EAP Mentorship Program - https://eaptrainingprogram.com/video-sales-page Time Stamps: What is a pip? - 10:40 What is the value of a pip? 27:00 What is le... kusoo biir telegramkayga is aad nooga mid noqoto sxpiyaal @higsiforex

http://arab-binary-option.hystdescases.gq